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Assignment代写:The formal beauty of composition

2018-05-17 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- The formal beauty of composition,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了构成的形式美。形式美是美的事物的外在形式所具有的相对独立的审美特性。构成的形式美不是一种自身独立的美的形态,它渗透于美的广泛存在领域。构成的形式美规律也不是一成不变的。随着人类审美活动的深入和审美能力的提高,构成的形式美规律也会不断地丰富和发展。因此,我们要善于发现、认识构成的形式美规律,以有效地指导我们的审美实践活动。

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There are no absolute rules in the design world, but basic design principles and universal rules are required in both plane composition, color composition and three-dimensional composition. It not only develops our innate design talents, but also enables us to be keenly aware of the form and its interrelationship. In this paper, based on the composition of form, color, line, shape, sound and other research, analysis of summing up the aesthetic rule of composition: harmony, change and unity, symmetry and balance, and harmony and contrast, rhythm and cadence, proportion and scale, etc., which is not the eternal law of design, but through the above research, can better guide our practice, enhance the aesthetic feeling.

Formal beauty is a relatively independent aesthetic characteristic of the external form of beautiful things. Concretely speaking, formal beauty refers to the various perceptual forms factors in nature, life and art, such as color, line, form, sound and so on.

Beauty is not simple geometric formulas in mathematics, is not a universal standard "gravity", it is in the production of human long-term labor practice, formed in the process of its formation and development is not a pure natural process, but the human aesthetic appreciation and aesthetic experience the results of the precipitation. In the whole process, the person has the dominant function, although the formal beauty is not specific to the specific object, is only a common form characteristic, but is full of human life color. Therefore, we can not apply the formula only in the practical application of the formal beauty rule, but we should strengthen the accumulation of experience and improve our aesthetic ability.

About formal beauty, many people will it limit of graphic design art, actually otherwise, the plane composition, color composition and three-dimensional form three aspects, the law of formal beauty is worthy of our in-depth study and discussion. Before talking about the law of formal beauty, we first understand the composition of formal beauty, mainly including color, line, form, voice and so on.

Color is a visual response to an object after its action. Color is emotional, it can affect people's mood state. For instance, yellow, red gives a person with warm, festive feeling, blue, purple gives a person with cold, mysterious feeling, black lets a person feel depressive, green again positive, full of life. At the same time, color is symbolic. Red symbolizes revolution, black symbolizes death, white symbolizes purity. And as the Chinese traditional "bearing color" : east blue north, south red, white, black, medium yellow, and in the Peking Opera "blush table loyalty, a black table unswerving and blue face table strong, white face table treacherous, gold and silver face table genie" and so on, all reflect the color of the unique properties.

Lines, lines, curves, and folds. The three kinds of lines give people different feelings, and the line represents fortitude, fortitude, and straightness. The curve represents lightness, smoothness and softness, and the line represents direction, turn and change. For example, Greek architecture USES straight lines, Romanesque building multi-purpose curves, gothic building multi-purpose intersection into sharp oblique lines, three architectural styles give people a completely different feeling.

The form, consisting of lines, has a plane and a three-dimensional point. Whether it is a plane or a three-dimensional form, different structures give people different visual aesthetic feelings. Square or square body gives a person to be straight, square is feeling, round or ball gives a person with smooth, perfect sense, the triangle gives a person with safe and stable sense, and inverted triangle gives a person with the sense of crisis tilting.

Sound, unlike color, line and form, appeals to hearing. Sound has certain influence on human's nerves, blood circulation, pulse rate and breathing activity, and there is a corresponding relationship between human psychology and physiological mechanism. The voice is low, fast and weak, giving people different feelings. In general, the bass is heavy and deep, the high pitch is high; The strong sound is lifted, the weak tone is soft; Fast, slow, slow, slow.

The formal beauty consists of harmony, change and unity, symmetry and balance, harmony and contrast, rhythm and rhythm, proportion and scale, etc.

Everything in the universe, big to the sun and moon, small to atomic structure, although they form a kaleidoscope, but all have their own laws of motion. As Einstein said, the universe itself is harmonious. In the process of human's long-term aesthetic practice, harmony is regarded as the center of aesthetic connotation, and the form of formal beauty derived from it cannot be separated from this center.

Harmony refers to the unity of many contradictory elements within and between things. Harmony can make people happy, harmonious beauty can be created. The 6th century BC, the ancient Greek Pythagoras mathematical study rule, found the chord length and the proportion of timbre beauty, and pay attention to the plants, animals and humans have a coordination rule, thus summarizes the famous "golden rule" : 1. 618. The Parthenon in Athens, Greece, and Notre Dame DE Paris, France, the whole and part of the building accord with this law. This proportion is regarded as an aesthetic measure, and it finds the right distance between two things. In fact, the same is true for people, the so-called "middle way" is "just right". For example, tai chi is a model of harmony.

In nature, changes and uniform laws govern the rise and fall of the sun, the changes of the moon and the growth of life. In the same way, in the design aesthetic activities, the change in the unity, in the unity of change, this is the general rule of formal beauty.

