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The Macintosh

2018-11-06 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- The Macintosh,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了麦金托什。麦金托什是20世纪英国最重要的建筑设计师之一,也是英国新艺术运动的主要代表。麦金托什对同时代新艺术运动追求曲线风格产生怀疑,比较偏爱几何直线的设计样式,将直线美学引入他的室内和建筑中;麦金托什还广泛的从多种艺术形态中汲取灵感,并将它们有机组合。这种带有浪漫主义精神的现代理念对现代主义设计运动的出现产生了具有巨大的推动作用。

Macintosh,麦金托什,assignment代写,essay代写,美国作业代写

Charles lennie mackintosh is Britain's most important architects in the 20th century, and the main representative of the new art movement. Macintosh doubted the curvilinear style of contemporary art movement, but he preferred the design style of geometric line, and introduced the linear aesthetics into his interior and architecture. Mackintosh also draws inspiration from a wide range of art forms and combines them. This kind of modern idea with the spirit of romanticism has produced great impetus to the emergence of the modernist design movement.

Around the 1850s, Britain, the first country to complete its first industrial revolution, was immersed in an atmosphere of banality, complacency and joy. Aspiring businessmen and factory owners are eager to show off their industrial achievements, and together with the British upper classes, an unprecedented exhibition has opened in London. The fair showcases thousands of industrial products, almost all of the world's most advanced industrial technologies and achievements at the time, but it also exposes the latent design crisis of the time, that is, industrial products are crude, over-decorated and vulgar.

In view of this situation, British art pioneers took the lead in exploring the design development path in the new era. However, this movement rapidly failed with the revival of Neoclassicism in the UK, and the British design industry gradually lost its leading position in the stage of modern sports preparation. In the new era, the exploration of design style shifted to continental Europe and the United States, and a new 20th century style developed. Fortunately, at this time, at least one designer in the UK was brave enough to take part in the new movement that affected the whole, and explored a future style of great innovation and promotion. This is Charles lennie mackintosh. He advocated a simple straight line style for industrial production and integrated various art forms. This modern idea with the spirit of romanticism had a profound influence on the later modern movement.

Charles Rennie Mackintosh was a famous architect and interior designer in England in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. McIntosh was born in Glasgow, England, in 1868. In 1883, he attended the Glasgow school of art. In 1889, mackintosh joined honeyman cope as an architectural draughtsman and won a competition in 1896 to design a new building for the Glasgow school of art. The new teaching building designed by Mr. McIntosh is simple, elegant and modern, with almost no ornate decoration. It also references Scottish architecture and Japanese art. Modern architecture is said to have originated at the Glasgow school of art, designed by mackintosh.

In 1900, McIntosh accepted an invitation from the Austrian Vienna secessionists to attend the eighth Vienna secessionist exhibition. On the exhibition, mackintosh works exhibited by caused great repercussions in continental Europe region, and highly appreciated by the Vienna secession and warm hospitality, he met Joseph hoffman and other designers. McIntosh's work was also warmly received at the Turin international art fair in 1902, and he went on to show in Moscow, Russia, and Berlin, Germany. Despite his great success and undoubted influence on the continent, McIntosh's designs did not receive the attention they deserved in England, and his Glasgow projects began to dwindle. Few clients here are sufficiently sympathetic to expect McIntosh to help them design their homes and do the " master design" "of interior decoration. In 1914, owing to the shortage of construction projects and the economic constraints, mackintosh had to give up his design work and leave London for a temporary move to the small village of wolberswick on the coast of England. There, he created many exquisite watercolor paintings of flowers. In 1915, mackintosh settled in London. Over the next few years, McIntosh tried to continue working in architectural and other fields. His work was energetic and creative, but hardly noticed.

On December 10, 1928, mackintosh died in poverty and illness. Thus the century of the most individualized approach to architecture, represented by him in the glaswegian style, began to take its toll in a sad footnote.

