代写范文

留学资讯

写作技巧

论文代写专题

服务承诺

资金托管
原创保证
实力保障
24小时客服
使命必达

51Due提供Essay,Paper,Report,Assignment等学科作业的代写与辅导,同时涵盖Personal Statement,转学申请等留学文书代写。

51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标

私人订制你的未来职场 世界名企,高端行业岗位等 在新的起点上实现更高水平的发展

积累工作经验
多元化文化交流
专业实操技能
建立人际资源圈

Five characteristics of River Ki gender norms

2020-05-23 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

QQ图片20200520180023.png

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文Five characteristics of River Ki gender normsi。本文讲述性别规范在Ki河中尤为明显,并在日本文明中发挥着重要作用。掌握小说的内容是绝对必要的,因此,我将尽力在论证之前对其进行清晰,简单的介绍。泽泽子子(Sawako Ariyoshi)所写的故事在19世纪初至中叶从东西向延伸的Ki河沿岸发展。沿河是Kimoto家族的主要人物,Hana在结婚后成为Matani家族的一员,在祖母Toyono的影响下,她是一位优雅,受过良好教育,美丽而传统的女性。

 

Gender norms are especially obvious in the River Ki and play an important role in the civilization of Japan. Having a good command of the content of the novel is absolutely necessary, therefore, I will try best to give a clear and simple introduction of it before the argument. The story written by Sawako Ariyoshi developed in the bank of the River Ki which run from the east to the west in the early to middle 19th century of Japan. Along the river, the leading character of the Kimoto Family, Hana who became the member of Matani Family after her marriage was an elegant, well-educated, beautiful and traditional women under the influence of her grandmother Toyono. The part one of the story begins with the young Hana’s going to Miroku Hall which located in Jison-in with Toyono. Toyano was so believed in traditions that she refused lots of proposals for Hana. After several debates with Hana’s father, Nobutaka. Hana married a young and promising man named Keisaku who was the elder son of the Matani Family. Hana’s marriage was hit and admiring at that time with the careful preparation and assistance of her grandmother. After the marriage, they had five children and Keisaku surely won the respect of the people and it seemed that he had a promising career with the encouragement of Hana. Keisaku’s brother Kosaku who set up a branch family by asking a large division of the family fortune was a cynical man, he once fell in love with Hana but with bad attitudes toward Hana. In the second part, Hana’s children grow up, the children had a good behavior expect Fumio. Fumio was an extremely rebellious girl and she made lots of troubles, escaping school, behaving badly in Hana’s perspective, but she kept a good relationship with her uncle Kosaku. Hana was rather busy with the bearing and education of child, but she was disappointed when she found out the rebel of Fumio. During which, Keisaku was engaged in business and had no time for educating children. Fumio went to Tokyo to pursue for freedom and equality between men and women. Fumio married a bank employee named Harumi Eiji against her mother’s marriage arrangement for her. She insisted on modern life and refused the help of her Matani family, she even returned her dowries which Hana thought highly back. In the third part, Matani family came to decline after the death of Keisaku. The family members’ lives ware related to the wars. Fumio went abroad with Eiji and had a happy modern life, when her second sons died, she was desperate and had some faith in superstition and the relationship between her and Hana became closer. Huna was fond of Fumio’s daughter, Hanako who was weak after her birth. Hanoko was totally different from rebellious Fumio and was interested in the conversation with her grandmother. The situation was on edge and worse, most people lived a miserable life, Matani families were no exception. Hana dedicated her life to her family, but in Fumio’s opinion, she was traditional and superstitious. Actually, there was a gap between Hana and Fumio, however, in the end, Fumio got back to Hana when Hana was critical.

To begin with, it will be discussed in five aspects: the limitations and restrictions of the gender norms to characters’ choices, the changes, continuity, the tensions which gender norms create and the opportunity which characters get because of gender norms.