Change refers to the morphological elements of different properties and stands in sharp contrast. Such as the size, length and depth of contrast, the change is lively and vivid, rich and varied. Unity refers to the tendency to form a consistent or consistent pattern by means of different, similar or similar morphological elements, according to certain rationality and regularity. Unity is harmonious and stable, simple and serious. Change is contradictory and unified relation of interdependence, like Bruno said: "if this material world is made up of entirely alike parts, can't is beautiful, because beauty embodied in the combination of a variety of different parts, beauty lies in the diversity of the whole." The unity of too much of the same can be boring, and the unrestrained change brings chaos and disorder, and only the balance between them creates the vividness.

Change and unification are used in the artistic modeling, the perfect modeling must have the unity, it can enhance the modeling and harmonious beauty. At the same time want to be rich change, otherwise meeting drab, single board, 100 no interest. Especially in solid form, to seek change in unity, seek unity under the chaos, chaotic things piled up there, with no any artistic beauty, and is too unified into rigid.

The law of symmetry and equilibrium is the most simple and classical aesthetic standard of mankind.

There are symmetrical forms everywhere, such as the human body, the wings of birds, the leaves of flowers, and so on. Symmetry refers to the occurrence of equal, identical, or similar situations on either side of the center or center line. Symmetry is divided into point symmetry and axisymmetric symmetry. Symmetrical shape on the vision has natural, stable, homogeneous, coordination, neat, elegant, solemn and perfect simple beauty, in line with the habits of people's vision, is widely used in real life.

The palace buildings and memorial halls in the past dynasties are masterpieces of symmetrical architecture, which reflects the sense of solemnity from two aspects of function and expression. In front of tian 'anmen square meters and the jinshui bridge, the imperial palace, the building of the tower and so on also adopted symmetrical layout; Athens paltiel agriculture temple and the United States Capitol in Washington, although different countries in different periods of different architectural styles, its symmetry form aesthetic feeling on the understanding and the performance all roads lead to Rome. Equilibrium is a variation of symmetry, which can be followed by no law. It is just a psychological feeling. It is only the balance of size, weight, color and other elements in visual judgment. The composition of equilibrium has a dynamic sense, which shows the change and is more free and lively than the symmetry. Chinese calligraphers often use inscriptions to adjust the balance of the picture, other such as bonsai, flower arrangement, interior decoration often use the balance of formal beauty laws. Balance of the horse step swallow is the eastern han dynasty masterpiece of beauty, the horse's three legs were taking off, there is only one hind leg stepping on the back of a fly, due to the tilt Angle of pegasus and body weight ratio before and after equilibrium, thus in the dynamic, and to have a balanced beauty.

Harmonization and contrast are the two states of contradictory movements. Harmony is the tendency to unify in the change, and the contrast is in the change. Harmony gives a sense of harmony, fusion, and peace. It is a feminine beauty. Contrast gives a person with clear, striking, uplifting feeling, belong to manly beauty.

Harmony and contrast are embodied in the form, color, material, virtual space and other aspects. The harmony and contrast of the form, the cleverness is to take various forms from the basic form, and make the basic form to be emphasized. It is typical of the pyramids of ancient Egypt and the pantheon of ancient Rome. Color, material, empty space and so on are similar situation.

The rhythm and rhythm of the formal beauty rules, and the rhythm and rhythm of music, its aesthetic connotation is completely consistent. Rhythm refers to the fact that things are orderly and regularly repeated in the process of movement. Rhythm refers to the rhythm that is endowed with certain emotional appeal on the basis of rhythm. Rhythm is the simplification of the form of rhythm, and the rhythm is the richness of the form of rhythm. In nature and human society, there are also many phenomena of rhythm and rhythm, such as sunrise and sunset, monthly loss, three meals a day, orderly living, gradual change of veins, repeated waves and so on.

Gradual change is the most typical form of rhythm and rhythm, and simple elements can also form a strong sense of rhythm by increasing or decreasing a certain aspect. It is worth mentioning that rhythm and rhythm are a kind of magic power, which has strong visual appeal and can guide people's vision.

Proportion is the quantity relation between part and part, part and whole. Symmetrical proportions produce a harmonious beauty, and a maladjusted ratio leads to deformity. Such as the proportion of the characters of Chinese painting is "seven sit five three and a half", the picture of the proportion of is three together five match, the proportion of painting landscape is "zhang mountain, ft tree, horse, people", this is to seek a reasonable proportion relationship, beautiful effect.

Scale refers to the scale that people take to measure things on a scale. Reasonable and aesthetic measure can arouse people's psychological pleasure, achieve aesthetic consensus. The scale also has the natural scale, the superhuman scale and the kind scale. The natural measure is to restore the natural size of things and reflect the objective facts; Superman's scale is to expand things as far as possible, reflecting a majestic force, like the Buddha in a temple. A kind measure is to make things to the right size, to achieve a sense of intimacy.

The scale and scale are widely used in the three-dimensional composition, for example, in order to show the sacred majesty of the church, the scale of its building scale is enlarged, and its characters are in sharp contrast.

The above has made a brief analysis of the formal beauty law of composition, and the form beauty is not an independent form of beauty, it penetrates into the wide area of beauty. The law of formal beauty is of great value and function to human aesthetic activities. At the same time, the form of formal beauty is not absolute and invariable. With the deepening of human aesthetic activities and the improvement of aesthetic ability, the form of formal beauty will be constantly enriched and developed. Therefore, we should be good at discovering, understanding and studying the form of formal beauty rules to effectively guide our aesthetic practice activities.

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