Unlike the mainstream designers of the art nouveau movement, mackintosh does not like complicated curves, but prefers to use straight lines as the styling elements of his works, adding only a few symbolic decorative symbols that draw inspiration from nature to the details. Therefore, his works often give people a modern, simple, yet do not lose the sense of decorative interest. Besides, McIntosh is also good at combining various art forms organically, which is where his real ability lies. Although McIntosh's modeling language is so varied, it has always been around a central question of how to achieve modern, personalized design in harmony with industrial production. Mackintosh's exploration of this problem is shown in the following two aspects.

Mackintosh was associated with the art nouveau movement in concept rather than style. In his works, we can hardly see the shadow of historicism style, and it is also difficult to see the curving and complicated curvilinear design advocated by mainstream designers of new art movement. McIntosh uses a unique straight line as his main design element, which sets him apart from the mainstream designers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

There is a strong connection between mackintosh's straight-line style and Japanese art. In his studies of Japanese painting, he found that the simple interlacing of straight lines in Japanese art can also create a very beautiful artistic effect, which made him doubt about the claim that only the complicated and winding curves of new art movements are aesthetic. So he began to try to introduce Japanese linear aesthetics in his interior and architecture. Through constant experimentation, Macintosh eventually created a new style of straight lines. This straight line style ADAPTS to the industrial era for the design requirements of simple product appearance, in line with the trend of the development of The Times.

Looking closely at The Daily Record Building, built between 1901 and 1904, we can clearly feel the power of McIntosh. The decoration on the top of the building evolved from traditional Scottish architecture: the triangular corrugated roof, which is decorated with the water-drop pattern of the animal face, giving the building a solemn appearance. While in the facade of the building, McIntosh adopts the Celtic tree of life composed of green and red rectangular bricks to express the architectural metaphor. Despite its traditional form, the building is not lacking in a surprisingly modern look, with geometric block-faced Windows and bare steel girders creating novel features. In fact, the charm of this building lies in the combination of historical and traditional elements, modern design language and the personalized design method of McIntosh. Through the blending of these elements, Macintosh successfully created a new visual whole, whose charm existed in each element.

Beyond that, the details of the Glasgow school of art also show Mr Mackintosh's ability to meld various forms of art together seamlessly. The front of the building to the north has two lightsome balcony window, balcony window USES a combination of bay window and balcony, this way is not the original Macintosh, Nikolaus Pevsner in his book rationalism and the rationalism, points out that J M Maclaren Palace in London Court has used this way, the mackintosh is likely to be inspired by him; But the little bay Windows on the left side of the balcony window did not come from McLean, but rather from McIntosh's research on indigenous architecture in Scotland. The later design of convex Windows of McIntosh is also based on this design.

Look to the east facade of the school, where the organic mix of art forms continues. The top half of the simple flat facade has a striking little bowl-shaped window, which originated in Maybole Castle, Scotland, where mackintosh made a bold innovation by subtly pushing the little bowl-shaped window through a huge cantilever stone - a bizarre exaggeration of the original outline. At the same time, in order to integrate the theme of the window with the surrounding environment, Macintosh also interspersed the external surface of the structure with a very fine and novel wall surface, making it gradually transition to a completely different state. Through the blending of these elements, Macintosh successfully created a new visual whole, whose charm existed in each element.

Through the analysis of the example above, it is easy to find, although mackintosh interest is very extensive, but his this kind of design is done by independent thinking: he will be those who borrowed form of theme, in detail and layout in the form of a very novel and tries to change, and then into their design, finally forms the unique personal characteristics original language. In fact, what McIntosh hopes to do is to free himself from the constraints of traditionalism through the integration of these art forms. It is arguably a great attempt by mackintosh, and even the whole art nouveau movement against tradition.

Charles lennie mackintosh and the turn of the 20th century the other pioneers, keenly felt the changes brought about by the industrial era, he realized that must get rid of the old style factors in the design, create a new form of design for the design of industrial production of the new requirements. However, McIntosh also believed that the design should be suitable for the arrival of industrialization, but also to retain the human and personality factors. Therefore, McIntosh not only advocates using the straight line style adapted to industrial production in the design, but also integrates various art forms into it. This modern idea with the spirit of romanticism makes the works of mackintosh have a strong vitality, which has a great impetus to the modernist design movement.

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