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Give Them Liberty

2020-10-12 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

    下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 --Give Them Liberty,文章讲述美帝国主义出现在19世纪90年代的最后几年。根据Eric Foner的说法,正是在这个时候,“当美国在国际舞台上占据帝国主义的位置时,狭义的国家地位被转移到了国外。”

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American Imperialism came up in the last years of the 1890s. According to Eric Foner, it was at this time that “the narrowed definition of nationhood was projected abroad, as the United States took its place as an imperial power on the international stage.”(703)For example, America set its course to Philippines at that time. After breaking Spanish colonies in Philippines, America decided to exercise continued control in Philippines (710). The following Philippine-American War was the United States’s first prolonged war in Asia (Zwick 242).

For the great writer Mark Twain, the situation in Philippines and America’s imperial practice were “betrayal of American traditions.”( Zwick 244) His attitude was represented in his writings. In an article printed in New York Herald, he argued that “it should, it seems to me, be our pleasure and duty to make those people free, and let them deal with their own domestic questions in their own way. And so I am an anti-imperialist. ” In his view, American Imperialism exploits the colony by breaking up its independence and looting their people’s liberty, but at the same time they claims that they are expanding American power to the world and bringing freedom to the suffered . As Mark Twain complained elsewhere, “We do not intend to free the people of the Philippines...We have gone there to conquer.” (Foner 761)In his point of view, anti-imperialists should take the side of the native people and support them to govern themselves by their own instead of being governed by America.

If I was living in America in 1900, I think I would totally support Mark Twain. Because American Imperialism has cause a lot trouble for the colonies and this kind of imperialism may stimulate serious insurgency, which may in turn harm the interest of America.

Re-examing the situation of Philippines may help better understand the reason why I choose to become an anti-imperialist. Firstly, what America did at that time was to force the Filipinos to accept the value of American Empire. They claimed to help the Filipinos to appreciate “what Anglo-Saxon liberty is”(Foner 711), but what they did contradicted with the principle of Anglo-Saxon liberty. Liberalism stresses that one should not interfere other’s rights, but American deprived Filipinos of liberty in the name of liberty. Just as Mark Twain argues, America didn’t bring freedom to Philippine but exercised imperial control over this country. How ironic it is! Secondly, although America did bring modernization to Philippines including setting up modern hospitals and schools, it broke up the local social structure and distorted the social order. Foner points out that in Philippines, America tended to protect the interest of land-based local elites, which brought about greater poverty to the majority of the rural population (714). For most parts of Philippines, America didn’t bring “Anglo-Saxon liberty” but only strengthened inequality and caused turbulence. Anyone with sense of justice will fight against the imperial project and appeal to American to give liberty to the Filipinos, which means that Philippines should be ruled by Filipinos themselves.

The situation of China would also make me an anti-imperialist. In order to seize the market and ensure its interest in East Asia, America tried to invade china in cultural way and political way. Different from the case of Philippines, America hadn’t invaded the territory of china, but America tried to eliminate the independence of the local government and sought way to impose its own will on the nation. For example, during the last years of the 19 century, America excluded and discriminated the Chinese workers in America and forced the Chinese government to make an treaty that limited the rights of overseas Chinese workers. As a result, a nationwide anti-America boycott broke out in 1905. The boycott spread over the country and involved different classes (Wang). After that, anti-America movements never ceased because of America’s interfering of local politics as well as its economic imperialism. In the 1920s, because of the economic invasion of American and mass killing of workers by the British, there was a noticeable boycott against the English and American tobacco industry. If we look back at the contemporary newspaper and magazine, we can see a lot of advertisements that called on people to support the local product and boycott the American product (Tsai).Even in today, in Chinese Internet forum, we can still notice a lot of posts that claim that Chinese people should “fight against America.” The longstanding American Empire’s economic and cultural colonization in China stimulate nationalist movements against America, which show the “structure of feelings” of the colonized on the one hand and injure the interests of America. In contrary to those pro-imperialists, I suggest America should give independence and liberty to the local government and people rather than force their own will onto the Chinese in order to pursue a just global system and protect the America’s interests.

In conclusion, I am against imperialism from the bottom of my heart. Just like Mark Twain, I hold firm belief that American imperialism is an unjust institution. In the case of Philippines and China, we can see how America was harmful for local development of the colonies and how its imperialism evoked popular protests. It’s obvious that the America imperialism should be abolished because it’s unjust and notorious. It’s a must to give liberty to the colony and rethink the system of imperialism.

Works Cited

Foner, Eric. Give me liberty!: an American history, Third Edition. New York: WW Norton, 2010. Print.

From Mark Twain, written for the New York Herald, October 15, 1900.

Tsai, Weipin. Reading Shenbao: Nationalism, Consumerism and Individuality in China 1919-37. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. Print.

Wang, Guanhua. In Search of Justice: The 1905-1906 Chinese Anti-American Boycott. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center, 2001. Print.

Zwick, Jim. “Mark Twain and Imperialism” A historical guide to Mark Twain .Fishkin, Shelley Fisher, ed.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. 227-256.Print.

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