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American Government Should Not Cut Investment in Outer Space Exploration

2020-10-12 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

    下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文--AmericanGovernment Should Not Cut Investment in Outer Space Exploration,文章讲述1970年,一位来自赞比亚的修女给美国宇航局的科学家恩斯特·施特林格写了一封信。在信中,她表达了自己的困惑:“为什么政府会在太空探索上投资这么多钱,而不是用它们来帮助饥饿的儿童(Stuhlinger 2)。”然而,世界上大多数国家并没有帮助饥饿的人们,而是不计巨额的支出,选择加速太空探索的研究和发展。

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In 1970, a nun from Zambia wrote a letter to Ernst Stuhlinger, a scientist of NASA. In the letter, she stated her confusion as to “why government would invest so much money in space exploration rather than use them to help the children in hunger (Stuhlinger 2).”Today, there are still a great number of people suffering from the starvation. However, instead of helping the people in hunger, most countries around the world choose to speed up the research and development of outer space exploration regardless of the huge expenditure they would afford. Nevertheless, the practical effectiveness on space exploration seems frustrating; we can neither move to another planet nor welcome the new guests, the aliens, to visit our beautiful Earth. Only Hollywood would cheer for every progress NASA has made, because even the tiny achievement of NASA would contribute to a large volume of production of science fiction movies. By facing the arguments and oppositions above, should the American government cut money on space exploration? In my opinion, I do not agree with this idea. I think American government should reasonably increase the investment in space exploration because this profound project would finally change the lives of human beings.

The development of outer space exploration could fundamentally root out problems like poverty and starvation. For example, the artificial satellites are one of the most helpful inventions that solve the problems of natural calamities. Every time we are informed of typhoon forecasts or flood forecasts(“NOAA”), we should attribute such contribution to the artificial satellites. By foreknowing the natural calamities, people have enough preparation to minimize the loss and protect people’s life. As a result, numerous people would be saved from starvation and their life would be saved due to the disaster preparedness. Artificial satellites are now the primary application of outer space exploration. Since the world’s first artificial satellite Spuntnik 1 was launched by the Soviet Union in 1957(Siddiqi 155), America now has launched over 400 artificial satellites that have helped people in various kinds of fields including natural calamities forecast, data transmission, and topography survey.

In addition to the artificial satellites, outer space exploration could develop more resources for human beings. In fact, all the poverty and starvation result from the lack of resources. Africa is in lack of water; Southeast Asia is in lack of land; the polar areas are in lack of advanced technology to develop agriculture. The resources on Earth are limited, which would inevitably result in poverty and starvation. However, space exploration is the only way that brings the tremendous resources from outer space to human beings on Earth. For example, according to NASA’s statement in 2015, “Mars Express spacecraft captured images of sheets of ice in the cooler, shadowed bottoms of craters, which suggests that liquid water can pool under appropriate conditions’ (Redd 1).If this discovery could be verified, people would enter the new era of Mars immigration in the future. As a result, the land would be ample for the current population. Meanwhile, crops would be planted in outer space in attempt to meet the food needs of the current situation, and the research and development of outer space exploration is aimed at benefiting human’s life.

Moreover, the investment in outer space exploration is the best way to innovate new technology that would directly improve humans’ daily lives. For example, the aeronautical materials now have been widely applied to human’s daily life. The composite metal materials, which are resistant to high temperature and pressure, are derived from the aeronautical equipment. If the government does not invest in outer space exploration, we could not take the Boeing planes to travel across the world and enjoy the high speed in transportation (Herman 118).The development of aeronautical science would also promote the medical industry. Today, lots of clinical and medical experiments are conducted in the outer space environment (Ewert 5). By researching how people would perform in the zero gravity environment with cosmic radiation, people could explore the changes in human’s genes so as to deal with the medical challenges like cancer, heart disease and diabetes. If the government does not invest in outer space exploration, human’s medical treatment level would reach a plateau. The diseases currently threatening people’s lives would remain to be the incurable diseases.

