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Britain's creative industries

2018-11-08 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Britain's creative industries,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了英国的创意产业。1998年,英国文化、媒体和体育部制定了创意产业发展计划,并将十三个部门列为重点发展和扶持的对象。并在2001年的创意产业发展计划中将创意产业定义为通过知识产权的保护和开发,含有个人原始创造、技能和天赋,能够增进财富和就业的行业。通过政府的大力引导,英国的创意产业有了长足的发展。

creative industries,英国的创意产业,assignment代写,essay代写,美国作业代写

The UK is a developed country that successfully transformed into a world manufacturing center. Currently, the financial industry and creative industry are the main pillar industries of the UK. The UK is the world's financial center and the first country in the world to make great efforts to develop the creative industry. Britain's prince William starts the opening ceremony of the British official "creative Britain" ceremony in Shanghai on March 2, 2015. There are hundreds of British brands on display, Britain's creative industries have swarmed, and China's horn has been sounded. Learning from the successful experience of British creative industries, vigorously developing China's creative industries, gradually improving the proportion of creative industries in economic growth and the ability to absorb labor and employment are the main direction to realize China's innovation-driven development strategy, realize structural reform and create new engines.

The UK in 1998 by the British culture, media and sport has creative industry development plan, and will be as 13 departments focus on the development and support of objects, including advertising, architecture, art and antiques market, arts and crafts, design, fashion design, film and television, leisure interactive software, music, performance art, publishing, software and computer services, television and radio. In the 2001 creative industries development plan, the creative industries are defined as those industries that, through the protection and development of intellectual property, contain the original creation, skills and talents of individuals, and can promote wealth and employment. Under the guidance of the government, the British creative industry has made great progress.

From the government level, the UK has a clear definition of the scope of the creative industry, as well as a specific scope of the creative industry and the creative economy. The creative economy has more extension space than the creative industry. The creative industry is contained in the creative economy, which is full time staff engaged in the creative industry, while the creative economy is full time staff including the creative industry and part-time staff engaged in the creative industry. For example, the employment rate of the creative industry and the creative economy in the UK is less than that of the creative economy, and the employment rate of the creative industry can better reflect the employment contribution of the creative industry.

According to an assessment published in January 2015 by the UK's creative industries. We can see that the UK's creative industries contribute significantly more to the UK's employment, gross value added and service sector exports than the overall average of the UK economy. The UK has relatively accurate data to support employment statistics, industry division and export data of creative industries, so as to better serve the development of creative industries.

Can be seen from the British creative industries assessment report in 2015, Britain's creative industries since 2011 has been in terms of increasing employment is growing, especially in 2011 and 2012, its growth rate is significantly higher than the UK economy overall, this suggests that the creative industries in the UK the drive is in a major position in the above the rate of employment, and it also means that employment in other industries there is an obvious decline. The creative industries have become a new source of growth in UK employment. As can be clearly seen from the total value added of the UK economy, from 2011, the value added of the creative industry in the UK is significantly higher than that of the UK economy, and the value added of the service industry export in the UK increased significantly in 2010 and 2012. The UK's creative industries generated 1.71 million jobs in 2013, accounting for 5.6% of the UK's total employment, 7.69 billion pounds of output and 5.0% of the UK economy. From the above data, it can be seen that the UK's creative industry has become a new engine of the UK's economic growth, promoting the optimization of the UK's industrial structure. Creative industries play an important role in creating jobs, developing the economy and promoting service sector exports. It plays a positive role in improving the economic development structure of the UK and helps the UK to transition to a greener and healthier economic model. From the development history of developed countries, the higher the proportion of creative industries in the economic development share of countries with higher level of development is, the healthier their economy is, and the stronger their comprehensive strength is. The growing employment population in creative industries has also promoted social stability. The great support of the UK to the creative industry, from the aspects of capital, property rights protection, market development and so on, through years of efforts, has yielded fruitful results.

At present, China does not have a clear definition of the creative industry. The creative industry is often included in the framework of the cultural industry, but China has also increased the environmental construction of the creative industry in terms of policy support. For example, many creative industrial parks have been built in developed areas such as Beijing and Shanghai. Since 2014, the cultural industry department of the ministry of culture and the ministry of finance jointly launched the cultural industry startup and creative talent support program. According to the current domestic and international database survey, China has limited data in the creative industry. For example, the data is not very comprehensive in terms of employment, the proportion of creative industry in the total national economy and export. China's creative industry, also known as cultural and creative industry, mainly focuses on the tertiary industry in the existing classification system. Therefore, the employment data of the tertiary industry is used to analyze the influence and trend of China's creative industry on China's employment. For example, in table 2, the annual change rate of data of culture, sports and entertainment industry is similar to the annual change rate of value added of creative industry, and the annual change rate of advertisement and market research in server export is used to replace the annual change rate of creative industry in service export.

The change of industrial structure, the output value of the tertiary industry in the rising share of gross domestic product, will greatly promote China's creative industry employment increase, we can see that in the employment form, the first industry continue to fall in the proportion of total employment, and in 2013 a significant speed up trend, which also reflected the process of our urbanization trend could be reversed; During 2010 ~ 2012 and the second industry is still at the trend in the composition of the expanding employment, from the first part of the labor force of industry transfer out into the second industry, secondary industry at the same time also have ability to absorb labor force, but in 2013 the second industry constitute the proportion of total employment in fell, this and our country structure is consistent with the overall strategy to promote transformation, as some backward pollution of manufacturing has been marginalized, and the rising of labor costs in China, makes our country manufacturing industry gradually shift to the neighboring countries, also makes the manufacturing attract labor force is abate, Furthermore, the employment composition of the secondary industry shows a downward trend in the overall employment ratio. As can be seen from the annual change rate of the tertiary industry in the overall employment composition, the proportion of the tertiary industry in China is gradually increasing, and its growth rate has a trend of strengthening, especially in 2013, the other tertiary industries are in stark contrast. The tertiary industry has become an important battlefield for absorbing surplus rural labor force and vigorously adjusting industrial structure. As an important part of the tertiary industry, creative industry will also play an important role in employment and industrial restructuring. From the total value added can be as on the previous year rate of change, China's gross domestic product in 2010 ~ 2010 years of growth, but growth to slow in 2013, and the change trend of culture, sports and entertainment at the same, but from 2011 and 2012 year rate of change can be seen as, the added value of the total growth apparently about to gross domestic product, it also suggests that creative industries as a new engine of economic growth; From exporting services, business services exports from 2010 ~ 2013 rate showed a trend of gradually reducing, export growth slowed, commercial services and advertising, market research and development in areas such as services export growth is obvious, in 2011 and 2012 annual rate decline trend, but the device exports decline significantly lower than the commercial services, namely in 2012 and 2013, business services and advertising, market research and development in areas such as exports are slowing growth trend, but the slowing trend of advertising, market research and development in areas such as export less than total export slowdown trend of business services. On the one hand, this is caused by the large international trade environment, but it also further shows that the export advantage of the creative industry is still higher than the average level of the overall business service export.

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