The limitations and restrictions of the gender norms are pretty evident in the novel, especially to women. As the leading character of the story, Hana was a symbol of the traditional culture at that time in Japan. ”Hana, who had been educated in Wakayama Girl’s school, firmly believed that the role of women was to bear children in order to preserve the family” (The River Ki (TRK), 9). Her grandmother had a great impact on her, she was taught bearing the children was her first responsibility as a woman. Moreover,” women are not allowed to travel from the west to east against the flow the river, Brides from families along the Ki must never travel upstream”. (RK,13)” “both women traveled downriver, to go against nature is a ‘serious crime’” (RK, 15) Hana obeyed her grandmother’s willing to married downstream. Even her feeling about love was based on the guidance of Toyono. “The two young people had met just once two years earlier, but Hana placed her trust entirely in the man selected by her grandmother. Under Toyono’s influence, she had gradually persuaded herself she was fond of Keisaku. (RK, 20) After marriage, as a mistress of Matina family, “She would never question the accepted principles governing the behavior of a wife. It was perfectly to her that her foremost duty was to adopt the customs and ways of the Marannis” (RK, 30) From which, we know that it was traditional for women to travel downstream, it was traditional for a girl like Hana agreed with the marriage selected by her grandmother, it was also traditional for women to follow her husband’s principles. At that time, all those limitations and restrictions were obeyed in the name of respecting traditions. Therefore, those limitations and restrictions had a great influence on Hana’s life. She had to make a choice which consistent with tradition, otherwise against it was a serious crime. Hana‘s every choice in her life would follow the tradition that she was taught in that situation. That was also a reason why the contradiction between her and her rebellious daughter was so sharp.

However, the gender norms changes when Hana’s rebellious and eldest daughter, Fumio grow up. She tried her best to educate her children and “Hana had given her eldest daughter the same kind of educating she herself had received and was greatly alarmed by the results”.( RK ,99) When Fumio behaved badly in school and Hana went to school to deal with Fumio’s troubles, Fumio complained:

Mother, why were you medding in my affairs? I was determined to fight fair and square, even if I were expelled from school. I would have accepted what was coming to me and fought all my life against injustice of every kind.”, “Really, mother, you’re so hopelessly old-fashioned! You’re making yourself an enemy of all Japanese women by keeping me in shackles. As I member of the same sex, it is unforgivable. If you weren’t my mother. (RK, 97)

Different from Hana’s submission to man, Fumio advocated freedom and pursued equality between women and men, “The words” women’s rights” appeared frequently in her essays. All of Fumio’s article expressed her feeling of indignation toward a society dominated by men” (RK, 135). What’ more, Fumio stressed the importance of modern life and wanted to start her own career, but in traditional ways, “People from good families still frowned upon the career women. Hana had been familiar with the term “old maid” for many years. The thought that her daughter would become a career woman and eventually an old maid broke her heart” (RK, 141). Fumio refused the arrangement of her marriage by her parents and married a man she loved. Apparently, Fumio broke the traditional rules and against gender norms at her mother’s time.

As mentioned above, Toyono had influence on Hana’s respect to tradition, and she inherited the ways which Toyono deal with things. When prepared marriage for Ume who would become Kosaku’s wife, she was enthusiastic as her grandma once prepare for her marriage. “Hana, who was twenty-eight, worked enthusiastically on the wedding preparations for Ume. Who was ten years younger. She enjoyed immensely every minute, as though she were the girl’s mother” (RK, 86).Moreover, different from Fumio’s rebellion, other children of Hana were obedient and hard-working. “Kazumi and Utae were unlike their sister in every way: both were of a quiet disposition and had been taught to be modest from the time they were little. Moreover, they worked hard at their lessons without being forced by their mother.”(RK, 98) In other words, the two children was a continuity of Hana’s respect to tradition. Apart from that, there was something in common between Fumio and her Uncle Kosaku. Kosaku once compared Hana to the River Ki which flowing leisurely, appear tranquil and gentle with blue water, but the river itself swallowed up the weak rivers flowing in the same direction. It also possessed the energy to pour its water into a strong, promising river.( RK, 111) as it was described in the novel ”At the subconscious level, both Kosaku and Fumio had sensed the danger of being swallowed up by Hana if they remained too close to her “(RK, 113). That is to say, both Kosaku and Fumio ware rebellious to Hana and wanted to escape from the influence of Hana. So to some extent, the spirit of Fumio’s rebellion was a continuity of Kosaku’s. Besides, Fumio’s daughter, Hanaka was different from her mother and had a genuine affection for things of the past. “Hana felt immensely relieved that Hanaka was so different from her mother. She felt that she would like very much to see personally to her granddaughter’s upbringing, and she recalled her own childhood when she had been brought up by Toyono”(RK, 181),as it indicated in the end” The spirit of the Matani family stilled lived within her. There was indeed a powerful bonding linking Toyono to Hana, Hana to Fumio, and Fumio to Hanako. (RK, 203) the spirit of Matani family passed from generation to generation is kind of continuity.

