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美国作业代写:The system of ecological civilization

2017-10-10 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- The system of ecological civilization,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了生态文明制度体系。生态文明制度,就是人类社会在长期与大自然相处过程中形成的理念、做法。生态文明制度的层次和水平标志着人类治理艺术和技巧的成熟程度,它关系到全人类、全社会的整体利益的实现状况和运作的是否科学和稳定。建设生态文明制度必须按照系统性要求进行,依据生态系统内在的高度多样性和复杂性规律,建立完整的制度体系。

ecological civilization,生态文明,assignment代写,paper代写,留学生作业代写

This report defined the ecological civilization construction system from a great height of the national governance system and governance ability modernization. This system has three levels including foundational, management and cultural institutions. Building the basic system of ecological civilization needs to further strengthen the top-level design to give a full play to the role of market and to ensure the efficiency of govemment regulation. Building a coordinated management system of ecological civilization needs to emphasize more on integrity, coordination and incentive effect. Building a long-term cultural system of ecological civilization needs to take always the ecological education to go through the enterprise production and management activities, to advocate ecological civilization behavior, and to cultivate green lifestyle.

The 18-year plenary of the party put forward that the construction of ecological civilization, we must establish a systematic and complete system of ecological civilization system, the most stringent source protection system, damage compensation system, accountability system, improve environmental management and ecological rehabilitation system, with the system to protect the ecological environment. Comrade Xi Jinping pointed out that building a beautiful China, we should strengthen the ecological environment protection, promote institutional innovation, and strive to fundamentally reverse the deterioration of environmental quality trends. These discourses indicate the way forward for further strengthening environmental protection, building beautiful China and moving towards a new era of ecological civilization. To promote the institutionalization of ecological civilization has become an integral part of the overall deepening of the reform, becoming an important part of perfecting and perfecting the socialist system, promoting the cause of the socialism with Chinese characteristics, benefiting the all-round, coordinated and sustainable development of the economy and society, and promoting the modernization of the National governance system and governance ability.

The overall goal of deepening the reform is to perfect and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and to promote the modernization of the National governance system and governance capability. In the process of national governance, system construction has fundamental, durative and overall. It is the important component and core mark of the National governance system and the modernization of the ability to institutionalize and rule the policy. The overall goal of deepening the reform can be achieved in 2020, it is necessary to see whether the important areas and key links in the reform of the decisive results, the formation of a complete system, scientific norms, operating an effective system, so that all aspects of the system more mature and more stereotyped. Therefore, the promotion and development of the socialist undertakings must be systematized, standardized and institutionalized, and finally form a stereotyped, mature and effective system to achieve the scientific and continuous operation of all work, improve the national governance capacity and governance level.

The system of ecological civilization is the idea, policy and practice that human society has formed in the process of getting along with nature for a long time. The level and level of the ecological civilization system indicates the maturity degree of the art and skill of human governance, which is related to the realization of the overall interests of all mankind, the whole society, all nationalities and countries and the scientific and stable operation of the regime. As far as a country is concerned, the construction of ecological civilization system is an important part of the country's political, economic, cultural, social and ecological construction, and its process depends on the improvement of the overall level of material and spiritual civilization.

In the overall layout of the socialist cause with Chinese characteristics of "five in one", the construction of ecological civilization should raise the level of institutionalization as well as the economic construction, political construction, cultural construction and social construction, and provide a solid guarantee and strong support for the construction of the beautiful China and the sustainable development of the Chinese nation. But also to play the role of ecological civilization system in other areas of radiation and guidance.

The establishment of the ecological civilization system in the national governance system of the positioning, help to clarify the ecological civilization system construction objectives and content. The goal of the construction of ecological civilization system is to construct a systematic, complete and scientific system which is propitious to environmental protection, resource saving, harmonious relationship between man and nature, provide a solid guarantee for the implementation of environmental protection policy and resource policy, and form the perfect, stable and persistent behavior pattern of constructing ecological civilization. The main contents of the construction of the ecological civilization system include the establishment and perfection of the system, the implementation and execution of the system, the encouragement and punishment of the behavior, and the formation and the qualitative of the expectation. Through these four links, the concept of respecting nature, conforming to nature and protecting the nature of ecological civilization really falls into practice. These objectives and content itself indicate that ecological civilization system is the main content and important part of socialist system.

The construction of ecological civilization system must be carried out according to the systematic requirements, according to the inherent height diversity and complexity law of the ecosystem, and establish a complete system. Whether the system has systematicness, integrality and progressiveness is an important embodiment of the level of ecological civilization. Advanced system is the soft power of ecological civilization, and good ecological environment is the hard strength of ecological civilization. Fundamentally speaking, the system level of ecological civilization determines the level of ecological civilization construction. Only the construction of ecological civilization a series of ideas, policies, regulations and practices rise to the level of the system, form a strong system, and in practice to form a strong "incentive compatibility" effect, in order to effectively ensure the construction of ecological civilization to form a benign sustainable development, in order to effectively guarantee the "beautiful China" ideal and vision gradually become a reality.

