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Assignment代写:Russia's Central Asian policy

2018-01-05 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Russia's Central Asian policy,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了俄罗斯的中亚政策。在21世纪初期,美欧等西方国家向中亚渗透,导致中亚国家发生了“颜色革命”,对俄罗斯在中亚的战略利益造成了严重挑战。为此俄罗斯对其中亚政策在外交、军事、经济、文化等多方面做出新的调整,采取了多种反制措施,从而有效地抵御“颜色革命”向周边国家蔓延,俄重新掌握对中亚事务的主导权。

Central Asian policy,中亚政策,assignment代写,paper代写,留学生作业代写

In the early 21st century, Western countries such as America and Europe infiltrated into Central Asia, resulting in a "color revolution" in Central Asian countries, which posed a serious challenge to Russia's strategic interests in Central Asia. To this end, Russia to the Asian policy in the diplomatic, military, economic, cultural and other aspects of the new adjustment, adopted a variety of countermeasures to effectively resist the "color revolution" to the surrounding countries spread, Russia regain control of the Central Asian affairs of the dominant power.

The unique geopolitical status of Central Asia has made the region a place for the world's great powers to compete. With the increasing conflicts of interest between the United States and Russia in the world, the geopolitical game in Central Asia is becoming more and more intense. In order to prevent the success of Russia's integration policy to the CIS, especially Central Asia, to effectively curb Russia's global power recovery strategy, Western countries such as the United States and Europe to promote the democratic transformation of Central Asia, led to a "color revolution" in Central Asia. Although the "Color Revolution" in Central Asia has harmed Russia's strategic interests in Central Asia, but Russia took advantage of this historical opportunity to take the initiative to intervene in Central Asia strategy, the use of a variety of countermeasures, so the United States not only to achieve the expected democratization of Central Asia, but to make Russia "regain lost ground", Russia again dominate Central Asia affairs.

Russia, as one of the victims of the "color Revolution" in Central Asia, should first prevent the "color revolution" in Central Asia from spreading to the periphery, especially in the country, and secondly, to counter the geopolitical challenges posed by the "color Revolution" in Central Asia to Russia. In the context of the "color Revolution" in Central Asia, Russia has made new adjustments to its Asian foreign policy:

First, before the occurrence of the "Tulip Revolution" in Kyrgyzstan, Russia contacted the Gig opposition in advance, striving for a pro-Russian opposition in power, and effectively defending Russia's interests in Gig. After the "Tulip Revolution" broke out, Russia facilitated the cooperation of various factions in Kyrgyzstan. Then, in the "Andijan events", Russia stressed that it should be differentiated, effectively improve relations with Uzbekistan, Ukraine and Russia formed a political alliance, Uzbekistan agreed that Russia can deploy military bases in Ukraine, the Uzbek rejoin the collective Security Treaty Organization, and join the Eurasian Economic Community.

In 2005, when the "color Revolution" occurred in Central Asia, Russia, with its leading CIS collective security Treaty Organization, established in Central Asia a large Central Asian rapid reaction force composed of Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, so as to avoid external military threats and effectively protect the security of Central Asia. The aim of the coalition is to prevent the "color revolution" from erupting in Central Asian countries, and to prevent the United States from using NATO to threaten Central Asian countries to impose democratic reforms that are consistent with their intentions. Secondly, Russia's garrison in Tadzhikistan and Kyrgyzstan plays a corresponding deterrent. Russia then held a military exercise against the "color Revolution" with the Member States of the Collective Security Treaty Organization. In the end, Russia expanded its military assistance to the Central Asian countries, such as Russia to expand its base in Bishkek, to provide funds for the renewal of the defence air system and to supply weapons at preferential prices.

In order to effectively prevent the "color revolution" in Central Asia and prevent it from endangering Russia's interests in Central Asia, Russia has further increased economic cooperation and development assistance to the Central Asian countries and helped the Central Asian countries to develop their economies. Russia's debt relief for Central Asian countries in the case of Kyrgyzstan's 50% debt relief, simplifying residence and employment visas for the Russian diaspora in Central Asian countries, all debts to Tajikistan for the relief of the tower, 2 billion U.S. dollars for economic aid to the tower, help to develop water resources and tax exemption for the 800,000 citizens of the tower in Russia.

