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Informatization of American colleges and universities

2018-11-21 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Informatization of American colleges and universities,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国高校的信息化建设。信息化有助于提升高校的管理、教学及科研水平和效率,最终培养出能够适应信息社会要求的人才,更好地为社会服务。1990年,美国就开始实施校园信息化项目,并且建立了非常完善的信息化运行与服务体系,其发展水平、管理水平和应用水平已经处于世界领先地位。美国政府高度重视和支持高校信息化的发展。在美国高校信息化机构中,一般都设有专门的信息技术服务部门,能够为学校师生员工提供非常周到细致的服务。

university informatization,美国高校信息化建设,assignment代写,paper代写,北美作业代写

The research on university informatization began in the early 1990s. In 1990, professor Kenneth c. green, from claremont university, proposed the concept of Campus Computing for the first time. In the same year, he started a research Project on Campus Computing in the United States, which marked the first step of college information construction. After more than 20 years of continuous development and perfection, the information construction of American colleges and universities has formed the following characteristics.

The government attaches great importance to it. The American government attaches great importance to and supports the development of college informatization. In 1993, the national action plan on information infrastructure was implemented, laying an important foundation for the development of college informatization. In 1996, education technology plan was proposed, which pointed out that "by 2000, all universities in the United States will have a campus network, and every classroom and library will be connected to the Internet". This measure had a significant impact on the teaching methods and means of American universities at that time. In 2002, the strategic plan for 2002-2007 was officially promulgated, which encouraged schools to update education method by widely applying scientific and technological means, providing an important guarantee for the healthy development of university informatization. Driven by a series of government policies, American college informatization has achieved rapid development, which can well meet the needs of teaching, scientific research, management and daily study and life of students.

The organizational security system is sound. American universities usually adopt the organizational management system of CIO. The CIO is in charge of school informatization and is directly led by the school board or principal. The CIO is responsible for the unified leadership and management of information resources in colleges and universities, the management of information technology and service departments in colleges and universities, the formulation of information system construction and development plans, and participation in high-level decision-making in colleges and universities. Take the CIO system of the university of California, Berkeley as an example, the campus informatization construction of this school is a world-recognized model of college informatization construction. Currently, the CIO of the school is held by a deputy principal who is responsible for supervising and coordinating the informatization construction of the school. As an important member of the school committee, he is directly responsible to the principal and the committee and directly involved in all major decisions of the school. The CIO leads the three divisions, the CIO office, the information technology and services department, and the school technical committee. These three departments also set up a number of departments or committees, which constitute a very sound and perfect organizational system. Generally speaking, American colleges and universities have relatively perfect CIO organization management system, reasonable department setting, clear responsibility and authority, complete personnel allocation, which strongly promotes the development of American colleges and universities informatization construction.

In American college information institutions, there is usually a special information technology service department, which can provide very thoughtful and meticulous service for teachers, students and staff. Their service scope is very broad, both teaching support services and information systems management, staff and students both wireless network services and computer operating system installation and maintenance, including student online learning, the hardware and software purchases and maintenance, etc., the service content covers the teaching, scientific research, management, all aspects of campus life. Ask for help on the phone, email, network repository service, whatever the problem. Good information technology service not only improves the application level of information technology, but also saves users' time and improves work efficiency. In addition, the daily network management of American colleges and universities is also strictly regulated, which ensures the safety of campus network application and supports the teaching, scientific research and management of schools by providing advanced technology and application system.

On February 10, 2004, the "education revitalization action plan for 2003-2007" issued by China clearly proposed to strengthen the construction of university informatization, speed up the construction of infrastructure, informatization resources and personnel training, and improve the application level of information technology in universities. In 2006, China issued the national informatization development strategy from 2006 to 2020, which proposed to "improve education informatization level, realize high-quality education resource sharing, and promote the balanced development of education". There is no doubt that the promulgation and implementation of these policies and measures plays an important role in promoting the development of China's university information construction. Up to now, all the institutions of higher learning in China have built campus networks, and some of them have set up education colleges. The coverage of campus network in student dormitories, teaching, scientific research and management buildings is more than 85%, and the coverage area of campus wireless network is also expanding year by year.

