代写范文

留学资讯

写作技巧

论文代写专题

服务承诺

资金托管
原创保证
实力保障
24小时客服
使命必达

51Due提供Essay,Paper,Report,Assignment等学科作业的代写与辅导,同时涵盖Personal Statement,转学申请等留学文书代写。

51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标

私人订制你的未来职场 世界名企,高端行业岗位等 在新的起点上实现更高水平的发展

积累工作经验
多元化文化交流
专业实操技能
建立人际资源圈

Assignment代写:Roosevelt's idea of collective security

2018-05-31 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Roosevelt's idea of collective security,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了罗斯福的集体安全思想。罗斯福早期的集体安全思想体现在他对国际联盟的看法上。他虽然继承了威尔逊的一部分自由国际主义思想,但从一开始他就是一位务实的理想主义者。他要建立的集体安全体系与威尔逊的集体安全概念具有本质的区别。依靠的是一种以划分势力范围,并建立一个大国主宰下的联合国为基础的多边合作战略。

collective security,Roosevelt,assignment代写,美国作业代写,作业代写

Arthur schlesinger wrote in the journal foreign affairs: Roosevelt was a faithful Lord Wilson, he believed that the collective security is the ultimate goal of national security. His wartime policies ensured that the United States became a member of the United Nations. America expert wang wei on his "American diplomatic history, Roosevelt's diplomatic thoughts and diplomatic planning is built on the basis of international cooperation, international cooperation is the starting point of his, he realized" the American century ", set up under the leadership of the United States the main way for world peace. While domestic scholars have paid attention to the realistic aspects of Roosevelt's diplomatic thoughts, they lack systematic elaboration. The author in this from the league of nations to the United Nations in the process of creating, traces the evolution of the view of collective security, Roosevelt shows that Roosevelt collective security collective security thought has the essential difference between ideas and Wilson.

Roosevelt's early ideas of collective security were embodied in his views on the international union. On his way home from the Paris peace conference, two conversations with President Wilson changed Roosevelt's worldview. He began to accept Wilson's idealism and collective security, actively support the United States to join the league of nations, and that it is the only way to ensure lasting peace, is a realistic choice, rather than what he said earlier the league of nations was a utopian dream. Unlike Wilson, he recognized the league's shortcomings. In a speech in 1919, he confessed: "I have read the covenant of the league of nations three times, and every time I read it, I find some of it objectionable." This suggests that Roosevelt saw the covenant as an experiment, not a magic formula for peace.

Roosevelt's shift came about after he announced his candidacy for President in January 1932. In newspaper magnate William hurst attacks and threats, Roosevelt suddenly announced to give up in the early years of the international union for the point of view, on February 2nd, Roosevelt said in a speech in New York state, in view of the nature of the league of nations has changed, it is no longer for international organization and the maintenance of world peace and, therefore, the United States at this time should not join the league of nations.

The author thinks that, Roosevelt's diplomatic thought the cause of the change, nothing more than the following: first, the beginning of Roosevelt in the White House, the first is facing a major crisis make holes in the United States, he consider first is domestic economic problems, diplomacy in the extremely important position, so far as to say that considering the foreign also very immature; Second, Roosevelt became more enamored of the state's plan to intervene in the economy and lost confidence in international cooperation to promote economic recovery. Third, the change of political identity made it necessary for him to struggle between isolationism and Wilson's cosmopolitanism in order to strengthen the unity of political forces within the country. Fourth, the public diplomacy indifference objectively to Roosevelt caused a broad decision space, it is the best fuzzy his position, more efficient use of public sentiment to consolidate his political capital. Roosevelt's so-called "idealism" awash with a realistic consideration, all he does is to overcome the crisis of domestic purposes, however, but harm the long-term interests of the country, and the harm are evident in the not long time. Britain strengthened its "imperial preferential system", France raised trade barriers, rampant fascism and actively to the penetration of Latin America, Europe and Asia world armament expansion escalating, the international union for the tottering.

As the New Deal began to bear fruit, the dollar began to stabilize, the domestic economy began to improve, and the time for diplomatic adjustment had come. In January 1935, the President asked congress to approve again to join the international court of justice in the United States, although less than 7 votes short of the two-thirds majority by the senate, but he thought this was a turning point of American diplomatic, it will push the Roosevelt the opposite of isolationism, instead of the round defeat contributed to his thoughts and the change of position. To sum up, during this period, from 1919 to 1919 was Roosevelt germ of an idea, collective security diplomacy than Wilson, look more realistic, his diplomatic strategy has always been to the American national interest as the primary basis points. But on the basis of reality, he is different from the radical realists, eager to make contributions, and not eager to promote the league of nations and push the United States to participate in the international political arena. The change of his thinking on collective security diplomacy reflects the national strength of the United States and the reality of the great powers expanding their armed forces before the second world war.

