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China’s One-child Policy Should Be Abolished

2020-10-09 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

               下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 --China’s One-child Policy Should Be Abolished,文章讲述中国的独生子女政策是中国最重要的人口控制政策之一。政策允许每个中国家庭一生只生一个孩子;在一些农村地区或少数民族地区,一个家庭只允许生两个孩子。这一政策始于20世纪80年代中期,在中国的人口减少方面取得了显著成效。

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China’s one-child policy is one of Chinese most important policies for population control. The policy allows every Chinese family to have only one child in life; and for some rural area or regions inhabited by ethnic groups, only two children are allowed for one family. The inception of this policy started in the mid of 1980s and has achieved remarkable effectiveness in China’s population reduction. This policy has reduced fertility from a rate of 7 in the 1970s to a rate of 1.18 in 2000s: a decrement rate equal to decreasing 569 million people in 30 years (Edward 1).However, the adverse effects of the one-child policy is gradually emerging in comprehensive aspects of Chinese society today including China’s economy development, human rights violation, population aging and so on. As a result, I believe China should abolish its one-child policy in order to facilitate economy development, deal with population aging problems and show respects for human rights.

The abolishment of one-child policy would facilitate the development of Chinese economy in aspect of human resources. Baked by cheap labor costs as well as huge labor population, China has become the “world factory” since the World War II. For the past decades, the manufacturing industry has attached great importance to Chinese economy development. However, with the implementation of Chinese one-child policy, Chinese population is undergoing a dramatic decrease, making such leading edges of labor cost not exist anymore. For example, in the late of 2014, Microsoft announced to close its two manufacturing factories in Beijing and Dongguan China aimed at reducing its labor cost by transferring its manufacturing centers to Southeast Asia countries (“DoNews”).Some people may argue that such phenomenon would not influence Chinese economy because it is the time for China to shift from manufacturing-based country to a technology-based country. However, this is not true because it is a long way before China can master the core technologies in manufacturing industries and replace the role in manufacturing. Therefore, labor resources and large population are still critical for Chinese economy development. Only by abolishing Chinese one-child policy could China remain momentum in economic development and manufacturing capability improvement.

Population aging is another critical problem’ caused by the one-child policy, that the Chinese society faces. According to Xu Xin, “over 15% of the population is over the age of 60. Also, the number is expected to rise by 10 million every year (1).Population aging would result in a lot of social problems. It would increase burden of social medical care and welfare insurance. Chinese Ministry of Finance released “2015 National Social Insurance Fund Budget” report in the end of 2014. According to the report, the deficit of pension insurance could reach the amount of 30 billion RMB in 2015 (26), which means that it would be more and more difficult for government to afford such huge expenditure. Also, it could impede a country’s innovation and creativity in kinds of aspects including culture, arts and technology innovation etc. Just imagine that one day, the majority of our people are too old to create new technologies, all the films and music are catering to the old people. How could China reveals its energy and activity in R&D innovation? How could new ideas emerge and how could the Chinese culture steps forward rather than stay traditional? Therefore, one-child policy should be abolished in order to prevent population ageing. The developing countries need more new lives to keep moving.

Last but not least, the abolishment of one-child policy goes against the basic respect for the Chinese human rights. From the ancient times to the present, having children is the basic right for every human being. The limitation on people’s fertility means that kinds of contraception measures, even the abortion would be conducted. The obligatory contraception affect people’s life and will, and the abortion would have a serious impact on women’s healt.

Today, the one-child household structure in China has become the origin of social instability that results in negative effect both on the “one child” and the “two parents.” For children in the one-child family, their lives are naturally lack of the concepts of siblings with childhoods full of loneliness due to the missing of sister-or brother-relationship. When they grow up, they are faced with much more burden of providing for their old parents and fostering children. Today, the “4-2-1” family structures are very common in Chinese society, which means one grandchild, a couple of young husband and wife and four grandparents from parental side and maternal side. The young couple in the middle is under the greatest pressure without any siblings to share the responsibilities. When they are getting old, they again suffer from the loneliness empty because of the lack of children’s accompanying. As a Chinese, I am the one-child in my family. When I was a little kid, I always stayed alone at home with no one to talk and play with. At that time, my best friend was a little doll and I named it “little sister”—how much I desired to have a sister or brother to change whispers and playing together. When I grow up, I chose to study abroad, which means no other children would take care of my parents. Every weekend, they could see me only through the computer screen. That’s the real situations of Chinese on-child families. Therefore, the abolishment of one-child policy would guarantee the basic human rights and contribute to the harmony of every family.

In a conclusion, it is necessary to abolish Chinese one-child policy at present. Population is the basis of a country’s development and the new born lives would bring hopes for the human beings in the future. As a developing country, China is in a crucial historical period for cultural progress and production development. Only by abolishing the one-child policy could China remain dynamic in its constant improvement as well as offer a harmonies social environment for every family.

Work Cited

“Chinese Ministry of Finance”.2015 National Social Insurance Fund Budget. Chinese Government Information Net. 27 November, 2014:26.

“Donews”. Microsoft Renounces to Close Factories in China. Donews Website. 21 Feburary, 2015:1.

Olesen, Alexa. Experts Challenge China's 1-Child Population Claim. Boston.com Website. 27 October, 2011:1.

Wong, Edward. Reports of Forced Abortions Fuel Push to End Chinese Law. New York Times Website. 23 July, 2012:1.

Xu, Xin. Xinhua Insight: Challenges, Opportunities Seen In China's Aging Population. Xinhua Website. 31 August, 2015:1.

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