In accordance with the basic system, operating system and symbolic system three subsystems to construct the system, to overcome the existing order, the lack of integrity. As the inner layer and the core of the system, the basic system is the most profound reflection of the system, and the symbol system is the outer layer of the system, which is the most intuitive reflection of the system value. The operating system is the intermediate link between the basic system and the symbolic system, which plays the role of bridge and tie. Specific to the system of ecological civilization, we can classify it as the basic system, the management system, the cultural system three aspects, the basic system is the cornerstone and the pillar of the ecosystem civilization system, the management system is the ecological civilization System system's maintenance and the safeguard, but the cultural system is the ecological civilized system social Foundation.

To establish the basic system of ecological civilization, we should further strengthen the top-level design of the system construction, make the timetable and implement the road map. We should seize the opportunity of setting up the special group of "economic system and ecological civilization system" in the central government to draft and promulgate "The guiding opinions on promoting the construction of ecological civilization" so as to improve the understanding of the construction of ecological civilization by all levels of Governments and society. In order to establish the target system of ecological civilization construction, it is important to include ecological space, ecological economy, ecological environment, ecological life, ecological system and ecological culture. At the same time, in the overall design of a wide range of views, focus on cross-sectoral and cross-cutting areas, the formation of an ecological civilization system of the timetable and implementation of the road map, and as a basis to guide the departments to carry out the task of division of labor.

Secondly, the full play of market role as the cornerstone of the basic system of ecological civilization. The first is to perfect the property right system of natural resources, property right is the core and main content of ownership, clear property right is the basic requirement of market mechanism, and the property right system of natural resource assets is the basic system in the system of ecological civilization. To the natural ecological space of the unified ... The right to register, the formation of clear ownership, clear responsibility, effective supervision of natural resource assets property system. According to the diverse characteristics of natural resource attributes, through a wide range of local pilot demonstrations, and gradually modify the existing laws on state-owned and collective resources of the property rights system provisions, classification to establish a diversified ownership system. To establish a complete system of investigation, evaluation and accounting of natural resources assets, and to improve the system of agency or trusteeship of state-owned and collective natural resources assets and their management. The second is to play the decisive role of market allocation resources in the process of production. On the basis of trying to clarify the relationship between government and market, promote the asset management of natural resources, implement the system of compensated use of resources and ecological compensation system, encourage the protection of concession environmental services and agreements, speed up the reform of resource and environment tax and fee, construct a new market embodying the concept of ecological civilization, explore pollution emission rights and carbon emissions trading, and make resource energy, Emission permits, ecological services and other elements are more efficiently configured and utilized. We should construct the natural resource pricing mechanism conforming to the market law, accelerate the implementation of the system of paid use of resources, ecological compensation system and environment tax system.   We should further reform and perfect the franchise system and franchise protection system of environmental protection undertakings, and exert the role of market incentives. Thirdly, it is a pillar of the basic system of ecological civilization, which is effective in government supervision. First, the establishment of a control system for natural resource use. The use of the control, clear all kinds of land space development, use and protection of the border, the realization of energy, water resources and mineral resources according to the quality of grading, to achieve cascade utilization. This is a system in which the State, in the public interest, uses the state power and transcends the property rights regulation to manage the natural resources. This kind of control fully embodies the government regulation and supervision to make up for the necessity and importance of market failure, and embodies the full and correct implementation of government functions. For example, nature reserves belong to the use control system, because no matter who is the nature reserve management, state regulations cannot be in the core area of development and construction activities. Second, establish the ecological Red Line system, delimit and strictly observe the ecological red line. The concept of ecological red line must be firmly established, after the inclusion of whole must be one, must not be overcome. Delineation of the ecological protection red Line, the establishment of land space development and protection system, in strict accordance with the main function of the location to promote the development of orderly implementation of arable land, river and lake to recuperate strict access system, the implementation of the most stringent land use management, resource conservation management, strengthen planning, strict review, prohibit the failure to meet the use of control and According to the basic ideas of ecological function red line, environmental quality red thread and resource utilization red lines, the paper studies and compiles the guiding opinions on constructing the national ecological Protection Red Wire.

The core of establishing ecological civilization management system is to follow the contradiction of breaking the system of ecosystem, entirety and government operation. First of all, we should emphasize the integrity of the management system on the basis of the integrity of the problem. For example, the establishment and improvement of strict supervision of all pollutant emissions of environmental protection management system, pollution from pollution sources, through the environmental media dissemination and elimination, must be three overall consideration. In accordance with the requirements of eco-system management, all pollutants discharged from all sources, such as industrial point source, agricultural non-point source, transportation source and so on, shall strengthen unified supervision and control over all pollution media such as atmosphere, soil, surface water, groundwater and ocean. At the same time, we should pay attention to the whole law of the system, fully understand the intrinsic relationship between pollution control and ecological protection, enhance the coordination and uniformity of the two supervision, and establish the linkage mechanism between pollution prevention and ecological protection.

