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Why does China make products for America

2020-09-16 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

Why does China make products for America

make products,sociology代写,作业代写,北美代写,代写

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- Why does China make products for America,文章讲述在国外旅行时为心爱的人选择礼物成为中国人的头疼事,原因在于在国外商业区的购物区,您会惊讶地发现,从玩具到自行车,几乎所有东西一应俱全。美国虽然是世界的领导者,但并未“逃脱”这一案件。

 

Choosing gifts for your beloved ones when traveling abroad becomes a big headache for Chinese, the reason lies in the Shopping in the business district abroad, you will be amazed by the astounding fact that almost everything, from toys to bicycles. America doesn’t “escape” from this case, though being the leader of the world.

The products made by China in America mainly lie in the light industry field, which includes the .articles for daily life, tools, machines, mobile phones, etc. These products rush into American’s life immediately and are like the air which can’t be lost in American’s daily life. Just as Sara Bongiorni said in her book (A year without “Made in China”--One Family’s True Life Adventure in the Global Economy) : “I was surprised to find that we are occupied by products made in China, and the life without Chinese products bring much inconvenience” Indeed, almost all products except drugs, juvenile products and high-tech products , belong to the category of “Made-in-China”. It seems that Chinese products stand their way firmly in the American markets and have won the campaign of fierce competition even at abroad. Faced with the fact, we, Chinese people always can’t help be proud of our development and even hold that we must have gained much profit from the products. Is the case really as it appears to be? Are the American leaders so stupid that they allow Chinese products “invade” in their markets and “claim” the ownership of their local markets? Why don’t Americans produce products by themselves? What are the advantages and disadvantages for China to produce for America? We must first figure out the questions remained before we go a step further.

Is it the American government so generous that they allow Chinese products to compete with their own products and gain profits so easily? Of course not, everything has its own reasons, this case is of no exception. The reasons are buried under the surface. As we all know, the tax is really a burden for the companies in America, which includes the income tax, consumption tax and real estate tax. Besides, the tax for the luxury is much lower than that of the the articles for daily use. Thus, American businessmen seek for the solution to fight against the deadly enemy--tax. China, as a result of the policy and low exchange rate, is of course the dreaming place American businessmen long for. What’s more, civil rights are greatly worshiped by American people, and the civil law endows the workers with opportunities to ask for their legitimate right when they are suppressed by the greedy boss. As a result, extra work needs to be paid, workers can enjoy the vacation with pay and the working time is shortened to the minimum with a considerable income, which please the workers but reduces the company’s profit. What’s more, to develop manufacturing we need some machines and resources like coal etc, will undoubtedly result in the environmental pollution. The rivers will be polluted by the sewage produced by the plant, so the fish will die because of the toxic chemicals it contains; The air will be filled with poisonous gas like sulfur dioxide, which is a invisible killer for our human beings; The forest will be cut down to provide materials for manufacture; Natural resources will dry up in the long run. To avoid all those mentioned above, Americans decide to transfer the manufacturing industry to those developing countries where factories have the ability to produce what Americans design.

The question enters into our mind naturally --- which country is the ideal place for Americans to transfer their manufacturing industry? Surely, that will be China. You may wonder why I say so and why China becomes a big produce country? The reasons, as I see it, may be listed as follows: Firstly, China has a large population and can provide with abundant labor with low pay. “Perseverance, untiringly struggle for one’s future and plain living” these are the long-carved personalities worshiped by the society, so Chinese people tend to work harder with less demand. Working overtime is a common phenomenon in China and no one actually asks for their own rights for fearing that they will lose their hard-gaining job. Fierce competition in the job-hunting market puts everyone in the panic of job-losing. To please their boss, they work harder and harder though they are paid less and less. Thus, the efficiency and yield are guaranteed, the massive profits flow into the employer’s pockets. Secondly, As China joins in the international market, it introduces policies which encourage the national companies to go out onto the international arena and the international companies to enter into our national market. The Export Rebates is a powerful example for the series polices implemented by our country. Thus, more international co-production is witnessed, and manufacturing industry thus rapidly expands. Thirdly, the exchange rate for our currency is lower than that of some developed countries while at the same time the infrastructure and technology is ensured for manufacturing in China. Producing in China will costs less for some companies in developed countries, and most importantly, China, as an rising power in the developing world, can provides convenient transportation and other infrastructure so the goods produced can be transported safely and immediately without delay. The technology used for manufacturing is also guaranteed, this accounts for why Americans don’t choose other countries where low cost is available. The skilled workers and hi-tech will make the products with high quality. At last, raw materials and supply chain can be well provided, which are the core of the manufacturing products. When producing a product, manufactures can buy what they want in the neighborhood and they don’t bother to import the raw materials. Besides, the products they produced can be sold in the local market or be transport without efforts at a high speed, so why do they not choose China as a ideal place for manufacturing and China will, with all the advantages mentioned above, will ultimately be the first in the manufacturing industry.

