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Quality in the United States

2018-10-27 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Quality in the United States,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国的素质教育。在美国的教育文献中,很难找到与素质教育相同或相等的专有名词。从宏观角度来看,美国认为素质教育是指以培育每位国民都具有理想素质为宗旨,并能有效达成此项宗旨的教育。美国中小学课程设置的综合化,培养目标、教学手段、教学方法的多样化,评估标准的科学化和多样化,学分制、差别化教育等都从不同侧面体现了美国的素质教育。

Quality,美国素质教育,assignment代写,essay代写,美国作业代写

In the American education literature, it is difficult to find proper nouns that are the same or the same as quality education. From a macro perspective, the United States believes that quality education refers to "education that aims to cultivate the ideal quality of every citizen and effectively achieve this objective". To understand the quality of education in the United States, we should comprehensively analyze and discuss the full picture of education from its education objective, school curriculum content and requirements, education program specially set by the government, as well as various legislation and specific measures related to education. The curriculum setting of American primary and secondary schools is integrated, the training objectives, teaching methods and teaching methods are diversified, and the evaluation standards are scientific and diversified. The credit system, differentiated education and general talent education model all reflect the quality of American education from different aspects.

The essence of American quality is to put what you have learned into practice. American elementary and secondary schools have a wide range of cultural and scientific knowledge. Take middle school as an example. English, mathematics, Chinese and natural science are all required courses. In addition to the compulsory courses, there are many optional courses to cultivate students' interests and abilities. Assignments for knowledge courses include classroom assignments and homework. The United States encourages research in elementary school. After learning a unit or a course, the teacher will ask students to make a "project", similar to the graduation design of college students, to improve students' ability to use knowledge. Primary schools focus on the cultivation of children's research ability to collect materials and ask questions independently. In secondary schools, the ability to determine research methods and implement research plans becomes the focus. In addition to knowledge courses, American elementary and secondary schools also offer courses to cultivate students' various abilities. For example, speech courses are generally offered from kindergarten to high school. Students need to consult a lot of materials to prepare a speech. Vocational education is a required course for primary and middle school students. Elementary and middle school classrooms are lined with tools for cutting and sewing, typewriters for secretaries and pictures for repairing cars. High school students also need to choose 10-credit vocational education courses according to their personal interests, and study in the community set up professional education center, and obtain professional education certificate after passing the grades.

Education in the United States does not ignore the shaping of students' ideological and political education, moral cultivation and sound personality. Since 2001, the United States has generally increased the weight of knowledge of American history and international understanding in related disciplines, strengthened the moral education function of the course and strengthened patriotism education. The federal education department's 2002-2007 education strategic plan, released in March 2002, reiterates the need to strengthen the political and ideological education for students and cultivate responsible, patriotic and high-quality citizens in the new era. American parents and schools also develop confidence, responsibility, compassion and an optimistic and open-minded character through various activities. Whether at school or at home, children are taught these values, whether consciously or not, and moral integrity has been internalized into everyday conscious behavior.

In fact, the education of American primary and secondary schools is the quality we pursue today education. The fundamental problem to be solved by education is to transfer the knowledge orientation to the track of the comprehensive development of the educated. Education is a education that makes every citizen have the ideal quality, reflecting the social and individual pursuit of education ideal. At the present stage, the implementation of quality education in China is to, under the guidance of the education policy, take the improvement of national quality as the fundamental objective, focus on the cultivation of students' innovative spirit and practical ability, and create the "ideal, moral, cultural and disciplined" all-round development of the socialist cause builders and successors.

American children "high-energy", an important reason is the culture of the United States, no matter how young children can put children first as a independent personality, independent will and aspirations, the rights of the child, ego and personality are fully respected, between adults and children, teachers and students is a kind of democracy, equality, harmonious interpersonal relationship. American schools advocate academic freedom, teaching freedom, flexible and open classroom teaching, and students can exchange views with teachers on an equal footing and even argue about issues. Students can put forward their own unique point of view, even if the wrong point of view, as long as there is new, can also give full affirmation and encouragement. American schools do not forbid teachers to express their own personal opinions, but limit teachers to use personal opinions as the criterion of right and wrong to influence students. American parents and teachers respect their children's choices, and even when it comes to winning or losing, they only offer enough advice, not alternatives. Thus, we wouldn't be surprised us software giant? Bill Gates why can feel at ease ground to withdraw from the university, to start my own a piece of heaven and earth society. American parents attach great importance to cultivating their children's independent personality. Roosevelt famously said, "in front of my son, I am not the President but a father." He objected to children's dependence on their parents for a parasitic life. He lets the children earn their own living in their own right. American children have been looking for jobs in their neighborhood since they were 7 or 8 years old, and have been trying to enter society since junior high school. Parents and schools in the United States also actively provide time and space for independent research and development of children's hands-on ability. They teach children to be independent and responsible for their own behaviors through various activities, especially sports activities. Because of their independence in personality, American children show excellent psychological quality, sense of responsibility, spirit of innovation and practical ability.

Japanese thinker fuzawa yuji said: "education is to teach people the way of independent self-esteem and open up practice." In fact, if there is no independent personality, there can be no innovative thinking and ability. The so-called innovation refers to the process in which the innovative subjects use new ideas and methods to do pioneering work and achieve results, while the creative thinking of human beings is based on the independence of thinking. Only by denying "parents' authority" and "teachers' dignity" can children dare to challenge, be good at learning and be willing to innovate. Therefore, we should respect and give children the following rights: the right to be education, the right to ask questions and understand, the right to say "no", the right to differ from others, the right to keep different opinions, the right to keep personal secrets, the right to develop their own personality and interests, etc. Of course, these rights are not absolute, there are corresponding conditions. At the same time, in the education practice, we should start from the personality of students, and to "character full of free development" for the purpose, to each student's individual difference, attaches great importance to students' personality, good at discovering personality, according to their aptitude, and explore the characteristics and advantages of each student and sparkle, provide favorable conditions for the development of each student.

