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Assignment代写:Environmental protection and economic development

2018-09-07 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Environmental protection and economic development,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了环境保护与经济环境保护与经济发展的关系是彼此依托、相互推进的,环境是经济发展的基础和制约条件,经济发展对环境的变化起主导作用。如今,现代经济发展不得不面临环境保护问题,所以环境对经济的良性发展有着重要的正面意义,同时二者又是矛盾的。要处理好二者的关系,就应当通过提高环境保护意识,提倡绿色生产生活方式,坚持经济发展与环境保护并举。

Environmental protection,economic development,assignment代写,paper代写,美国作业代写

The modern economic development has to face the problem of environmental protection. The environment is of great positive significance to the benign development of the economy. In order to properly handle the relationship between the two, efforts should be made to maintain the sustainable development of economy and society by raising awareness of environmental protection, advocating green production and life style, adhering to the combination of economic development and environmental protection, accelerating the construction of environmental infrastructure and strengthening environmental protection law enforcement.

At present, the contradiction between economic development and environmental protection is becoming more and more acute. Failure to answer definitively about the relationship raises a host of questions. If we assume that development is economic growth, so that the economic growth rate increases for a while, but more serious problems of environmental pollution emerge. Who comes first and who comes second in terms of economic growth and environmental protection? Without a clear understanding of the relationship between development and the environment, the direct result is that the environmental protection work has become hot and cold, and it has become a circular work, which needs to be "centralized control" and "special action" to fight the "war of annihilation". Environmental protection inevitably falls into the situation of "lag, aftershock, passivity and remedy" to some extent. If we find the balance point between development and environment, deal with the relationship between the two, take environmental protection as an important part of economic development planning, realize the synchronization of environmental protection and economic development, and achieve the win-win result of economic development and environmental protection.

The development based on market system has been proved to be the most effective way in the existing economic development system. However, the resources on which the economy depends are gradually being depleted, and the environment on which human beings and other creatures depend is deteriorating. In the market, there are many economic entities, which may be individual farmers, township enterprises, state-owned enterprises or government departments. They are trading with each other, getting their own needs in the deal, with little regard for the interests of third parties. At the same time, the process of environmental damage is slow. Only when it reaches a certain level, will the environmental damage show sharply, but it is too late to make up for it. Because environmental damage is irreversible and asymmetrical. Once the damage has occurred, it may be permanently impossible to recover, or even if it can, it will be costly. However, in the market, there is no market price information to remind people to save resources and protect the environment. Therefore, environmental protection must rely on the external environment, namely the party and the government's macro-control. The report of the 17th national congress of the communist party of China pointed out the direction for environmental protection in the new era. Ecological civilization requires us to synchronize development with environmental protection when dealing with the relationship between economic development and environmental protection, ensure sustainable economic development and take the road of scientific development. The core of sustainable development is development, but it requires economic and social development under the premise of environmental protection and sustainable utilization of resources. Development is the premise of sustainable development. Sustainable and long-term development is the real development. The economy needs to develop and the environment needs to be protected. Environmental problems cannot be solved by stopping development, nor can they be solved after economic development, but by implementing the scientific concept of development and taking the road of sustainable development in the process of development. The blue sea, blue sky and green mountain and green water make people feel comfortable, but what we pursue is the blue sea, blue sky and green mountain and green water under the condition of highly developed economy and society and extremely high living standard of the people. Therefore, the problem we face is not whether to develop, but how to develop better. We should protect the ecological environment in development and ensure the sustainable development of economy and society with a sound ecological environment.

Economic growth and environmental protection are a pair of dialectical relations of mutual promotion and mutual restriction, and their contradictory relations will always exist. On the one hand, it is necessary to accelerate economic development and realize industrialization and urbanization, which will inevitably lead to over-exploitation of resources, environmental damage and increase of pollutant emissions. On the other hand, as the economy develops and people's living standards improve, we have entered the development stage of building a well-off society in an all-round way. At the same time, a good environment is a necessary condition for sustained economic and social development. Even in the field of production, modern civilized production, especially the production and circulation based on high technology, is difficult to carry out in the harsh environment. However, there is always a conflict between the ecological environment, social development and human needs: while the farmland is constantly decreasing and soil erosion is serious, the population is continuously growing, and the residential and industrial areas are constantly expanding. Natural resources and energy resources are scarce and cannot be exploited in an unrestricted way. Global warming, the emergence of abnormal and severe weather, while greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase. The development is also consuming the natural environment to a great extent. This kind of consumption can not all be recovered, such as the extinction or near-extinction of biological species caused by environmental degradation, or the irreversible ecological environmental cost that has been sacrificed in the development economy.

However, the contradictory relationship between environmental protection and economic development is not irreconcilable. The two can rely on each other and develop harmoniously.

Premier wen jiabao stressed at the sixth national environmental protection conference that the key to doing a good job in environmental protection under the new circumstances is to accelerate the realization of three changes. Second, environmental protection lags behind economic development and changes into a synchronous process of environmental protection and economic development. The third is to transform the protection of the environment mainly by administrative means into the comprehensive application of law, economy, technology and necessary administrative means to solve environmental problems. The realization of these three changes requires us to stick to the road of scientific development in economic construction. The traditional development mode of "pollution first, treatment afterwards" in western developed countries does not fit our reality. Environmental protection should be based on the actual situation of our country's current economic development and environmental protection, at the same time of economic development, to protect the advantageous resources and environment, timely develop ecological environment function, not beyond the carrying capacity of resources and environment conditions, under the precondition of without compromising the needs of future generations, for we need the development way of modern people.