Russia, by virtue of its historical, cultural and economic ties with the Central Asian countries, earnestly defends Russia's strategic interests in Central Asia. In addition, Putin signed a declaration of human Cooperation with Central Asian countries at the CIS Summit, which is mainly embodied in the fields of humanities, society and public Security. Strengthening the cooperation in the field of humanities will help Russia to expand its influence in Central Asia, while also achieving the strategic goal of safeguarding security and stability in Central Asia. For example, Russia appropriated funds to set up a Russian-Slavic university in Bishkek to expand Russian influence in Central Asia.

First of all, Russia borrowed the "color revolution" to strengthen its own leading international organizations, such as strengthening the security function of the CIS Collective Security Treaty Organization, the Eurasian Economic Community and the unification of economic space and other mechanisms of the integration of the functions of the economy. Second, Russia with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, held a number of military exercises, reflecting the organization's counter-terrorism deterrent function, from the multilateral cooperation mechanism to successfully deal with the United States "color revolution." In particular, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Declaration explicitly calls for the United States to withdraw from Central Asia. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization dispatched an electoral observer mission to Central Asian countries to comply with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Declaration, requiring western countries to determine the deadline for stationing troops in Central Asia. These diplomatic actions effectively impede the "color revolution" in Central Asia.

One of the important reasons for Western countries such as the United States to successfully Kirgistan the "color Revolution" in Central Asian countries is that the western countries such as the United States have been advocating democratic value theory to the people of Central Asia who do not know the truth, so that the Russian and Central Asian countries have taken up their own theoretical weapons Effectively refuting the democratic values of Western countries such as the United States, the limited sovereignty of human rights over sovereignty, and the clash of civilizations, so that the opposition has no theoretical support to launch a "color revolution." After the "Andijan events" in May 2005, the Chinese and Russian heads of State expressed their common position against the Bush administration to import Western-style foreign democracy into Central Asia through the "Color revolution" and to undermine the stability of Central Asia and countries.

First of all, on the issue of CIS reform, Russia actively advocated the reform of the CIS mechanism, the implementation of the new CIS policy, actively seek to prevent the CIS division of effective means to ensure the stability of the CIS region and Russia in the CIS Central Asia's dominant position; from the energy and other aspects of the CIS severely punished Such a serious "de Russia into Europe" trend of the country, in order to deter the former Soviet countries, pro-Western forces to prevent the "color Revolution" in the CIS spread.

Secondly, Russia seeks to compromise with the West, and the western countries in the political and economic cooperation, establish a "reliable partner" image, dilute the opposing factors. In the end, Russia, with the help of the SCO, has deepened the cooperation between China and Russia in Central Asia, countering the infiltration of the United States in the region, resisting the geopolitical pressure from the West and the "democratic challenge", effectively safeguarding the national security of both sides. In short, the "Color Revolution" promoted by the United States and other Western countries in Central Asia is the manifestation of America's global hegemony expansion, and the embodiment of the American-Russian geopolitical game in Central Asia, which poses a major challenge to Russia's strategic interests in Central Asia. Russia was forced to make new choices in foreign, military, economic and cultural aspects of the Asian policy, actively adjust the strategic direction, and take advantage of the rare historical opportunity of "color revolution" to intervene in Central Asia affairs.

During the "Color Revolution" in Central Asia, Sino-Russian security cooperation within the framework of the SCO has been expanding. China and Russia have adopted various countermeasures to actively promote the integrated policy of deep cooperation with the Central Asian countries. SCO member States hold multilateral joint anti-terrorist military exercises, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization has played an active role in the stability and security of the Central Asian region by signing the concept of "three forces" in cooperation with the SCO member States and by incorporating into the scope of the SCO security cooperation the fight against arms trafficking and drugs and illegal immigration. To further deepen Sino-Russian cooperation in Central Asia, the Central Asian countries have shifted the focus of foreign policy to those of Russia and China which support their current regime and political system, thus the relations between Russia and Central Asian countries have developed faster, effectively resisting the "color revolution" spreading to neighboring countries and defending their strategic interests in Central Asia, Russia to regain control of the Central Asian affairs, while China has greatly increased the impact of Central Asia, and ultimately led to the United States in Central Asia, the democratization of the transformation was defeated, safeguarding its own national security. Therefore, China's Central Asian policy should actively draw lessons from the successes and mistakes of Russia's Central Asian policy, actively develop relations with the Central Asian countries, and strive to carry out neighboring neighbourhood diplomacy in order to maintain and further expand China's strategic interests in Central Asia and effectively safeguard the security of the western frontier areas of China, Better serve our country's modernization construction.

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