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Assignment代写:The space and time art of cinema

2018-05-09 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- The space and time art of cinema,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了电影的时空艺术。在电影艺术中,时间总是存在于空间构造的基础之上的。通过电影,时间名副其实地成了空间的工具。一部优秀的影片常常会通过把握故事的环境氛围来衬托影片脉络,然后选择极富视觉冲击力的形象元素来构建一个具有整体感的空间构架。如果电影建立了一个非常完整而且合理的空间构架,那么影片的时间艺术的线索会得到完美的呈现。

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If you want to list the most direct and effective carrying modern society and the richest of the world cultural heritage task art means, then only the movie the audio-visual combination, with time and space image recording ability of carrier is enough. The film not only conveys the history of our past, but also conveys ideas and imagination about the future. It is not only the time art, but also constructs a rich picture in all kinds of changing time factors to show the complete screen image. It is also the space art, which can delineate various stereoscopic images in the picture, which has the outstanding expression of attracting the audience. Referring to the seventh art declaration by giotto kanudu: "a film is a comprehensive art that includes both time art and space art."

The importance of time art has always been emphasized at home and abroad. Therefore, the film of traditional techniques also tends to impact the audience's vision by emphasizing various timeliness changes. In the 1968 science fiction film, for example, in "2001: a space Odyssey, director use a lot of time, turn from ape to human astronaut of course according to the development of linear time, divided into the four movement to narrative, especially at the end of the film actor David watched their ageing, until in transparent crystal sphere spawned a new life, star child. The montage technique to rapidly changing through time, will be the film's philosophy center to get incisively and vividly express: the end of life is death, but time didn't end, death is but the beginning of another new life.

The emphasis on time art films has a strong ability of plot performance, which has always influenced domestic and foreign film creation. Famous American film masters Griffith created "narrative montage", this kind of movie film narrative method, the most commonly used to plot, event display as purpose, according to the time the process of the development of the plot and causal relationship to cutting lens, scene and the paragraphs, so as to guide the audience understand the plot. It is a clear, logical and coherent creation method that has a profound influence on world films. Compared with the development history of China, it can be seen that most of the story films in China have constructed their own movie views according to the development of the plot. This is a kind of linear development mode, the three-dimensional development of the space merely serves as the attached vase, making the audience of the audience lack sufficient imagination space. After all, the film art is different from the ordinary literary works, and the artistic definition of the film and the way of lens creation are doomed to form a more complex space and time structure. It must form a comprehensive art of sports time and space through various lenses, shapes and sounds.

In film art, time always exists on the basis of spatial structure. "The film takes time and space to go further, and time is really a dimension of space," said art historian elifur. Through movies, time is literally a tool of space. Thus, a good film is often through the atmosphere of the story to foil film context, to select the image of extremely rich visual impact elements to build a space frame with integral feeling. Like director James Cameron's film "avatar", the film of up to nine hundred feet on Pandora towering old trees, colorful, full of magic lush rain forest, there are various kinds of bright light plants, plus with the hallelujah mountains floating in the sky, just like the dream of fantasy garden show in front of, these environmental modelling will film rich imagination show incisively and vividly, will also be stated clearly story background and developing direction. Neville tree of people in the home, in particular, in the interior of the monolithic tree building depth, intertwined, like a maze, the display of the environment, both symbol neville close contact between people, also with the film sensors set complement each other. As Screen International puts it: James Cameron's success has been to see the director as the creator of a unified image of his work. In almost every film he creates a new aesthetic form or technological innovation with imagination. And avatar, it is because of the director to set up a very complete and reasonable space frame, build makes the space environment of the space can accord with the characters' emotion and mood, hidden in the film, the intrinsic emotion extension in space environment, the art of time clues to get the perfect present.

But not every director is James Cameron, and it's not easy to create a space that fits the theme of the movie. By turning simple plane images into creative stereoscopic impressions, early filmmakers have left many valuable lessons in both theory and practice. Use traditional drama aesthetic Angle of view, for example, with unique camera records and reveals that through the environment perspective and section combination, give priority to with short shots, highlight the prospects and deep shot long focal length lens, to maintain continuity of time and space and in the foreground of clarity, create a moving true presence, opened up the space field of vision. Found a gun in the film, there is a very typical lens structure of the space performance: actor Ma Shanzai driving a motorcycle in the middle of the night to be a clue to the missing gun and trace, at the same time, the lens slowly by mashan driving motorcycle switch to the panorama of mashan image space: lens simulation shows the protagonist see road and the roadside scenery, lens drift, shaking indefinite, hazy feeling. Subjective view of the long rendering, vividly conveys the hero mashan, due to the loss of gun and began to doubt the subjective emotion of everything around him, the Angle of doubt vividly recreates the right now, can only exist in the human brain consciousness of the abstract, the character psychology depicts lifelike. The next shot, aimed at the road, continues to move forward and constantly toggles the short lens of the protagonist's inner life: the protagonist's wife and son wave goodbye to him, the gaze of silent gaze flickers. Because of the loss of guns, ma shan's distrust of people has seriously affected his normal communication with the people around him. The car continues to move forward and the camera cuts into the subjective picture again. Not far from the camera flashes a gunman's back, which is shaking as the horse's motorcycle jolts. This lens makes the audience feel empathy, fully reflects "I must find the gun, or the life of the people" anxiety anxious.

