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The ethics of regulated prostitution

2020-07-30 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

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下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- 文章讲述The ethics of regulated prostitution,自从存在悠久的卖淫以来,受监管的卖淫一直是道德讨论的主题。自然,有组织的卖淫道德一直在争论中。通常,大多数人根本无法接受以金钱为目的卖性的想法,并认为这是不道德的。但是,为了彻底研究这种有争议的问题,必须从实践的积极和消极后果两个角度审视实践本身的伦理。

 

The ethics of regulated prostitution

Regulated prostitution, ever since age-old existence of prostitution, has been the subject of moral discussion. Naturally, the ethics of regulated prostitution have been continuously debated. In general, most people simply cannot accept the idea of selling sex for money and regard it as immoral. Nonetheless, in order to thoroughly look into such contentious issue, the ethics of the practice itself must be examined in terms of its positive and negative consequences.   

Regulated prostitution in effect publicizes sex work and declares it as legal. From a moral perspective, it can be argued that sex trade is a victimless crime in which both parties (prostitutes and johns) consent to the business so long as there is not a victim and no one is hurt. Moreover, in most societies, having sex with individuals you are not married to can be morally accepted and is legal. Besides, individuals have the right to exercise their free will on the premise that they make a rational choice and the freedom they enjoy does not limit other people’s freedom. In a liberal society, individuals offering to sell his/her body for sex are morally acceptable, then charging it for fees should not be seen as illegal as fess do not turn something legal into something illegal.

From another perspective, regulated prostitution does not only publicize prostitution, but also serves to help those women in the profession. Since prostitution is unavoidable in almost any society for various reasons, it is best to regulate the industry in the hands of government, which corresponds to moral aspiration of the society as well. One main “occupational hazard” for prostitutes is health issue, which can be solved by practice stipulated in regulated prostitution such as registered brothels, weekly checkup for sex workers, guaranteed access to sex education, doctors, contraceptives that prevent the transmission of STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases), and medicines, etc. It has been proven that in countries that legalize prostitution, the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases in the sex industry is much lower than that of countries that criminalize prostitution. What’s more, in countries where prostitution is legalized and periodic examination on sex workers is required, the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases is even lower. Besides, legalized prostitution can accelerate the establishment of unions and thus better defend the employment rights of sex workers who are subject to the abuse and undue deduction of wages from their pimps.  

For the society as a whole, countries that legalize prostitution boast a higher level of security both in an emotional and a physical way than those that do not. Regulated prostitution also serves to reduce human trafficking, rape, and lower crime rates. In general, the number of rape drops with legalized paid sex easily accessible. And the cases of human trafficking are reduced because when prostitution is legalized, the number of prostitute increases and the need for middle trade is reduced.  

With all the advantages of regulated prostitution mentioned above, its negative consequences should also be examined. For all the benefits that regulated prostitution brings, prostitution is simply regarded as morally wrong for some cultures and religions and legalized prostitution is morally degrading for the society as a whole. What’s more, having sex with people other than spouses is unacceptable in some cultures as well. Legalized prostitution adds to the instability of family as husbands are more likely to cheat on their wives when prostitution is legalized, and vice versa.  

For prostitutes, it is often argued that prostitutes do not really choose to be a prostitute, instead they take this profession because there are no other alternatives, in other words, they are in effect forced into prostitution. This could be a decisive factor in determining whether or not prostitution is legitimate in a specific area. Whether or not coercion exists could be figured out by the economy and population inflow of the area. Therefore, prostitutes can be divided by their different motivations, and prostitutes willing to rake in money and those forced into the profession. For the latter, legalized prostitution can barely hold water.

With the ethical analysis presented above, a social experiment done in Netherlands may provide some insights into this issue. In 2000, the Dutch government legalized prostitution, an industry which was greatly visible and prevalent in the country. Fourteen years on, it turns out that the result is not one bit what was expected. With the original good intention of better protection for women, legalized prostitution merely expands the trade. “Rather than confine the brothels to a discrete part of the city, the sex industry has spilt out all over Amsterdam – including on-street. Rather than be given rights in the ‘workplace’, the prostitutes have found the pimps are as brutal as ever. The government-funded union set up to protect them has been shunned by the vast majority of prostitutes, who remain too scared to complain.” (Bindel)

Instead of carrying out better protection for women, Amsterdam has turned into a magnet of tourist looking for sex service and the so-called sex tourism comes into existence. Amsterdam became a place of brothels in Europe and has women “imported” from Eastern Europe, Africa, and Asia in order to satisfy the market demand. The violence that the industry entails is not reduced, and human trafficking increases. Street prostitution became a notorious phenomenon in Amsterdam. In the so-called red light district, women are “displayed” though windows with men passing by laughing and pointing at them. Women other than prostitutes are accosted on street by pimps or johns.

The social experiment of Netherlands proved to be a catastrophe to all the parties involved in the society. There is not a place in the world other than Netherlands that legalizes street prostitution, and this is what comes of it. What the Netherlands example demonstrates, is decidedly not an objection to regulated prostitution, instead, it poses a question about what should be proper regulation, how protection of women can be achieved with regulated prostitution and how the next “European brothel” can be prevented. Regulated prostitution, all in all, means more than a moral question.            

           

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[1] Bindel, Julie, Why even Amsterdam doesnt want legal brothels [M]. United Kingdom: Press Holdings, 2013.

 

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