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Community correction in the UK

2018-11-19 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Community correction in the UK,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了英国的社区矫正制度。英国社区矫正制度发源于公元十世纪,由于起步早,内涵深厚,各项制度与规范相对成熟。英国社区矫正管理机构的设立,提供了一种处理犯罪人的全新观念和思路,让犯罪人在社区环境中接受教育和感化,学会遵守法律,改变犯罪的观念和行为,重新回归社会。

Community correction,英国社区矫正制度,assignment代写,paper代写,北美作业代写

With the continuous growth of British capitalist economy and the development of humanitarian reform, the establishment of community correction system in the UK has been supported, making the UK the pioneer of community correction system. After continuous development and improvement, the various levels of courts in the UK are generally applicable to this kind of crime, which is a model for reference by countries around the world. Based on the research of community correction system in Britain and the practice of community correction in China, it is expected to provide reference for the improvement of community correction system in China.

The community correction system in the UK originated in the 10th century. Due to its early start and profound connotation, various systems and norms are relatively mature, which have been used for reference by countries around the world. Start community correction only more than ten years in our country, the measures for the implementation of community correction concrete rules of judicial organs, method and their respective responsibilities, although will provide an important basis for us to carry out community correction work, but in the present reform under the rule of law, the lack of a unified national legislation, system and the implementation of regional cohesion problems, but lags behind its implementation steps.

In many western countries, the community correction system is approaching maturity. As the pioneer and starting block of the system, the UK studies its development trajectory and the implementation in the judicial field from the perspective of the rule of law, which has important reference significance for the current implementation of community correction in China.

The idea of community correction in England was tentatively conceived as early as the 10th century in the legal provisions of king Adam of Asiatic road. In the early 19th century, British judge Edward cox enforcement are on first offence to instead of the non-durance measures, and make special ombudsman supervision responsibility, which make the community correction system to produce a prototype. In 1879, England enacted the concise jurisdiction act, the earliest district correction act, which provided for community correction of misdemeanors. In the 20th century, the community correction system in the UK entered a new development period through legislation, and the related system construction is also tending to take shape. The criminal justice act of 1925 gave clear status and organization to the criminal legislation of the community correction system. In the 1980s, the national standard issued by the British ministry of internal affairs clearly stipulated that the purpose of community correction is to achieve the purpose in crime through the unique combination of punishment, compensation and transformation. With the increase of the specific community correction measures, the probation order has been extended to cover a variety of measures, including "juvenile delinquency control order", "combination order" and "curfew"; The character orientation of community correction is improved, and the character of punishment is enhanced. Corresponding measures were introduced for specific crime types. For example, the introduction of "drug treatment and test order" for drug crimes: to promote the construction of "youth crime control center", "day care station" and other relevant supporting facilities. The criminal law power act 2000 made clear and complete provisions on community correction system, which is the most detailed law on community correction. In April 2005, the above community sentences were abolished again and replaced by a series of new community orders containing 12 applicable conditions, resulting in a "custodial plus order" and a "custodial minus order" as a new probation order, further weakening the boundary between traditional imprisonment and community sentences. The community correction management institution is also set up accordingly. The emergence of the special community correction management institution, "national probation administration", reflects the new concept and thinking of dealing with criminals. It means that criminals receive education and probation in the community environment, learn to abide by the law, change the concept and behavior of crime and return to the society.

Community correction system is gradually produced and improved in the long-term judicial practice such as sentencing, judgment and execution. It is of great benefit to the improvement of China's community correction system by referring to the implementation experience of Britain in various stages of the judicial field. In the legislative stage, the objects of community correction are subdivided according to the provisions of British law, such as: according to the age of the objects of correction, parole and probation apply to offenders of any age; Community service, care and drug treatment with the test applies to the criminal has reached a certain age in the sentencing phase, sentencing basis is provided by the community correction enforcement authorities to court probation sentence report, according to the report to different classification of the defendant, the court, on the basis of considering the defendant and the circumstances apply to the types of community correction measures the defendant and the length of time. The UK criminal powers act provides that pre-sentence reporting is the only way for community correction. In the execution stage, the executing organ classifies and arranges the criminals according to their individual conditions to avoid conflicts with their religious beliefs and other community correction measures.

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