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A discussion a Carbon Tax and the slow of Global Warming

2020-05-21 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

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下面51due教员组为大家整理一篇优秀的代写范文- A discussion a Carbon Tax and the slow of Global Warming,供大家参考学习。这篇文章讲述的是随着全球人口和经济规模的不断增长,与能源使用及其原因有关的环境问题继续得到承认。人们不仅认识到了烟雾、烟雾和酸雨带来的危害,也认识到了大气二氧化碳浓度升高引起的全球变暖的变化。几十年来,针对二氧化碳排放的税收,即碳税已经制定出来,但仍有很多争论。本文认为,碳税在减缓全球变暖方面是有效的。

A discussion a Carbon Tax and the slow of Global Warming

As the global population and economic scale continues to grow, the environmental problems associated with the use of energy and its causes continue to be recognized. People have also been recognized not only the damage brought by smoke, smog and acid rain, but also changes of global warming caused by elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. Over the decades, a tax on carbon dioxide emissions, namely carbon tax has been developed but is still under a lot of debates. In this article, it is to argue that the carbon tax is effective in the slow of global warming.

 

Carbon taxes can play a role in the slow of global warming as it reduces fossil fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emissions by taxing coal products. For a long time in the industrial age,  fossil fuel such as gasoline, jet fuel, and fossil fuel products such as natural gas is a main source of carbon emission. And carbon emissions, resulting that carbon-containing greenhouse gas concentrations continued to grow in the atmosphere, so carbon emission is also proved by a lot of scientific researchers to be a main source of global warming. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the most common greenhouse gas emitted by human activities, as it is released in a rather large number and have a great influence on global warming(Brander, Davis, 2012, p2). A carbon tax is a tax on carbon dioxide emissions based on their carbon content, and it can reduce global warming by reducing carbon dioxide emissions for environmental protection. One most important aim of carbon tax is to decrease greenhouse gas emissions”(Dowdey, 2017, p.2). It is a system of restricting human behavior before the natural environment and the consumption of resources through economic means. In this sense, it is justified to reduce the fossil fuel emissions by levying carbon taxes given the close relationship between carbon emission and global warming.

 

A tax on carbon dioxide emissions is to promote the development of a new economic model--- low-carbon economy, which can slow global warming in a long term manner. The background of carbon tax is that on the one hand, there is a close relationship between carbon and global warming and on the other hand, global warming is a serious challenge to human survival and development. Carbon tax will make cost and pricing of industrial product high enough to lose its competitiveness in its market. Also, when businesses or residents burned fossil fuels, pollution will also create damage and cost to society(Dowdey, 2017, p.1). Thus, it helps to motivate some entrepreneurs and business to invest in the development and use of new clean energy based on consideration of profits. Carbon tax levy on the country's carbon dioxide emissions thus play a significant role in industrial structure optimization . To some degree, it can be said that the long term purpose of carbon tax is to change the economical development model, and change it into low-carbon economy. Low-carbon economy is based on economic model of low-power, low-pollution, low-emissions of carbon, which is another major progress of the human society following the agricultural civilization and industrial civilization. This will make for the slowing of global warming in the long run.

 

In addition, carbon tax is widely practiced in a lot of counties now, which is a practical evidence to prove its effectiveness in the slow of global warming. Although carbon tax rates vary from country to country and within the same country, carbon taxes are first implemented in the northern European countries, or Nordic countries, with Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark and the Netherlands are sort of pioneers(Dowdey, 2017, p.2). and in 2007 levy of it was made by Quebec and Boulder, the U.S(Dowdey, 2017, p.3) .But to achieve ambitious environmental goals, it is necessary that the policy of carbon tax must be consistent with national conditions and must be stable in order to better implement it in practice. As the levy of carbon tax in places other than northern European countries is not very smooth(Dowdey, 2017, p.3). But, anyhow, the wide practice of carbon tax shows that carbon tax is in line with the interests of many countries, and the carbon tax has been recognized as one of the effective economic instruments by the international community to reduce carbon dioxide emissions.

 

The levy of carbon taxes is easy to operate among the measures used in the slow of global warming. Carbon tax is stable and straightforward system(Dowdey, 2017, p.2). It can be based on the existing methods of fuel tax which was already established in most countries. And thus the implementation of the carbon tax system can rely on the existing tax authorities, without the need for new institutions, so the implementation of carbon tax system is less difficult. There is no obstacle to the administrative system. Second, the carbon tax system is more open, and more transparent, as it is in line with the principle of "who consumption, who pay" in taxation. Thirdly, since the carbon tax can be directly relied on by the state taxation authorities, the tax levied by it can be directly used by the state finance, and it is easy to subsidize the affected small and medium enterprises and residents to develop new energy. Finally, the carbon tax system is a direct control of greenhouse gas emissions control, so it will not cause any adverse financial consequences. Thus, the state's economic development can be adjusted by the Government at any time to ensure tax rates.

 

It is an indisputable fact that carbon tax system is a tax system, which is widely used in some countries and is an effective mitigation of climate warming as carbon emissions and energy consumption have a close relationship. Also, carbon tax encourages businesses and residents to invest in clean technologies and carbon tax revenues can also be used to subsidize and develop new technologies.

 

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