代写范文

留学资讯

写作技巧

论文代写专题

服务承诺

资金托管
原创保证
实力保障
24小时客服
使命必达

51Due提供Essay,Paper,Report,Assignment等学科作业的代写与辅导,同时涵盖Personal Statement,转学申请等留学文书代写。

51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标

私人订制你的未来职场 世界名企,高端行业岗位等 在新的起点上实现更高水平的发展

积累工作经验
多元化文化交流
专业实操技能
建立人际资源圈

Assignment代写:The U.S. congressional committee system

2018-07-11 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- The U.S. congressional committee system,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国国会委员会制度。委员会制是美国国会运作的重要方式,委员会在立法过程中具有举足轻重的分量。由五百多名参众两院议员和数十个委员会组成的美国国会,一直被视为美国民主政治的基石,是美国政治体制中最复杂、最重要的环节。作为民意的代表机构,国会的主要职权通过下设的委员会来实际掌握和执行的,可以说委员会体制是美国国会的核心,是国会行为真正的组织者和实施者。

congressional committee,美国国会委员会,assignment代写,paper代写,美国作业代写

Important ways to congressional committee system works, as congress "of the central nervous," committee has a very important component in the process of legislation, is worthy of the name "the courts of the court". Combined with one of the most influential committee of the senate, the council on foreign relations, analyze the evolution of a congressional committee system and its features and functions, to help us more thoroughly to interpret the United States congress.

The U.S. congress, which consists of 535 members of both houses of congress and dozens of committees, has long been seen as the cornerstone of American democracy and the most complex and important link in the American political system. Institutions as a representative of the public opinion, congress's main functions and powers such as legislation, supervision, the fiscal power is by committee consists of the actual master and implement, to say the committee system is the core of the U.S. congress, is the real congressional behavior organizers and implementers. No wonder, Wilson would say, "our polity can be described in the simple term 'the government of the chairman of the standing committee of congress'."

Today's commission in the United States congress system plays a policy decision and the key role of balancing of interests, interest groups, the government and the public, media and other places of various forces, has been dubbed the "gatekeeper" congress, "congress decision-making center", "congress in action" and so on the title. But in congress early in its history, the role of the committee has not been appreciated, even no regulations about commission in the constitution, it is only for the convenience of congress, and mostly belongs to temporary committee, once one end of the legislative process, has been dissolved.

The first standing committee of the congress was established in 1789 by the house of representatives. By 1810, there were only 10 permanent committees in congress. The senate has been slower to set up permanent committees, which until 1816 had only four. In dealing with the special committee frequent changes of temporary inconvenience for reform of the senate in 1816, 11 standing committee has been added, one of the senate foreign relations committee is in the reform according to Virginia senator James it put forward a resolution. As one of the earliest senate committees, the council on foreign relations was once called the senate's "first class committee".

With the deepening of congressional committees institutionalization, and by the end of the 19th century early 20th century, the extreme commission agency, not the number of the standing committee have increased dramatically, and mastered the greater power resources, and even the chairman of the committee has also been labeled as "prime minister" the U.S. government. Since then, although the number of congressional committees has decreased after the integration and reorganization, the function of the committees has been further strengthened and their independence has been strengthened. At the same time, decision-making within the committee has shifted down. Congress in the 70 s after the reform, more specialized commission system, power is also more diversified, the enormous subcommittee had mastered the essence of legislative decision-making, the senate and house of three-level system of the mature, in the traditional sense of the congress committee of "government" is gradually replaced by "the government of the subcommittee on".

From the temporary agency to become the system core, from monopoly legislation power to power again dispersed, the committee in the process of the evolution of the series, always runs through decentralization of power and power struggle. Under the guidance of the constitution aimed at restricting the power of the government and safeguarding the freedom of the people, decentralization has become the mainstream trend in the development of the committee system. Accompanied by the original after the establishment of the federal system and territory, especially with the rapid development of the economy after the civil war and the process of modernization of the country with the trend of increase in the number of bills, legislative task is aggravating, inevitably asked congress to adapt the time request, to reform. Authority as a representative of the public opinion, congress subcommittee on and there are many is like a huge fine tentacles, can make it in America such a complex pluralistic society recognizes complex interests of social each stratums, and to provide rational political decisions of congress institutionalized channel. Commission system, therefore, development of decentralization of power of congress, to a certain extent, is conducive to the stability of the political and social stability, but also led to excessive decentralization bloated, competition between each committee brings serious internal friction, impact the efficiency. This contradiction is more apparent in the modern committee system.