It can be said that China's university informatization has made great achievements in infrastructure construction and teaching informatization. However, we should also be soberly aware that compared with the informatization of colleges and universities in developed countries such as the United States, China's colleges and universities still have some gaps. For example, the informatization management level and service level of campus websites are still relatively low, the overall quality of the informatization talent team is still not high, and the informatization construction of colleges and universities needs to be further strengthened.

Attaching great importance to informatization construction, reasonable organization organization is a reliable guarantee for the steady advancement of information construction in colleges and universities. Many colleges and universities in China have not paid enough attention to the informatization construction and have not fully realized that education informatization is an important sign of education modernization. Some colleges and universities in China position the informatization institution as a teaching aid institution, which affects the work enthusiasm of the informatization personnel. Moreover, the information institutions of domestic colleges and universities are subordinate to complex, the positioning is inaccurate, and the functions are interlaced, resulting in the low efficiency of work. We can actively learn from the American college CIO organization system, set up a college CIO position and enter the school leadership team, or by a vice President full-time responsible for information work. In order to correctly understand the positioning of information institutions, the information department should not be limited to the "teaching assistant department". It should be a comprehensive department integrating teaching, scientific research, management, training, service and development. At the same time, information technology departments should be set up scientifically, relevant personnel should be allocated reasonably, and the informatization work of colleges and universities should be planned and promoted comprehensively.

At present, from the perspective of hardware facilities alone, domestic colleges and universities are not far behind developed countries such as the United States, but the effective utilization rate of network is very low compared with American colleges and universities. The main reasons are low management level and poor service ability. College information institutions should further enhance the awareness of service, focus on college students and staff, do everything possible to provide them with convenient, fast, meticulous and thoughtful services, and fully mobilize their enthusiasm and initiative in the use of information technology. We should further expand information technology service projects, service scope and service fields, constantly improve service quality, give full play to the use value of network and various information technology equipment and tools, and improve the efficiency of information resource utilization. We should strengthen the management of campus network security, resolutely stop the abuse of network, and create a safe, standard and orderly information technology environment for teachers, students and staff.

We should strengthen the team building and improve the quality of personnel. The information construction of colleges and universities is characterized by high technical content and strong specialization, and involves administrative management, teaching and research, logistics service and other aspects. Therefore, the informatization construction of colleges and universities needs a team of professional and technical talents who are capable and efficient and have excellent skills. They need to understand not only technology, but also teaching and management. The informatization construction team of American colleges and universities is well staffed, including both high-level managers who are responsible for informatization management and middle-level managers who are responsible for project implementation. There are technicians in charge of software development and security management, as well as technical consultants engaged in user services. The total number of employees engaged in informatization usually accounts for about 10% of all school management personnel, which is a very large system. We should learn from the successful experience of informatization team construction in American colleges and universities, guide informatization workers to change their ideas practically, set up modern teaching ideas, enhance their awareness of informatization, and stimulate their recognition and sense of achievement in their work. We should actively build an information-based talent growth mechanism, broaden the channels for talent development, and better play the role of information-based talent.

The current society has entered the information age. The level of information construction is directly related to the future of a country. In terms of information strategy, American colleges and universities are very clear and clear, and also have very perfect information service standards. At present, although some domestic universities have clear informatization development strategy, such as zhejiang university's strategy is to "build a innovation of scientific and technological achievements of new type of literature resources and information service support system, to build a diversified, culture, intelligent, a leading information service supporting environment", but after all, there are more colleges and universities have not clear informatization development strategy. As a university education worker, especially the university development decision-maker, we should take the initiative to adapt to the informatization development trend, and start from the actual situation of the university, carefully consider and plan the university informatization development strategy. At the same time, we should constantly improve the informatization related system so that all the work has rules to follow and rules to follow, and constantly promote the informatization construction of colleges and universities to be systematic, scientific and standardized.

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