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Abolish the death penalty

2020-09-29 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

     下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- Abolish the death penalty,文章讲述在中国,我们有一个格言“坏事,好事也可能会反弹给行动者”。这意味着,一个残酷杀害某些人的罪犯最终会付出代价,这在大多数情况下是死刑。但是,在我们现代文明社会中,许多国家已经废除了死刑。我认为,死刑是一种暴力和残忍的行为,违反了人类的道德原则,对国家不利。有人说:“如果我们以眼还眼,以牙还牙,那么全世界很快就会变得盲目无牙。” (圣雄甘地)因此,我们需要给罪犯机会,而不是本质上是报复的死刑。一些公民支持废除死刑,因为它不能降低犯罪率,甚至在某些情况下可以杀死无辜者,并影响其他一些人,而不仅仅是罪犯。

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    In China, we have an aphorism "Bad deeds, as well as good, may rebound upon the doer". This means that a criminal who cruelly kills some people finally will pay his price, which in most case is a capital punishment. However, in our modern civilized society, many countries have already abolished the capital punishment. In my opinion, capital punishment is a violent and cruel act which violates human moral principles and is not good for countries. A person has said, "If we practice an eye for an eye and tooth for a tooth, soon the whole world will be blind and toothless". (Mahatma Gandhi) Therefore, we need to give criminals chances instead of capital punishment which essentially is revenge. Some citizens support the abolishment of capital punishment because it cannot reduce crime rate, and even in some cases it could kill innocents, and affects some others, not just the criminal.

    First of all, in some countries capital punishment cannot reduce crime rate, instead of which it sometimes even increases crime rate. Capital punishment is the highest law to execute criminals in some countries. Some citizens support capital punishment because they believe that it can protect their lives and reduce crime rates. However, it is not true. In America, "states with no capital punishment have lower homicide rates. Indeed, 10 of 12 states without capital punishment have homicide rates below the national average. In a state - by - state analysis, they found that during the last 20 years, the homicide rate in states with the death penalty has been 48% to 101% higher than in states with the death penalty"(Bonne). From the above figures, we can clearly know that the implementation of capital death indeed is not equal to lower homicide rate. Furthermore, in Washington," the number of violent crimes reported nationwide in 1988 increased 5.5%, the 92, 486 rapes in 1988 represented a 1.5% increase over 1987, robberies were up 4.9%, murder rose 2.9%, and crime rate is up 2.1%" (“Violent Crime”). From these rates, we can see that our country's crime rates did not reduce, even we had capital punishment. On the contrary, some American states without capital punishment unexpectedly had lower crime rates. Therefore, capital punishment should be abolished.

    Second, capital punishment may result in the death of some innocent people. Some people support capital punishment because they insist that the killers should pay for their crimes. However, every year many innocent people die because of the government’s manslaughter. So this stimulates me to oppose the capital punishment. "A new study on capital punishment in the United States asserts that in century 343 people were wrongly convicted of offenses punishable by death and that 25 were actually executed" (“25 Wrongfully”). So this is a strong evidence showing that capital punishment sometimes may kill innocent people. How many innocent people died? In Times, “One or more than over 1, 600 men and women currently under sentence of death are innocent" (“25 Wrongfully”). 1600 actually is a big figure. How many innocent people will die ten years later if currently there are more than 1, 600 innocent people losing their lives every year due to the capital punishment? Furthermore, some unfairer phenomenon also exists. In some countries, if some rich and powerful people break the law, they may find someone else to replace them by using some money. They always replace their own crimes on poor people and let them take the trial of law by paying them a large amount of money. Therefore, the capital punishment is not perfect because there always have some escaped criminals and some victims. If the capital punishment was abolished, the lives of some innocent people could be saved. Therefore, capital punishment must be abolished.

    Third, capital punishment can affect different people's lives besides the criminals. Some people think those criminals deserve capital punishment, but we need to think about their families’ feeling. When the government executes criminals, their families will passively receive profound negative effects. "Killer's family left to confront fear and shame. A story about killer's family, a man spend the rest of his life in prison for three of the murders. His wife, whose life has always been fragile, is still struggling. She wanted people to see on the outside how ugly and bad her feel on the inside"(“killer’s family”). From this, it is obvious that life imprisonment of a criminal can pose remarkable harmful effect on his families, let alone capital punishment which directly deprive criminals’ lives.  Furthermore, operational staffs who witness the process of the execution may also suffer from a bad emotion. In some sense, executing criminals is also a kind of killing. When they are come to execute criminals, they will also have to tolerate fear and guilt. Therefore, capital punishment must be abolished.

     In short, the existence of the death penalty has a negative effect on people. It cannot lower the crime rate given that evidence shows that states with capital punishment have higher crime rate. It may also kill some innocent people because rich ones can use money to play some tricks and turn some innocent ones into scapegoat. Furthermore, besides the criminals themselves, capital punishment will pose heavy pressure and negative effects on people related to them, such as their families and the operational staffs.  Therefore, governments around the world should reconsider the role of capital punishment. As far as I am concerned, there are a lot of ways that can be used to punish criminals and establish a harmonious society. We don’t have to use violent ways to revenge criminals, which in essence is the same as what they do with the victims.  Therefore, capital punishment should be abolished for the sake of the above aspects.

 

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