Secondly, the coordination of the management system should be more prominent under the realistic conditions of the Division of government departments and the hierarchical decentralization. Explore the establishment of an integrated and coordinated institutional framework. Environmental problems arise and expand into local, regional and global issues, and the most prominent in China is the regional haze pollution and river basin water pollution. However, the spatial scope affected by these environmental problems is often inconsistent with the areas of administrative jurisdiction, making the current management system difficult to solve the environmental problems of the cross-administrative regions. Structurally, these elements are often managed by different departments, resulting in a lack of integrity and coordination of environmental management. Functionally, the existing system to achieve the integrated management of resources and environment there are various institutional mechanisms of obstacles. While ensuring the integrity of ecological environment protection, we need to set up corresponding institutional arrangements for different types of problems. It is obviously very difficult for a large developing country with a vast and diverse resource environment to implement unified regulation entirely through one sector. However, no matter what kind of reform mode is adopted, it is necessary to establish an integrated and coordinated institutional framework. For example, in the field of environmental supervision and administrative law enforcement, due to the overlapping of functions, the law enforcement main body and monitoring power are dispersed, and the law enforcement problem in environmental protection is outstanding. We should improve the supervision system of "unified supervision, responsibility for Division of Labor" and "national supervision, local regulation, unit responsibility", and orderly integration of different areas, different departments, different levels of supervision power, improve the legal authority of supervision, and establish an independent and unified environmental supervision system.

Thirdly, with the guidance of "visualization" of ecological performance, the incentive function of management system is emphasized. The indexes of resource consumption, environmental damage and ecological benefit are included in the economic and social evaluation system, the target system embodying the requirements of ecological civilization, the assessment method, the reward and punishment mechanism, the ecological benefit and other indicators are integrated into the comprehensive evaluation system of economic and social development, and the natural balance sheet is compiled. The leading cadres carry out audit on natural resource assets and environment, and increase the weight of resource consumption, environmental damage, ecological benefit, excess capacity and scientific and technological innovation. To strengthen the authority and enforcement of the performance appraisal system of ecological environment, the area with outstanding achievements in the construction of ecological civilization should be paid by the superior finance, and the units and individuals shall be rewarded with recognition. Establish the system of accountability and maintain the durability of ecological civilization construction. We should establish a perfect system of accountability for ecological civilization, and clarify the subject of responsibility, the objective of responsibility and the scope of responsibility.

The system of ecological civilization is not only a rule restricting human behavior, but also a yardstick to measure the level of human civilization. As far as the ecological civilization system is concerned, the "soft rules" that become human values can even be etched in the minds of members of society, and may be more powerful and lasting in restraining people's behavior than those mandatory rules and moral sermons that compel people to obey.

First of all, we should actively advocate ecological civilization behavior and cultivate green life style. To formulate and implement sustainable consumption strategies and action plans that are compatible with ecological civilization and green development, focusing on party and government organs, institutions and state-owned enterprises, carrying out ecological civilization unit construction activities and implementing various energy saving and environmental protection measures. Take government procurement services and other policy measures to promote the transformation of consumption patterns, the implementation of green design and green manufacturing, save resources, reduce pollution, establish environmental integrity. Standardize the production of green products, smooth the circulation of green products, guide consumers to buy energy-saving environmental protection Low-carbon products. To promote the whole nation in clothing, food, housing, travel, tourism and other aspects of the simple and moderate, green low-carbon, civilized and healthy way of change. Promote green products, advocating green travel, so that green life has become the mainstream of social values and lifestyle.

Secondly, taking the enterprise operator as the main object, the ecological education runs through the enterprise production and operation activities. The competent department of the enterprise should formulate policies to promote the enterprise to organize production consciously according to the circular economy mode, to implement eco-friendly mode of production, save energy resources and protect the ecological environment. We should hold a training course for business managers on a regular basis in order to study the ecological consciousness education and environmental protection policies and regulations, so that the environmental protection work is always put in an important position in the production and operation activities of enterprises. In the enterprise approval process, we should strictly adhere to environmental protection access. Establish the enterprise environment credit rating system, urge the enterprise to fulfill the environmental protection legal obligation consciously. Accelerate the establishment of environmental protection "trustworthy incentives, broken promises punishment" mechanism. The level evaluation system of the enterprise's environmental credit is carried out, and the result is directly linked with the enterprise credit and financing. Strengthen the corporate social responsibility and sense of honor, to form a "protection of the ecological environment for the glory" of the moral trend of entrepreneurs to carry out ecological environment and sustainable development education.

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