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Assignment代写:Goethe's Faust

2018-09-10 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Goethe's Faust,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了歌德的《浮士德》。歌德是德国著名的诗人,而《浮士德》则是他创作的一部长达12111行的诗剧。《浮士德》是一部展现自由,自我本身的作品,写于一个充满中世纪氛围的沉闷而落后的社会,其间法国发生了震荡世界的资产阶级革命,欧洲进入工业革命的大转变中,此书充分表现了资本主义特色。

Faust,浮士德,assignment代写,paper代写,美国作业代写

John Wolfgang von Goethe is a famous poet in Germany. This article with its poetic drama work Faust to text, combining with social background, using the perspective of existentialism, give priority to with characters, themes, writing performance is complementary as the principal part of analysis to explore the "humanistic consciousness" of the text and the manifestation of "freedom", the analysis of the Faust in the work of man's existence and freedom to reveal, highlight its realism and romanticism feelings.

The core concepts of Sartre's existentialism are "human existence" and "freedom". That is, all the characteristics of human beings are not innate, but created by free people according to their own will. Therefore, existentialism is a theory that gives human existence, freedom, dignity and great importance, and affirms human subjectivity.

In "existence and nothingness", "human existence precedes human essence" is expressed. "freedom" is set as human essence in Sartre, which refers to pure conscious activities characterized by subjectivity and transcendence. Human existence itself means freedom, and human beings have absolute freedom. Note that absolute freedom does not forfeit the universal principle of collective obedience, that there are multiple choices in a situation, one can choose any one of them, and generally the choice is for oneself, for another, for all mankind.

Faust is a work of freedom and self. Faust, a poetic drama about the dreamer and the developer, is divided into one act overture, two gambling contests, and five tragedies of Faust's pursuit of entering the world. This work is written in a dreary and backward society full of medieval atmosphere, during which France experienced the bourgeois revolution that shook the world and Europe entered the great transformation of the industrial revolution. This book fully shows the characteristics of capitalism. Faust emerged from the closed study, realized the spiritual ascent in the constant negation, demonstrated the lofty in the tragedy, and permeated with the emotional vitality of the continuous breakthrough, development and creation of the free spirit.

Existentialism pays attention to consciousness and life, and often pits human's psychological consciousness against social existence and individual reality. As the only authentic existence, it emphasizes self-perception, centers on the id and fully affirms human's free nature.

Foreign literary works have always been known for displaying human characteristics such as original desire. In particular, in Faust, the self-consciousness is not the representation of human beings in god, but the transformation of ordinary people in the process of divine nature.

The first strong sense in Faust is the concept of "human". God is manifested as the trinity of "god -- reason -- man". The outer core image of religion represents the lofty image of the combination of beauty and goodness beyond and above. God is the most perfect and beautiful person. The image of Faust as the subject has the essence of "original desire - human". Many fragments in the poem show the original desire of human beings and return to nature. The devil, on the other hand, is inclined to the characteristics of "demon - reason, original desire - man", which has the manifestation of desire and, to a greater extent, shows the rational aspect, the realistic image of religion. General reason is the positive nature of beauty, goodness and wisdom. The reason here shows the other side of man's reason, namely the evil reason, namely the person who exaggerates the collection of evil. In the study, mephistopheles extolled the subjects of "logic and theology" to the students who came to study, while the subjects of "nature" were neglected. To sum up, the whole work does not blindly pursue the religious dogma, unification, reflects the strong humanistic awareness.

Sartre considered the nature of literature as free, pointing out that "whether a writer writes essays, articles, satires or novels, whether he talks only about personal emotions or attacks the social system, the author, as a free man, appeals to other free men, and he has only one subject: freedom". This shows that Sartre defined the nature of literature with freedom and existence, highly emphasized the tradition of freedom and fully affirmed human's free nature. And this freedom is often good for society and the world.

In Faust, the works show the consciousness of Faust's self and human consciousness. In the initial original desire, this "ego" consciousness turns to the "larger ego" of history and becomes an ideal, ideological and social person, whose essence of self-consciousness is to pursue freedom.

In the work, Faust emerges from the study, aware of the undefined and endless character of knowledge, and starts to practice and make a bet with the devil. Since the beginning of the tragedy of love, it has shown personal desire, love, politics and classical beauty. But in the end, Faust's desire to reclaiming land from the sea and transforming nature for human service reflects the human side of society, which is no longer limited to the individual's current needs, but turns to the historical and social needs. Features shown below:

Faust tried to avoid the religious people are accustomed to the idea of god's supreme divinity, and pursue the desire of self at will.