Of three groups of lens will switch the film hero "doubts" psychological stereoscopic display, through the real space in the picture, to express the plot content, reflect the activities of the characters and psychological state provides credible basis, recreates the outstanding unique real space in the film.

In addition to the montage of the lens, the film's formative art from the beginning to the end is also one of the ways to enhance the sense of space, which is the fundamental of space art. However, how to promote the art of plastic arts, expand the film space, sublimate the emotional tone of the film, and become the subject of many directors' life exploration. Michelangelo antonioni, Italy's famous modernist director, gave the best demonstration of what he called a "no-plot". He abandoned the traditional narrative technique and used the symbolism and metaphor in the film, especially through the surrounding environment and buildings to reflect the change of the characters' emotions. For example, in "red desert" in 1964, almost every shot is filled with a lot of color, which is a metaphor for the lost and hopeless emotional world of the heroine. Strange color and solid industrial buildings will be the worries of the film performance incisively and vividly, the most prominent is abrupt, almost black industrial building up human: those who braved yellow smoke chimney, black old machines, crisscrossed rust pipes... These lifeless, cold modern industrial products made antonioni's picture composition. The little heroine is in these unemotional buildings, all neurotic ACTS are against the modern industrial society. Antonioni by capture the various details, will be revealed the psychological state of distinctive characters, and special images and scenes, and further establish out the characters' emotion, what makes the movie's charm exudes a deep.

As a medium of communication, architecture in the film often produces a unique and unique effect in the film space. Whether it is science fiction, adventure, literature and art films, action films or documentaries, and even to all types of movies, buildings are as indispensable elements, become the important front for director space fantasy. In terman guidance director walter in Germany in Berlin - metropolitan symphony is mentioned: aside their material reality, building metaphor has been a must for the movie thought. It could even be said: "architecture is a frozen music."

Architecture is not just a stage for film stories, it often has acting talent that many good actors do not have. Such as expressionism famous movie "the clay figurine elder brother even", in this story of 17 th-century Prague, famous architects Pulitzer as designers of the main film building, continuous arrangement will be in the movie houses and streets of the city, and design a giant building shaped like shell, as the main interior of the story, make the whole movie of the buildings around a strange and terrible atmosphere, copy is like medieval gothic gloom hovering around of the soul. From this, the building becomes "the angry face, the house between some kind of a hermit and the hand talk". Through the strong performance of the building, the space modeling of the film becomes the three-dimensional coagulation in the hands of the artist, and becomes a kind of expressive organic form.

However, the modern film space has already gone out of the studio, the camera records the real world, more of those fleeting moments. And the space scene of building construction is the most straightforward language of the film, which is often the means to show these bright points. For example, there are scenes like this: a typical qingshi street, surrounded by houses, and a pool of stagnant water reflecting the yellow light in the foreground. Scenes like this can happen in inglourious basterds moment before the jewish girl determined to revenge: dim light through the glass reflection no expression on her face, she watched the quiet street, the in the mind waves, a carriage drove by, crushing the calm water, the girl's face to hide in the dark. Can also occur in the live show, "auspicious street: a-mei carelessly sit by the window on the second floor, the in the mind secretly contemplating business today, downstairs double Yang standing on high heels, sound is ringing, but accidentally stepped on the puddles, break the light, to a" collapse ", also brought the opening show of auspicious street night market. These seemingly minute scenes are close-up in the film's lens. It can be said that the film holds the audience's attention, while the space scene of the building is the cornerstone of the audience's imagination and reality, a strange psychological obsession.

The spatial modeling of the building is reflected in the continuous exploration of the camera, which extends both the film's own space and the movement that the building has never had before. As a model of art, architecture is no longer just a boring story background, but a golden supporting role in film performance. It changed people's impression of the film space art, improved the space construction of the film, and made the film have a lot of expression and emotional appeal. "Can't you make a passionate film about the Paris city plan?" wrote walter Benjamin in "arcade DE Paris."

In the film's time, everything is a passive existence, but in the space of the film, the free imagination can stretch in any direction. It is with the infinite imagination of space modeling that the film presents a rich and colorful world in the time. Only in this way, the comprehensive art of inhering the culture in the era of modern civilization can go to the wider and deeper art world! Film art is the pursuit of the eternal theme of the film art of space and time, its aesthetic value is far beyond our vision, carries on the constant exploration and innovation is one of the important channels of film creation, this is we each a literary history of humanity.

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