A feature of education in the United States is to try every means to broaden children's horizon, so that they can connect with the society as soon as possible, in the process of contact with society, recognize their own value and determine their career direction. The national professional information coordination committee as early as 1989 issued the national career development guidelines, rules the career guidance from the beginning of the primary school, cultivate their professional consciousness, twelve, related to the job of child s ability training, let the child to the career development of the three links of understanding. A lot of families that have insight still hire as early as possible for the child enter a school adviser, undertake professional life is designed to the child from the childhood and career plan. Understanding the survival structure of real society, appreciating various professions in real society and accumulating social work experience play an important role in education of American schools. "Vocational interest analysis" is very popular in American high schools. Before high school, many schools conduct "vocational interest analysis" for students, helping them to analyze between "what they want to do" and "what they can do." Schools often have a "career day" where people from all walks of life are invited to introduce their work to children. In addition, April 22 is the "bring your kids to work" day, and many companies in the United States encourage their employees to bring their children between the ages of 6 and 16 to work on this day, so that children can learn and understand how their parents survive.

At present, the lack of career development education in basic education in our country, have not been able to in the child's childhood and youth in a timely manner to the rational, scientific, "lead" of career guidance, this not only makes students have no basic professional consciousness, no long-term career planning, and even the university stage also don't know what I want to do in the future. In fact, children will eventually go to the society. Their cognition of themselves and society, their profound understanding of the relationship between knowledge and career, and their ability to put their ideal life and career planning into practice are the most basic and necessary qualities for their survival and career success in the society. The cultivation of professional skills and qualities needs to undergo long-term training, while the establishment of life ideal and professional awareness must start from childhood and boyhood. Only when the fire of the ideal from the heart burns in the children's heart, will it become their huge internal motivation to strive for their career and achieve success.

The reason why American elementary and secondary schools can implement quality education consciously is related to the system of entrance examination and the social employment mechanism in the United States. The entrance examination system of the United States has the following characteristics: first, whether a student can go to university or to which level of university, mainly depends on the student's academic performance in senior high school for four years, and the SAT score and expert recommendation are only used as the reference conditions. The scores for each course in high school are composed of three parts: the usual class assignments and homework assignments account for 50% of the total score, the project exams account for 25%, and the section and term exams account for 25%. According to the proportion, the pressure of the students scattered in peacetime assignments and every project, students can get homework and projects exam score at ordinary times, instant exam and final examination is not ideal also ensures total score above class B, don't take SAT exam directly into the community college, take first must have a bachelor's degree, and then continue to pursue a bachelor's degree. Without the pressure of further study, the school has enough time and space to improve the quality of students. At the same time, students' scores are determined by the high schools themselves, so that the schools and students hand over greater autonomy in the recruitment and examination, schools can fully develop students' personality according to their own conditions and students' needs, and actually strengthen the quality of students education. Second, American students can take the SAT as soon as they enter high school, and there are multiple opportunities to apply to college with the best grades. Since the SAT is flexible in the number of tests and the recognition of scores, students do not have an excessive psychological burden. Thirdly, the recommendation letter is one of the measures of education system to encourage students to participate in social practice. The head of the social organization where the student's social practice is located will write a recommendation letter for these high school students as a reference for their ability to enter the university. Fourthly, in the United States, students who go to university are easy to enter and strict to leave, and they are eliminated in the middle term. Those who fail to pass the graduation certificate even if they go to a high-quality school will finally get no graduation certificate, which to a large extent guides the quality of education in middle school. In terms of social employment mechanism, the United States values personal ability and quality more than diploma. Even if a person does not have a diploma, as long as he/she has high quality and strong ability, he/she can still make use of it in the United States.

In view of this, to implement quality education in the true sense, we must strive to do the following two aspects: one is to further improve the system of exam of higher education, to give reasonable in colleges and universities enrollment autonomy, establish multiple examination evaluation system structure, creating a flexible way of examination and multi-channel parallel entrance channel, send out in line with the professional and comprehensive quality training capability is strong, with high potential talents, play to "the university entrance exam baton" of the guiding role of quality education, further weakening the role of pure knowledge orientation. Second, we should try to change the social employment mechanism based on academic experience. Essence, countries should formulate and implement as soon as possible new scientific talent and talent evaluation standard, the whole society and the socialist market economy as soon as possible that meet the needs of diverse, flexible employment mechanism becomes very XueLiLun value orientation for the ability theory of value orientation, exert the social mechanism of choose and employ persons to the guiding role of quality education.

The success of American quality education has its own social foundation. First, as a result of economic development and social progress, higher education in the United States has entered the popularization stage, and the supply-demand contradiction of higher education basically does not exist. Second, the standard of social employment has changed from the theory of education to the theory of energy. Due to the restriction of China's current level of economic and social development, the reform of the system of entrance exam and only XueLiLun the change of the social mechanism of choose and employ persons will not happen overnight, as a result, in the true sense of the implementation of quality education needs to be a long time, but at least we can be a lot of inspiration from the basis of the American education, further defined the direction of future efforts to quality education in our country.

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