It shows the over-idealization of classical aesthetics, and emphasizes self-expression, freedom and innovation.

In artistic creation, Faust fights against artistic habits and breaks through the grand perspective of traditional drama. The main character features are relatively common, and the main character does not have the aura of hero, which does not directly indicate Faust's metamorphosis, and is finally saved by the angel, which is quite ordinary with profound meaning.

These self-expressions are exactly the expression of the pursuit of freedom. Some of them break free from the shackles of religious and social traditions, seek new ways out, and pay attention to the perspective of the self, both in the content of the works and in the form of expression. While this kind of freedom shows a tragedy, Faust in the pursuit of freedom, seeking the truth of the world, but brew a tragedy step by step, which highlights another theme, the paradox of freedom.

Faust's paradox of freedom is an idealization of Sartre's theory of absolute freedom. The approach of relative freedom is to follow the way of nature while mastering certain scientific theories in the process of pursuing freedom. According to Sartre, one of the deeper motivations of literary writing "is that we need to feel that we are the dominant force in the world". The key word is "in the world". Sartre shows absolute freedom, while freedom definitely contains relativity. In "Faust", Faust is always making his own choice.

The tragedy itself lies in the paradox of freedom. The paradox of liberty is that liberty itself is not free. One is that freedom itself is endowed with freedom; Second, the restriction of freedom cannot escape, real freedom does not exist. The limits of natural matter and the incongruity of needs for existence are just as knowledge can never be fully mastered. So in the pursuit of the realization of self-consciousness is to follow nature, use nature to achieve relative freedom, avoid unrealistic. Freedom here refers to the spontaneous activity under the whole personality. The cultivation of healthy personality is constantly cultivated and grown under the continuous social progress. Spontaneous activity is the activity of free will and self-realization. The way to achieve self-consciousness embodies the constant struggle between man and nature.

In the process of pursuing freedom, one can realize freedom by following the way of nature and adopting correct methods while mastering certain scientific theories. Specifically, the way to achieve relative freedom is personality: love; Spontaneous activities: scientific production activities to transform nature. Faust had love, but the productive activity was wrong.

Sartre's existentialist liberalism is atheistic philosophy, but it has an irrational and idealized utopian side. He narrated the essence of literature from the perspective of imagination and fiction, and understood literature as an unrealistic imagination creation, so it was beauty. However, the concept of "interventionism" indicates that the freedom of people who require literature and art to fight for can only be the freedom of existentialism, that is, absolute personal freedom divorced from objective necessity. This pursuit of absolute personal freedom is in itself contradictory to involvement in social life. Second, Sartre exaggerates people's subjectivity as a decisive force, and this positive attitude will impact on the reality of undependent depression and inability to fulfill aspiration. It is a kind of fantasy that exaggerates people's absolute freedom and ability.

The mistake of production led Faust to a fork in the road, empty enthusiasm, but did not reach the other shore. In "Faust", Faust is blind. After being blind, Faust mistakenly thinks that the people are still working for his great achievements. He feels satisfied and is deceived, implying the blindness of idealism.

During the development of the work, Faust gambled with the devil, went out of the study, and sought a free way out, but actually accompanied the devil. The original intention is good, and it is not a bad thing to satisfy one's desire, but it relies on the power of the devil and has the nature of overreaching. Eager to achieve with blind faith, relying on shortcut, lack of down-to-earth starting from the actual situation, on the contrary, covered its starting point of beauty. Reclaiming land to serve the society is "big me" and "big love", but for the ideal goal, it hurts people but makes it difficult to escape the fate of feudal tradition.

This point is just like utopian socialism, which established the ideal blueprint, but was restricted and defeated by realism. The implementation of the ideal in the wrong way is only a shell, not based on the actual situation.

In the end, though Faust loses, he is saved by the angel. This shows that the pursuit of the ideal of freedom is worthy of affirmation, but it needs the guidance of "angels" to go on the right track.

Conclusion: in general, Faust not only embodies Sartre's view of freedom, but also exposes the paradox and fantasy of Sartre's absolute freedom. The ideal of "freedom and equality" should be adapted to the demands of the bourgeoisie. At the same time, it should guide those who are trapped in the idealism to get lost. They don't want people to be addicted and depressed.

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