Also, agriculture would undergo a revolution if we adopted the aeronautical technology into it. In the outer space environment, gene mutation would occur more easily. By taking advantage of this feature, we could cultivate crops, vegetables and fruits in outer space environment so as to achieve higher grain production and bigger edible vegetables and fruits. When this technology could be widely used, the starvation and poverty problems would then be solved.

It is argued that though outer space exploration would bring us lots of benefits, the huge investment in this sector is irrational. American government could cut some of the investment and use the money in other areas. However, if we analyze the expenditure the American government has spent on outer space exploration, we would find out that the American government always has a rational economic budget and investment. For example, according to the data from Spacefoudation, the total cost of US Space in 2014 is 64.42 billion dollars (Robert 1). The cost on National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) amounts to 17.78 billion dollars, which accounts for about 25% of the total expenditure. The rest money spent on agencies include Department of Defense, costing 26.53 billion dollars, National Reconnaissance Office, costing 15 billion dollars, and National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Energy, Federal Aviation Administration and National Science Foundation and so on. Furthermore, the2015 investment budget of NASA is about 18.01 billion dollars, 2016 is the 18.52 billion dollars, which demonstrates a low growth rate in annual budget. Therefore, American government, in fact, sets up a reasonable budget and expenditure on outer space development that should not be questioned. When compared with other countries’ investment in the outer space sector, we could say that all the countries all attach great importance to this area. For example, in the beginning of 2015, Chinese government announced to invest in 193 aeronautical projects this year with total investment value of 50 billion yuan, which is equal to 8.1 billion dollars (Jiaxiang 1). As a developing country with only decades of years’ experience in outer space development, China is now gaining the aggressive momentum in exploring outer space. Russia is country that has a long history in this area, and in 2013, Russia announced to increase the budget by 70 billion dollars in the following 8 years for outer space technology development (Stephen 1). Therefore, American government should not cut investment in outer space exploration. Otherwise, it would soon lag behind other countries by losing its advanced technology and competitive scientific advantages.

Indeed, the development of outer space exploration is a common dream and pursuit of human beings. Not only America, countries like China, Russia, United Arab Emirates and European Union are all devoting themselves to this great cause. Today, the new trend for outer space research and development is no longer a national competition. On the contrary, the globalized corporations and international partnership become the new trend in the research and development of modern space technology. For example, on May 25th, 2015, UAE has launched the Strategic Plan for the UAE Space Agency in Abu Dhabi, aimed at “contributing to and facilitate knowledge transfers of space technology, the UAE Space Agency will create international partnerships to develop the national space sector (Biqluise 1).”Moreover, on October 12th, 2015 NASA Administrator Charles Bolden has announced the intention to cooperate with China on outer space exploration and said it is inevitable to establish the US-Sino relationship in this area in the near future (Horn 1).Therefore, the investment in outer space should not be cut. By mastering the most advanced technologies in outer space development, the American government should take responsibilities to speed up this cause for the human beings and guide the world in the correct direction in the space sector. Supported by the joint efforts of countries around the world, human beings would soon solve the mysteries in the space and enter the historically important new ear.

In conclusion, American government should not cut investment in outer space development. Though this is a task full of unknowns and challenges, the benefits of outer space exploration are equally immeasurable. According to the current situation, aeronautical science is the most effective method to fundamentally resolve the problems of poverty, starvation, natural calamities and the lack of resources in earth. Also, the development of outer space would spur the revolution in gene engineering, medical science and agricultural engineering. Meanwhile, people should keep the aspiration and curiosity for the unknowns and mysteries. In fact, every progress human beings have made is based on the continuous pursuit of the seemingly unrealistic dream. Without investing in engine and machine, human beings could not have automobiles now in our daily life. Without investing in aircraft equipment, people could not have planes to realize the dream of flying in the sky. Outer space is an unknown realm with numerous opportunities for us to explore. The American government should keep the impetus to develop the outer space development and the investment in the aeronautical science at present would create a better future for our human beings.

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