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The American political system

2019-01-04 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- The American political system,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国的政治制度。人们习惯将美国的政治制度笼统地称之为民主制度,其实这是不对的。在美国,我们可以看到各种历史悠久的制度传承,如总统制度、选举制度、立法制度等。其中选举制度和立法制度自然具有民主政治的原则。但其他的制度都与民主政治没有任何关系。至于行政制度中最重要的总统制,则直接源于英国都铎时代的君主政体。

American political system,美国政治制度,assignment代写,paper代写,北美作业代写

It is not accurate to generalize about the American political system as democracy. In the United States, we can see various time-honored institutional heritages, such as the presidential system, electoral system, federal system, legislative and bipartisanship system, civil service system and interest group system. Among them, the electoral system and legislative system naturally have the principle of democratic politics. But other systems, such as decentralization, civil service, and federalism, have little to do with democracy and are more akin to the pirates of the Caribbean sitting on the spoils. As for the most important executive system, the presidential system is directly derived from the Tudor monarchy.

It is precisely because of the breakdown of national systems, most of which are non-democratic or even anti-democratic, that discriminatory and anti-human rights laws are not uncommon in these systems. In the early days of the United States, makeup, miniskirts, and weird hair accessories were all prohibited by law. Even drinking was illegal in the early 20th century. Of course, the most criticized system in history was apartheid, which was a direct result of the judicial system.

Black equality has become a trend after the civil war. But the Supreme Court ruled in plessy v. ferguson in 1896 that "segregation and equality" were legal, reversing the trend toward black equality. White racists took full advantage of the ruling, and in southern states such as Mississippi and Louisiana, schools, factories, hospitals and the army were segregated, which dealt a severe blow to black human rights. This can be seen as a direct response to southern racism after the civil war.

Until the 1950 s, Rosa Parks refused to carry out? Arrested law and on a bus to give his seat to a white, only raised around the black civil rights movement. ? for Rosa Parks, with a lot of mistakes. The most famous was that people thought she was too tired to give up her seat after working all day. But in fact, two backgrounds were neglected: one was that Rosa knew the bus driver, and she had been kicked out of the bus by the driver due to racial issues before, and she stopped taking the car driven by the driver within a year. This time, she was quite concerned about the car, so she knew that the driver was a racist. The second is that Rosa herself was a member of the naacp, an association that helped blacks fight for civil rights across the country.

It is against this background that we can understand what she said in her autobiography my story: "people always say that I don't give up my seat because I am tired, but this is not the truth. I am no more tired than before. I'm not old either. I'm only 42. Just because I'm tired of giving in. That is to say, although the incident seemed to happen accidentally, she was prepared to fight against this unreasonable system, rather than acting on temporary emotions. Later, we all know, the results of Rosa Parks was arrested for violation of segregation law, trigger? Martin Luther King, indignation. He called on black people to refuse to take buses. Black people have shown amazing will and determination on this issue. They would rather walk to work than take the bus. More than a year of nonviolent civil disobedience eventually led the Supreme Court to rule that segregation but equality on buses was unconstitutional.

Similar cases of resistance are happening everywhere. TuoPiKa in Kansas, railway workers because oliver browns are black, and his seven-year-old daughter Linda not qualified on nearby public elementary school, had to go to another school through the streets of 21 every day to go to school. Seeing her hard work, oliver, with the help of the national association for the advancement of colored people, sued a court in Kansas to desegregate public schools. Win the case. So for their lawyer eidur gudjohnsen Marshall fame, later became the first black Supreme Court chief justice.

From Rosa Parks, oliver brown resistance of the individual, social movement in the gold, the goal is to remove dark, inhumane part of the American political system. The process was long and difficult, not only at the cost of Dr. King's own life, but also at the expense of countless civil rights activists killed by white racists during the civil rights movement. In Mississippi, a 14-year-old black teenager was killed for whistling to a white girl. In another state, a young white man who expressed sympathy for blacks was shot dead. Burning down black homes is a common occurrence. The perpetrators of those cases have not been brought to justice because, under the jury system, juries are all white, and they acquitted the obvious suspects. Some of the perpetrators were not brought to justice until the 1990s.

However, even if the system was unjust, the black civil rights movement, like other social movements in American history, chose to appeal through the constitution rather than use violence against the country. This is partly because the black elite believes that blacks will only lose more if they use force; On the other hand, due to the judicialization of the constitution, the principles of "freedom" and "equality" can be directly used in litigation, making the constitution itself a powerful weapon to promote the progress of the system. Another point is that the civil rights movement has a religious background and its leaders are mostly priests. It has religious appeal to both black and white people. In the struggle to "god" against "the state," they won first on values and then on institutional progress.

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