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Assignment代写:Non-verbal communicative behavior

2017-12-18 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Non-verbal communicative behavior,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了非语言交际行为。非语言行为是一种非文字语言交际手段,是除语言行为之外,交际者运用身体的自然特征和本能向对方传递信息,表达思想的一切表现形式。在面对面的人际沟通中,半数以上的信息交流是借由无声的非语言交际来实现的。了解这门复杂有趣的无声语言,能帮助我们获取更多有益的社交信息,特别是在跨文化商务谈判活动中。

nonverbal behavior,非语言交际行为,assignment代写,paper代写,留学生作业代写

There are two main forms of interpersonal communication: Language behavior and nonverbal behavior. Nonverbal communication, including body language, secondary language, and object language, is a complex and huge subject, which is becoming more and more dominant in the development of all fields of society. This paper takes cross-cultural business negotiation as an example to discuss the main functions and importance of nonverbal communication.

Non-verbal behavior is a non-verbal communicative means, in addition to the language behavior, the Communicator uses the body's natural characteristics and instincts to convey information to each other and express the thought of all forms of expression. Psychological research shows that in face-to-face communication, more than half of the information communication is realized by silent nonverbal communication. Nonverbal communication mainly includes body language, secondary language and object language. Nonverbal language, like language, is an indispensable part of culture. Therefore, understanding this complex and interesting silent language can help us to obtain more useful social information, especially in cross-cultural business negotiation activities.

In the transnational business activities, when communicating with people of different cultural backgrounds, nonverbal behavior often conveys more information than language behavior. Therefore, to carry out business activities in cross-cultural context should correctly understand the implied information conveyed by nonverbal behavior, and savor the "inexpressible words" in order to promote the smooth development of business activities.

Body language was first proposed by American psychologist Bodester: The movements and organs of various parts of the human body can express and exchange information, feelings, attitudes--the body is information. Body language includes social distance, eye, gesture, body posture, expression and so on. Space distance is a basic part of body language, which is of great significance in business activities. The distance between the two sides of communication not only embodies the relationship and psychological state of both sides, but also reflects their national and cultural characteristics. The term "space" here is not a physical concept, but a sociological concept. Different nationalities and different cultural groups have different understanding of the same spatial distance.

In the business negotiation activities, we should not only pay attention to the cultural background of the negotiations to control the social distance reasonably, but also pay attention to observe the other's facial expressions, head and leg posture changes in order to understand the smooth negotiation process. According to psychologists, the posture of legs and feet reveals richer, more authentic information. The two-legged sitting posture is a symbolic act of self-protection that conveys tension, anxiety, and vigilance in the hope of motivating itself by expanding the area of the body's touch with itself. When the two sides have established a more harmonious and friendly conversation, the two legs will be curved, the thighs in an eight-shaped, feet relaxed posture. So in business communication, if the other person's legs are in a cross position, it means that he may be negative about the advice of others and not interested in the issues discussed. At this time, it is best not to ask the other party immediately to make a decision, you can try to change the atmosphere of the conversation, and so on when the other body posture more open to persuasion, so that the success of the business activities are much higher.

Countries with different cultural backgrounds also differ in their understanding of the eyes. When interacting with people in the United States or some English-speaking countries, they usually stare at you to show that he is interested in what you are talking about and respect for you. But when you talk to people in Asian countries such as China or Japan, they don't always stare at you, which is a very different way of paying tribute to you. Therefore, in cross-cultural communication, we should understand the different meanings of the eyes under different cultural backgrounds, not only to interpret the information conveyed by the other's eyes, but also to give them a response with their eyes.

The secondary language refers to people in the process of communication, through the body and its appendages of a certain part of the shape and change to convey information, exchange ideas, express feelings of an auxiliary nonverbal symbol system, also includes the language of the accompanying voice and functional pronunciation and other language-like patterns. In business negotiation, people tend to think too fast or stutter as a lack of self-confidence or insincere performance. Conversely, people who speak loudly and with moderate speed are regarded as high and mature.

In different cultural backgrounds, some of the secondary languages have the same interpretation, while others have great differences. In the cross-cultural business negotiations between East and West, silence plays a decisive role in determining success or failure. Westerners think that no matter whether the negotiations are progressing smoothly, they should give a sound response, the most taboo silence. And in the social negotiations with the Orient, the proper silence will make the other person feel that you are seriously thinking about the issue, the negotiations to give enough attention, and will affirm that the meaning of its message is a silent power beyond the language. Therefore, in cross-cultural business communication, we should fully take into account the cultural background differences between the two sides, accurately grasp the implicit meaning conveyed by the secondary language and timely response, in order to promote the further development of business communication.

Language is important in cross-cultural business negotiation, but if it is divorced from the cooperation of nonverbal behavior, the content expressed in language will be poor and isolated, which will hinder the smooth development of communication. Therefore, the correct and effective understanding and use of nonverbal behavior can help to penetrate the true feelings of others in cross-cultural business activities, reduce or avoid unnecessary contradictions due to cultural differences, achieve the expected negotiating objectives, and promote the smooth conduct of business activities.

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