Environmental protection and ecological construction, instead of simply starting from governance, should start from changing the behavior mode of human beings so as to change the mode of economic and social development and achieve a win-win situation of environmental protection and economic development. To achieve this goal, the first priority is to cultivate people's awareness of environmental protection. The survey results show that urban residents in China have an urgent desire and need to improve the ecological environment. It is a good phenomenon that urban residents are enthusiastic to participate in the construction of ecological environment. The main body of protecting the ecological environment is human beings. In terms of pollution and deterioration of the environment, human beings bear the inescapable responsibility. Therefore, human beings also bear the inescapable responsibility for the protection of the ecological environment. The work of environmental protection is inseparable from the general public. We need to mobilize the whole society to participate in environmental protection and give full play to the role of public opinion in guiding and supervising environmental protection. First, environmental protection publicity should be widely carried out to guide the public to realize the importance of the harmonious development of man and nature, create a good atmosphere for the whole society to care for, support and participate in environmental protection, and promote and popularize the production and lifestyle required by building a resource-saving and environment-friendly society. Second, information such as the status quo of environmental protection, environmental quality and enterprise environmental behavior should be disclosed to ensure the public's right to know. We will further improve the information disclosure platform, promote openness in environmental affairs, and make public announcements on environmental protection laws and policies, project approval and case handling. For planning or projects involving public environmental interests, it is also necessary to organize seminars, hearings, listen to public opinions, accept the public's supervision, and effectively guarantee the public's right to environmental participation and supervision. Third, we will introduce specific measures to ensure people's participation in environmental protection. We can recruit environmental supervisors to the society, guide the establishment of civil society organizations for environmental protection, encourage the public to report and expose environmental violations, expand and expedite the channels for people to report environmental problems, and improve environmental protection hearings and public interest litigation, thus setting up a platform for various social forces to participate in environmental protection. In this way, the change of ecological and environmental protection concept from "want me to protect the environment" to "want me to protect the environment" enables people to realize the importance of protecting a good ecological environment from their hearts, and then participate in environmental protection consciously and choose a green production and lifestyle.

Environmental protection should always be an integral part of economic development planning. Environmental protection cannot be a cyclical "check", but a basic task to be resolutely carried out throughout economic development. And environmental protection measures, like economic development measures, should be implemented to produce tangible results. In the environmental protection planning, environmental protection measures should be refined, and in particular, environmental function zoning, resource recycling, pollution control, pollution prevention and ecological protection should be highlighted. For enterprises with high pollution, an environmental pollution warning mechanism should be established. Once the pollution emission is close to the danger warning value, warning, notification and other measures should be taken to remind relevant enterprises to pay attention to prevention and control. Through the environmental protection system established in the development planning, it can play an important role in the environmental work in practice.

All local departments should strictly adhere to the threshold of environmental protection in the work of attracting investment, and firmly push back projects that do not meet the requirements of environmental protection, so that economic development "benefits in the contemporary era, with achievements in the future". In the face of economic globalization and the global industrial structure adjustment and transfer, as well as the world's new technological revolution, especially the opportunities brought about by information revolution, we should be rational, serious environmental pollution for the industry or business, even can bring good economic benefits, also the mark of environmental protection should be strictly, strict environmental access system. New projects must conform to the provisions of the state environmental protection requirements and emissions standards, after a complete and scientific conclusion does not meet the requirements of the us environmental protection project is determined to stop, the backward enterprise or its process of serious pollution, the equipment to increase the intensity of selection, never for a moment of economic benefits at the expense of the ecological environment.

We will continue to pursue a new type of industrialization and accelerate the transformation of the pattern of economic growth. With the continuous improvement of investment environment in various regions of China, more and more investors will come to China for investment and development, and various industrial clusters will be formed. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the starting point of technology according to industrial technology policy, adopt clean production technology with low consumption of energy and materials and low production of pollutants, and eliminate prohibited equipment and technology. It is strictly forbidden to import hazardous waste and household refuse from overseas into China. We will strictly guard the environmental protection threshold of heavy polluting industries, and gradually introduce heavy polluting industries to develop into scientific and technological environmental protection industries in accordance with the actual situation of development.

In regional economic development and urban planning, it is necessary to allocate sound environmental protection infrastructure. The construction of environmental protection infrastructure and economic construction should be planned, constructed and used simultaneously. If conditions permit, the construction of environmental infrastructure should be moderately advanced and the space for construction and development should be reserved. The planning, design and construction of environmental protection infrastructure should be planned from a high starting point and constructed with high standards. On the basis of the investment of the existing environmental infrastructure construction, we will accelerate the construction of urban sewage treatment and recycling projects, urban production and household waste treatment projects, and air pollution monitoring facilities to effectively deal with the threat of environmental pollution faced by industrial clusters and economic development.

In the process of environmental law enforcement, the responsibilities of the departments should be straightened out, and the coordination and integrity of environmental supervision should be strengthened. All departments should be fully mobilized to actively cooperate with environmental protection. The environmental protection department should strengthen the comprehensive environmental management, unify the environmental planning, unify the law enforcement supervision, release the environmental protection information to the society in a timely manner, and practically guarantee the people's right to know and to supervise the environmental protection. Companies or individuals who violate the law and damage the environment should be punished according to the law to make examples. The environmental protection department should also take environmental policy assessment as a routine work to evaluate the effect, efficiency, impact and synthesis of environmental policy implementation in due time, and feed back to the decision-making department for reference. Environmental law enforcement personnel should strictly enforce the law, protect the ecological environment, maintain the balance between economic development and ecological environment, and protect the interests of the people to the maximum extent from the Angle of the basic national policy of environmental protection and the height of the sustainable development strategy. We will strengthen oversight of law enforcement, resolutely enforce the law strictly and investigate violations of the law, and strictly investigate and punish environmental law violations and crimes. Comprehensive use of various environmental regulatory measures, prevention and control, to achieve total environmental control.

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