Of course, gender norms create tensions and challenges. When the elder son of the family was superior and acquired more than younger son. And people were cold to the second son who joined in the army, but he eldest son was exempt from military, so did Matani family. One soldiers said to Hana” I would rather die in a battle and become a war hero. If I come back, all I’ll get is some rice land and cold treatment from my family” (RK, 58). There was a quarrel between Kesaku and kosaku, kosaku hated the tradition and complained about the unfair between her and her brother, although he got what he wanted from Kesasu including the samurai title and the hill, “It was not acceptable for the junior family to strip the main family of his hills ad samurai title” (RK, 49).The second tension scene happened between Hana and Fumio. When Hana found her daughter learn to ride a bicycle and behaved badly in front of many people. “Fumio‘s younger sisters had been taught to feel aversion toward any indecent exposure of human flesh. They were therefore distresses to see their sister in such a state” (RK, 122) .Hana lost her temper and thrown her daughter into the dark room while her daughter burst into a childish wail”mother, I am sorry. Please forgive me, I was wrong.” Apparently, both Kosaku and Fumio against the gender norms at that time. Kosaku quarreled with his brother for his hills ad samurai title and Fumio had bad behaviors which were not consistent with tradition, gender norms caused tense relationship between family members.

Gender norms also offer chances for characters to gain influences and exercise powers in and outside the family. Keisaku was the elder son of the Matani family, so he could become the head of the village and inherited most of the family fortune while her younger brother could not. “Keisaku would soon be twenty-seven. A dedicated village headman, he had acquired a good reputation; he was respected for his candidates and not bothered at least by trivialities.” (RK, 37) He could get the opportunities to serve villagers, won their respect, acquired reputations and titles, as it said:

Keisaku’s fame grew after each flood. It is said that people will follow a leader who is sincere. No one opposed the choice of thirty-eight-year-old Keisaku as the speaker of the House. His boundless capacity for work, his generosity in using his own money and his sincerity using admiration among his constituents. The titles he held were too numerous to be printed on a single name card. (RK, 93)

As his wife, Hana was also respected by the farmers.

They had the utmost respect for the Matani family which had provided the village headman for generations. Hana’s refinement and accomplishments had elicited the respect of the people, not the fact that she was from the prestigious Kimoto family. Even though she was a woman, Hana had won the villagers’ affection. (RK, 70)

In addition, as the mistress of the Matani family, ”Hana had to take full responsibility for the children’s education. She also saw to it that the houseboys and maids performed their duties. Furthermore, she acted as a mediator in disputes involving the tenant farmers and comforted them in times of sorrow” (RK, 104). It is clear that gender norms not only won the couple reputation but high titles and the power to deal with things inside and outside the family. In other words, gender norms is the foundation of the establishment of the main family. They owned the chances, powers and fortune that branch family did not have or have little. Although, we cannot ignore the dedicated service and elegance of the couple for successful establishment of Matani family, germ norms play an important role.

Reference

Sawako Ariyoshi. The River Ki.

 

51due留学教育原创版权郑重声明:原创优秀代写范文源自编辑创作,未经官方许可,网站谢绝转载。对于侵权行为,未经同意的情况下,51Due有权追究法律责任。主要业务有essay代写、assignment代写、paper代写、作业代写服务。

51due为留学生提供最好的作业代写服务,亲们可以进入主页了解和获取更多代写范文提供作业代写服务,详情可以咨询我们的客服QQ800020041

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

上一篇:Surgeon General Warning of Sec 下一篇:Kaplan’s Perspective on the Ro