There are four main types of committees in congress: the standing committee, the special committee, the joint committee and the committee on conferences. According to congress in 2011, the congress with a total of 52 committee, including 20 in the senate standing committee, five special committee, and four joint committee, and the house of representatives in the 21 two standing committee and special committee. Among them, the standing committee is the core of the committee system and is generally divided by function and field. For the most part in congress bill before submitting to vote on the senate and the house meeting, go through a certain commission for examination and approval in advance, and this link is the key stage in the process of legislation. Because at this stage, committees and subcommittees have the power to eliminate bills, they are called "the graveyard of bills". According to statistics, there are about 15,000 bills submitted by each congress, more than 95 percent of which die in the committee stage due to lack of support. The committee and its subcommittees actually act as gatekeepers to congress.

When a bill is submitted to the committee, the committee has the option of rewriting it, adding amendments, voting against it, or even shelving it. In a modern committee system, this power of the committee is more in the hands of its subcommittees. Subcommittee in after receiving the legislative tasks, can through the way of a hearing, widely understand the legislation background and related personnel, representatives of interest groups and experts, opinions, and on this basis, with its professional knowledge in the field to modify, add, bill and in the form of a review report to the committee for or against a bill reasons. The committee examined the bill from a larger perspective and decided whether it should be submitted to the general assembly for a vote. Owing to the inheritance and development of the independence and professionalism of the committee, the decision-making of the subcommittee is often respected by the committee and the general assembly of the court, and its legislative authority is fully recognized.

The organizational structure of the committee generally consists of the chairman, vice chairman and members of the committee. Among them, the chairman of the committee is the real power holder in the committee, usually assumed by the most senior majority member of the committee. Committee chairman in the commission has long-term work experience, its duration could last more than a dozen years, even decades, which makes them the experience, professional knowledge, networks, and degree of mastering the agenda has incomparable advantages, it is also an important source of power to the chairman of the committee.

In general, the chairman of the committee has the following powers: to determine the agenda of the committee and the priorities of the bill review; Controlling the funding and staffing of the commission; Decide which group the bill should be referred to for review; Submit the review report of the committee. In the setting of the committee's agenda, the chairman of the committee may decide whether to consider a bill. For example, for its opposition to the bill, the way he can arrange hearings by refusing to kill in the bud, or is in the hearing process to arrange more bill opponents spoke and witness, so that it is at a disadvantage. If the chairman of the committee approve or to support a bill, he can actively coordinating committee bipartisan stance, shortening the time of the hearing, urged members to improve efficiency and so on the most priority to act as a commission. The chairman of the committee can exert great influence on the form in which the bill is eventually reported to the general assembly of the court and the timing of its debate. "The enhancement of the role of the committee and the self-reliance of the committee and the high position of its chairman have led people to refer to the system of the committee as the system of the general public of the committee in a pun." This speaks volumes about the monopoly of power of the chairman of the committee in his particular field. As the subcommittee institutionalization, previously held by the committee of power gradually shifted to subcommittee, especially in the bill of first trial link, subcommittee chairman replace the chairman of the committee as the key role. The "personal rule" of previous committees in both houses of congress has evolved into more discussion between committee chairmen, other members and subcommittee chairmen. But the chairman remains a key figure in the legislative process.

Clavitz has pointed out that the formation of the basic characteristics of the congressional committee system depends on two basic conditions. First, a decentralized, free political party system. In reality, the composition of members of the committee and subcommittee is according to the congressional lawmakers from both parties proportional distribution, so in any policy issues need to commission the internal mutual cooperation and coordination between the two party members.

Look from to the members control ability, the party power is more dispersed, the future of the MPS more linked with voters and personal qualifications, so within the committee's decision, MPS has the relative power of freedom. In addition, in terms of the relationship between the two parties, the governing party and the opposition party in the British parliament are in hot water and seldom cooperate with each other. And America's committee system, lawmakers from both parties to negotiate, cooperation for more work mode, to a certain extent, played down the party mood, easy to establish a more relaxed harmonious between members of the private nature of the relationship, political compromise in favor of reach across party lines. Such a decentralized political system would be of great benefit to the deliberations of the daily bills within the committee. "This makes the MPS can more objectively analysis the advantages and disadvantages of the bill, rather than leave bill to debate the abstract principle, also makes the lawmakers from both parties to be more responsible attitude to coordinate their positions, compromise and concessions to ensure consistent as far as possible, and the commission itself attitude and position are consistent or not, is the bill in floor debate whether through the key". Thus it can be seen that America's decentralized two-party system plays an important role in improving the unity and efficiency of the "divide and rule" congressional committees.

51due留学教育原创版权郑重声明:原创assignment代写范文源自编辑创作,未经官方许可,网站谢绝转载。对于侵权行为,未经同意的情况下,51Due有权追究法律责任。主要业务有assignment代写、essay代写、paper代写服务。

51due为留学生提供最好的assignment代写服务,亲们可以进入主页了解和获取更多assignment代写范文 提供美国作业代写服务,详情可以咨询我们的客服QQ:800020041。

上一篇:Assignment代写:Financial managem 下一篇:Assignment代写:The behavioral fi