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Assignment代写:American graduate student education

2018-08-02 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- American graduate student education,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国的研究生教育。美国研究生教育的发展非常迅速,其博士学位有传统研究型、一级职业学位等类型。传统研究型博士以研究高深学术为主要目标,适用于绝大部分学科。而一级职业学位其培养目标不是指向学术研究,而是指向完成一定课程学习后的职业实践,反映的是高层次的职业水准。此外,美国的非全日制研究生发展迅速,国家的教育体制鼓励成年人继续接受教育。

American graduate student,美国的研究生教育,assignment代写,paper代写,美国作业代写

At present, the quality of postgraduate education in China needs to be further improved, and education needs to be constantly reformed. Education of American graduate students is recognized as a successful model of education in the world.

From 1901 to 2007, 271 Americans won the Nobel Prize, making it the largest number of Nobel Prize winners in the world. They have made the most outstanding contribution to the progress of human science and technology, and also proved the success of education system in the United States. Education, a graduate student in the United States, has been recognized as the essence of education in the United States. It is generally agreed that the education level of graduate students represents the education level of a country to some extent, reflects the development and reserve of a country's intellectual resources, and marks a country's ability to compete in science, technology and economy. Education has also been developing vigorously in recent years in China, with the continuous expansion of enrollment. The quality of postgraduate education has become a hot issue in universities and society. The research on education of American graduate students can help us better understand the deficiency of education of Chinese graduate students, and actively absorb, learn from and explore the formation characteristics and successful experience of education of American graduate students in a targeted way, so as to improve the current education training mode of graduate students and further improve the quality of education of graduate students.

Education has developed rapidly in the United States. Since the 1980s, it has awarded more than 300,000 master's degrees and 30,000 doctoral degrees annually. Doctor's degree has the traditional research type, the application research type, the first class occupation degree and so on. The traditional research doctor mainly aims to study advanced academic research, which is applicable to most subjects. Applied research doctorates are mainly distributed in applied fields, including nearly 50 types of doctor of education, doctor of law, doctor of public health and doctor of engineering. The primary vocational degree is also called the occupational doctor, and its training goal is not to point to academic research, but to the professional practice after completing certain courses, reflecting the high-level professional level, which is parallel to the research doctor. In addition, part-time graduate student has developed rapidly in the United States, the state education system encourages adults continue to accept education, not in office to study a degree and a full-time student to discriminate, at the same time, the American university also the graduate courses are set between 4 PM to 7 points, make on-the-job personnel to attend class in no time. More than 50 percent of graduate students in the United States are on the job.

The United States attaches great importance to exchanges and cooperation among schools, universities and the international community. Almost every day, there are various kinds of academic reports, seminars, lectures and so on in American universities. At the same time, American universities attract outstanding talents from all over the world to the United States to accept education. According to statistics, one of the two graduate students in the United States is a foreign student, and foreign teachers who teach in American universities account for a large proportion. In the 1980s alone, there were 300,000 scientists who moved to the United States from all over the world. The classroom of American university is like a place where all kinds of cultures and ideas blend freely. Although the color of skin is different and the clothes are different, there is no racial and ethnic boundary and estrangement.

Graduate students in the United States will receive an admission manual when they enter the university. There are compulsory or optional courses for each major. For example, the educational doctor training program of the university of new Mexico stipulates the curriculum setting of relevant professional fields and puts forward the requirement of completing the program for four years. The main task of the first two years is to take courses under the guidance of professional tutors. There are compulsory courses and any courses you want to take. In the third year of college, students comprehensively enter the scientific research work of relevant subjects. After completing the scientific research, they will summarize the scientific research results into a doctoral thesis, and then explain their scientific research results through the defense, and obtain a doctor's degree.

American graduate student education attaches great importance to the study of basic theories. While participating in a large number of scientific research work, graduate students must take courses of basic theories according to the different conditions of various disciplines and majors. At the same time, to practice and training target, subject research direction related courses and seminars, to help them make good discipline knowledge, understanding academic frontiers, master the methods of engaged in scientific research, and is beneficial to develop the academic horizon of the doctoral students, inspire creative inspiration, to find and determine the value of the subject, for the high quality and scientific research of innovative.

The education concept in the United States attaches great importance to and encourages students to analyze and deal with problems in different ways, and this concept has played an incisive role in the education stage of graduate students. The teacher's lecture is very concise and enlightening, often throwing questions to students, encouraging students to find their own answers and discuss with each other. American college classes are more like seminars than lectures you said I heard.

The United States has relatively perfect scholarship, financial aid mechanism. Graduate students typically have to pay for education, while doctoral students typically use scholarships and grants from state, federal, industrial, university, non-profit and other social organizations to solve economic problems

American universities usually offer some financial aid for students to apply for, but different universities make different rules to decide which students get it. The university of new Mexico, for example, has grants for Hispanic students.

Foreign students in the United States are generally funded by teaching or research assistants. The national foundation of the United States sends most of the funding for graduate education to university teachers in the form of contracts for research projects. Some of the funds teachers receive can only be used to pay graduate students or postdocs to help them complete their research tasks and objectives. As the research assistant or teaching assistant of the professor, the graduate student completes the research project of the tutor or assists the professor to complete some teaching work, thus obtaining the corresponding labor subsidy, which is used to pay the tuition fee and living expenses.

The evaluation of American graduate student education is divided into two aspects: one is the evaluation of whether the graduate student is qualified or not, and the other is the evaluation of university graduate student education level.

American universities have strict review procedures and quality assurance measures for doctoral students and have formed a multi-level quality assurance system. It is required that doctoral students should master the development trend of science and technology at home and abroad, explore new technologies, new technologies, new methods, new ideas and new theories, especially emphasize originality, and refrain from repeating the projects already carried out by others. In addition, the American society is also a very trustworthy society. If a doctoral supervisor graduates an unqualified doctoral student, it will greatly damage his personal reputation and that of the research institution.

In the United States, there are also many social institutions independent of the government and education institutions that evaluate and certify undergraduate education and graduate education. The degree certificates issued by universities and education institutions recognized as unqualified cannot be recognized by the society.

There are many problems in China's postgraduate training. We can learn from the successful experience of education in the United States and reform China's postgraduate training system based on China's national conditions. The standards and types of postgraduate education in China are too monotonous, mainly education for scientific research graduate students. The major and discipline Settings are not reasonable. In the future education of our graduate students, we should set diversified training goals, and truly teach students according to their aptitude and make the best of their talents, instead of confining talents in a unified mode, so that the training of talents can truly meet the needs of the society. Education has few funding channels and low investment, far from meeting the practical needs of graduate education. My personal study and work experience have proved that it is a luxury for an adult to go off the job and go to college and get a graduate degree. If adults can study and discuss with traditional students, it is beneficial for both sides to make progress, which has been proved in the higher education in the west.

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