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Assignment代写:Enterprise accounting information system internal control

2018-04-24 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Enterprise accounting information system internal control,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了企业会计信息系统内部控制。不同企业面临着不同的经营风险和财务风险,而会计信息系统内部控制有利于降低这些风险,使得企业损失减少。任何企业在经营过程中都会不可避免的面临这些风险,如果企业缺少有效的内部控制知道,会增加企业面临分享的概率。如果企业重视会计信息系统内部控制工作,参照企业实际情况构建一套完善科学的会计信息系统内部控制体系,可以使得企业会计信息系统内部控制公司增强,在一定程度上能避免发生损失。

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In ancient times, human beings organized activities to control the people and activities in the organization, and then the internal control began. The original structure of internal control was presented in ancient Greece, ancient Egypt and other regions. During the period of medieval capitalism, enterprises also began to use internal control to manage, so that the internal control development space became more extensive. The internal control of the enterprise's accounting information system is conducive to the continuous operation of the enterprise, which can avoid and reduce the occurrence of accounting fraud cases. Therefore, it is necessary to study the internal control of enterprise accounting information system.

Enterprise's internal control of accounting information system development process is divided into four stages, respectively is under the way of manual accounting internal control, accounting information system under the IT environment of internal control, accounting information system under the network environment of the accounting information system internal control and internal control of accounting information system under the ERP environment.

Under the traditional environment, the accounting data of enterprises are mainly carried out by manual processing. In this period, the internal containment system runs through the company's activities. The internal containment system is highly concerned with checks and balances and decentralization, which can help to achieve the goal of mis-correcting fraud by inhibiting the occurrence of errors or corrupt practices due to excessive centralization. In addition, when implementing organizational activities, the company needs to have a clear division of labor, cross control and cross-check each economic activity.

In the IT environment, compared with the manual accounting system, the internal control of accounting information system is more controlled than the computerized system. In addition, the method of storing accounting data information has changed, and the magnetic medium has become the carrier of accounting data information. In other words, under the accounting computerization processing mode, due to changes in accounting data processing method, makes the storage also corresponding change, the accounting information system risks becoming a variety of forms, and make the accounting information system internal control difficulty is bigger.

Under the network environment, the enterprise use electronic computer by means of network accounting data transmission, the transmission way easy to produce accounting data were unauthorized tampering, are more likely to make accounting data destruction or theft. Enterprise accounting data must be authorized control, also can through information encryption, the safe warning, firewall and so on should be established to strengthen enterprise internal control of accounting information system, which makes the enterprise accounting information system be protected.

In the ERP environment, the accounting information system requires the professional level of accounting professional. Accounting practitioners should not only master the accounting, accounting and reporting, but also provide the internal control factors and accounting information of the accounting information system of the accounting enterprise.

In China, relevant laws on the internal control of enterprise accounting information system are formulated. These laws are mandatory for enterprises. Enterprise according to the relevant national law rules on strict needs of enterprise internal control, makes the enterprise when designing the business process and organization distribution affected, thus affecting the accounting information system of the enterprise internal control.

The accounting information system internal control work is by our country's financial regulation, and accounting information system internal control work in the region is to be responsible by the local financial departments at all levels, different levels of supervision on the accounting information system of enterprise internal control requirements are different. Therefore, supervision plays an important role in strengthening the internal control of enterprise accounting information system.

Enterprises in different industries face different business risks. Manufacturing accounting is the most complex, and the processing of financial information and business processes are higher than other industries. Therefore, the internal control of accounting information system in different industry enterprises is different.

The enterprise? Economic activity and the internal management influenced by enterprise management style, make differences between different enterprises internal control system and rules, will affect the enterprise the effective implementation of the accounting information system internal control. Some enterprise management to adopt the method of power is greater than the method of management, authorization or malicious letting employees to tamper with the enterprise's accounting information system, make the financial report information distortion, which affects the enterprise accounting information system internal control.

Different enterprise system of internal control of accounting information requirements are different, some companies put the accounting information system internal control is the most the first work, by making relevant rules and regulations to improve the accounting information system internal control of enterprise target, the purpose of further prevent accounting fraud. Also some enterprise system only related to the system, not the specific implementation of the system and related measures, formulate the system in order to deal with related regulatory inspection, so as to make the enterprise's accounting information distortion. Therefore, the importance of different enterprises to the internal control of enterprise accounting information system affects the internal control of enterprise accounting information system.

Different corporate cultures also affect the internal control of the accounting information system. Because, the enterprise culture determines the mode of operation and management method of enterprise economic activity, make the internal control system and regulations formulation is affected, thus makes the enterprise accounting information system of internal control effectiveness is affected.

Different enterprises are faced with different business risks and financial risks. The internal control of accounting information system can reduce these risks and reduce the loss of enterprises. Any enterprise will inevitably face these risks in the course of operation. If the enterprise lacks effective internal control, it will increase the probability of the enterprise to share. If the enterprise attaches great importance to the accounting information system internal control work, with reference to build a set of perfect scientific enterprise actual situation of accounting information system internal control system, can make the enterprise accounting information system internal control company strengthen, to a certain extent, can avoid the loss. Due to the management of the enterprise the management activities and management way to play the role of a decision, make enterprise internal control system and regulations affected, will affect the effectiveness of the implementation of enterprise accounting information system internal control. As a result, companies can manage their businesses in a democratic way and let management hear from their employees. This is conducive to the implementation of enterprise accounting information system control work, avoid the adverse impact.

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