China, as the rising star in the world, not only shines in the manufacturing industry. With the improvement of the educational level, more well-educated people contribute to the development of technology and have make a difference. Since China is equipped with high technology and the talent-pool, why does the Americans still chooses to design by themselves and then produce in China? Actually, the majority of the profit of the good is attributed to the one who design it or who has the patent right or the intellectual property. So, although Chinese people pay enormous time and effort to produce products, they can only gain little profit. Americans, on the other hand, gain the major part with little effort, so they must design the products by themselves. What’s more, Americans don’t believe the fashion taste and the creativity of Chinese people. The prejudice upon Chinese people has been established for a long time, though China has made a step further and can speak loudly for themselves on the international arena. Americans think Chinese people are lack of creativity and they only copy others and haven’t formed a sense for intellectual right, so they will design by themselves instead.

Though with a little profit, China still becomes the place for manufacturing. So, what are the advantages and disadvantages for China producing products for America?

As for advantages, firstly, China can enhance the international fame in this way. All the products produced by China will be tagged with “Made in China” , people, no matter where they come from, will encounter a China-made here and there, so they will be impressed by China’s identity and get the idea that China is developing rapidly and its products are sold all around world. The international influence of China is thus produced. Secondly, so many people are losing their jobs everyday in China and some of them even starve to die and commit crimes to gain some money. Producing for America will provide some job opportunities for the job-seeking people, though they may earned little with the job provided, they can avoid starving. Many people will be rescued from the abyss of joblessness, the crime rate will be largely reduced, and the society will be more harmonious as a result. Thirdly, producing for Americans will attract more foreigners with large asset to come into China and enjoy the real charm of China. They will be given a chance to be absorbed in Chinese great changes and the society, and they may find that the China’s market is so promising that they want to try their hands at. What’s more, the exchange between Chinese and the foreigners will surely bring some spark in the art, business circle, educational circle etc. These will all bring more everlasting benefits than simply gaining some profit. At last, producing for America will bring some profit to China. As a study figure out, “In 2000, the Chinese manufacturing goes beyond 30000 hundred billion yuan, which account for more than 34% of the total gaining.” (2008, 50) The profit gained will be invested to some areas which will promote the development of China in all aspects.

As for the disadvantages, I think, mainly lies in the profit distribution. We all know that China gains a little in the producing while America gains the most part with little effort. In other words, Chinese people are now working hard to make profit for the Americans. What an astonishing and regretful fact it is! We are helping make other countries better instead of bettering our own country! “So, we must try to gain the added value of our products and tighten up the legal system to protect the intellectual rights, so a society where every one can feel assured to create something and no copies will find a place in the market.” (1993, 225) Secondly, we produce for America means we rely on America to some extent. As I analyzed above, Americans actually provide job opportunities for our country and a part of our fiscal revenue comes from Americans, so when their economy breaks down, we will be influenced badly, and by that time, so many people will lose their jobs again and our economy will undergo a hard time, which will destroy the society’s harmony and the development of the society.

Producing products for America has its own disadvantages and advantages. We, Chinese people must work out ways to avoid the disadvantages and make use of the advantages to make our country outshine in the international market.

 

References:

·[1] Amiti, M.,S. Wei."Fear of services outsourcing. Is it justified?". Economic Policy. 2005

·[2] Smith, Adam. An Inquire into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. 1776

·[3] Swamy, P.A.V B. "Efficient inference in Random coefficient Regression models". Econometrica. 1970

·[4] Tomiura, Eiichi,Ito, Banri, Wakasugi, Ryuhei. "Cross-regional Variations in Offshore Outsourcing Choices: Evidence from Firm-level Data". RIETI Discussion Paper Series 08-E -029. 2008

·[5] Trefler, Daniel. "The Case of the Missing Trade and Other HOV Mysteries". 1993

 

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