Ii. The maturity of Roosevelt's collective security thought: 1935-1944

The development of Roosevelt's idea of collective security in wartime can be divided into two stages. In the first stage, the interim transitional arrangement for the establishment of a permanent collective security system by the great powers police was proposed. The second phase is the formal integration of the idea of a major police force into the proposed international organization around the Tehran conference.

Due to the influence of shadow by President Woodrow Wilson failure, Roosevelt early in the second world war broke out, still not considering the problem of international organization, but to seek a new method to ensure international peace, then the powers of the police system. In the Atlantic conference in August 1941, when Winston Churchill was the post-war goal put forward to build a "effective international organizations," franklin Roosevelt opposed, instead, clearly put forward the system of British and American police thought the maintenance of world peace. Internationalists, he admits, are certainly opposed to such an arrangement. In his view, however, there was a possibility of re-establishing the organization of the league of nations in the future, but it was too early. Even if such an organization were to be rebuilt, it would not be fully utilized in dealing with security issues. Because institutions such as the general assembly of the league of nations are too big to be useful, there is disagreement. Such an institution can discuss issues, and it is appropriate for small states to make their recommendations and grievances, but only large states can take responsibility. "During the second world war", therefore, starting from Roosevelt considering the future of international organizations, his vision was completely different from President Wilson's collective security thought, he treats the core of the international organization has always been a big power concept. In 1942, he developed the original idea of classifying Russia and China as police states, thus forming his idea of "four police systems".

Roosevelt by Moscow's foreign ministers meeting held in the autumn of 1943, "the declaration of the four countries published officially announced to the international community to establish the idea of the universality of international organizations, in Tehran conference held in later, he repeatedly discussed" 4 p "thought. This indicates that he has adopted the "four-police system" as an indispensable component of the brewing international organization.

From 1944 to early 1945, the plan to create the United Nations gradually materialized. Roosevelt let his "four polices" ideology influence the post-war plan of the United States. In the summer of 1944, the dumbarton oaks conference, meeting, to draft the articles of association of the post-war international organization, the file gives power has a special status in the United Nations security council, is responsible for the security, the five powers of military commission. These provisions were in line with Roosevelt's police advice. So this document basically reflects Roosevelt's vision of post-war international organizations. At the Yalta conference, Roosevelt fully embodied the idea of "great power rule" in his collective security thought when dealing with the legacy of the dumbarton oak park conference. The first is to establish the principle of great power consensus on the question of veto power. Second, it agreed to the requirement of the Soviet union to hold three seats in the general assembly on the question of membership of the great powers. Although Roosevelt soberly realize that his powers peace concepts and americans about the idea of international organizations there is a large gap, but he told the United Nations role in the future to ensure international peace placed high expectations. Above all, it is widely believed to be President Roosevelt took the torch, Woodrow Wilson led the United States forward, established the international organization is dramatic, and ironically, Roosevelt gave his realism system based on power dominate the peace, but he was later generations has been regarded as the ideal international order of the designer. In short, Roosevelt's american-led post-war collective security system seeks to build a new international political order. Although he inherited some of Wilson's liberal internationalism, he was a pragmatic idealist from the beginning. The system of collective security that he wanted to establish was fundamentally different from Wilson's concept of collective security. He relies on a multilateral cooperation strategy based on the division of spheres of influence and the establishment of a United Nations dominated by a great power. Roosevelt claims that the five countries in the region within the scope of the exercise of power, the United States in Latin America and the Soviet union in eastern Europe, Britain and France and its colonial territory in Europe, in east Asia, China and the global international problem is the core of the security council through the UN to solve. Therefore, from this Angle, the Roosevelt to build a new world organization, to what extent not because he believes that Wilson's doctrine about the effectiveness of the collective security, but that the organization is involved in international affairs in the United States, set up the American leadership essential tools.

51due留学教育原创版权郑重声明:原创assignment代写范文源自编辑创作,未经官方许可,网站谢绝转载。对于侵权行为,未经同意的情况下,51Due有权追究法律责任。主要业务有assignment代写、essay代写、paper代写、美国作业代写服务。

51due为留学生提供最好的assignment代写服务,亲们可以进入主页了解和获取更多assignment代写范文 提供作业代写服务,详情可以咨询我们的客服QQ:800020041。

上一篇:Assignment代写:Chopin's music st 下一篇:Assignment代写:Bohemian style