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A Discussion of the Main Characteristics of Qing Governance and Qing Society

2020-05-20 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

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下面51due教员组为大家整理一篇优秀的代写范文- A Discussion of the Main Characteristics of Qing Governance and Qing Society,供大家参考学习。这篇文章讲述的是清朝是封建专制制度的鼎盛时期。清朝是一个少数民族占多数的政权。因此,它采取一定的治理方式,努力巩固社会的统治和稳定。本文旨在探讨清政府与清社会的主要特征清初的统治比较开明,清初社会还比较繁荣。

A Discussion of the Main Characteristics of Qing Governance and Qing Society

The Qing dynasty marks the peak of the feudal autocracy . The Qing Dynasty ruled by nature is a regime in which a minority race rule the majority. Thus, it takes some governance approach, and efforts to consolidate the rule and stability of society. In this article, it is to have a discussion of the main characteristics of Qing governance and Qing society

 

The rules of the early Qing Dynasty were relatively enlightened and early Qing society was still relatively prosperous. Duirng the early and middle Qing Dynasty, economic revolution was carried out to increase the productivity of the country(32). And the population greatly increased, so that the production of grain crops need to be improved. The Qing Dynasty adopted reclamation of wasteland, migration of border areas and promotion of new crops to increase production(55). Taxes on land was main source of revenues, composed of number of man and yield(43). Due to domestic and foreign trade promotion, economic agriculture is relatively developed. There was also development of textile and porcelain industry. Taxes on the Qing Dynasty business was few and ignored as a source as revenues(44). A number of water conservancy, such as the Grand Canal also makes sure the transportation of grains(32). This is useful to defend themselves and economic development. Also, Confucian idea and culture is used as a tool to promote civil and military administration of Qing rulers. “Benevolent governance “ of Confucian value was advocated, leading to a smaller institution(33). Thus, the cost and budget of Qing governance was low.In terms of politics, an “inner” and “outer” administration was set up, in responsible of different matter (33). But the inner administration enjoyed more power, which makes it a centralized regime. The civil service exam system was set up to make sure upward mobility(45). It successfully and completely rule the majority of ethnic, from the ideological, economical and institutional.

 

There were sable elements of Qing society: “patrilocal marriage, patrilineal kinship, male inheritance, household unit, sedentary agrarianism, land ownership, civil service exam system, and unbroken line between elites and commoners(90).  But in the late Qing Dynasty, when characteristics of Qing society and foreign situation began to change, Qing governance began to have some problems as they were hard to adopt those changes. Under the influence of negative side of the idea of Confucius, the nature of obedience, compliance, harmony and passiveness is stressed(32). The concept of political rigidity, cultural autocracy, closed-door policy, and ideological imprisonment was paid attention to by Qing rulers. In the late Qing Dynasty, the situation of Qing society got more and more complex there was a great increase of number of population, mobility of people, and foreign invasions and interfere(33). In this hundred years time, the world powers have launched more than 10 wars of aggression against China. To decide the size of state for controlling it to deal with foreign rebels and rebels at home is important and difficult for Qing governance(33). The Opium War, the Second Opium War, the Sino-Japanese War, the Eight-Power Allied War of Aggression against China occurred one by one. The Chinese government gradually transformed from a feudal system to a semi-colonial and semi-feudal system. As the Qing authorities were ignorant, barbarous and brutal, they adopted the brutal violence in the domestics. As the Manchu became more brutal at home and was forced to be submissive to the foreign countries, which greatly aggravated the hardship of the Chinese people oppressed by the Manchu authorities, and certainly accelerated the struggle of the Chinese people to overthrow the Qing government. Thus, the Chinese people's awareness of the Chinese nation began to awaken. Some large-scale anti-aggression, and anti-feudal peasant movement in modern Chinese history, such as the Taiping movement broke out, which try to break the attempt of Western colonialists’ rapid colonial , and speeding the Qing Dynasty and the feudal system’s decline and collapse.

 

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