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China is a unified and rich country

2020-07-27 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

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下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- China is a unified and rich country,文章讲述根据马可·波罗(Marco Polo)的说法,中国是一个统一而丰富的国家,有着一种奇怪的宗教信仰。我们发现在我们阅读的书中许多地方都出现了类似的描述性词语。这是一个典型的例子,简要介绍了曼子市钦江府:“人民是偶像崇拜者,服从大汗,并使用纸币。

 

China is a unified and rich country

According to Marco Polo, China is a unified and rich country with a strange kind of religion belief.

We can find that similar descriptive words appear in many places of the book we read. Here’s a typical example, a brief introduction of Chin-kiang-fu, a city of Manzi: “The people are idolaters and subject to the Great Khan and use paper money. They live by trade and industry. They have plenty of silk and make cloth of gold and silk of many varieties. There are merchants here of wealth and consequence. There is no lack of game, both beast and bird, and abundance of grain and food-stuffs.” Every time when the writer begins to depict a new city, these words will appear, though some differences in diction may exist. Sometimes nothing else is talked about the city except for these words. So I believe that these words suggest Marco Polo’s basic impression of China. Then what information can we get from these words?

First, China is unified and stable. The strongest evidence this book presents is that most cities Marco Polo visits are “subject to the Great Khan”, which means the country is unified in politics, and “use paper money”, which suggests the unity of economy. Some rebellions and military conflicts are mentioned, but all of them happened some years ago. Although some cities have large populations, the book emphasizes that most citizens don’t like wars and they’re lacking in military training. In some big cities which are very important in economy, a good garrison system is built. But there’re also exceptions, some citizens don’t like their new kings because their nature kings are driven out by them. Another kind of unity is linguistic, at the end of the part of this book, Marco Polo figures out that though many dialects exist, people in different regions still can understand each other without a lot of difficulties, which suggests that China is unified in language and writing, too.

Second, China is very rich. The book emphasizes it in many different aspects. When depicting a city, its scale and population are often mentioned. A big city not only has a large area and a large population, but also has many affiliated cities. Business is the most important part of a city’s economy. Products imported, exported, and sold in the market are mainly salt, cereals, flocks, silk and so on. Some cities own a large number of ships and very good ports. Certain parts of some cities are designed to be of commercial use, and they’re so crowed in market days. Some business men and their lives are depicted, too. They are rich and very interested in different kinds of entertainments, and their wives are often wearing expensive ornaments. Some cities’ architecture is described in details. The magnificent palaces, the large amount of stone bridges, the decoration of buildings, the shops, etc. all provide evidences for China’s material abundance.

However, not all aspects in economy of China are paid attention to by Marco Polo, so his judgment may be biased. For example, though many cities are depicted in detail in the book, few villages are mentioned. In general, life in city is much better than it in village. According to Marco Polo’s experiences, China’s cities are prosperous and most citizens live happy lives through commerce and industry. But we can’t conclude without doubt that farmers in villages are also rich and happy. They may be exploited badly, or they may aren’t able to enjoy the ample goods and entertainments in cities. Marco Polo’s another ignorance is the life of low class. He tells us what life is like of high class, which mainly consists of officers, successful business men and their families. Life of high class is very comfortable, the ladies are very aware of decorations, people in this class often visit beautiful gardens by carriage or have some fun in boat, etc. But he talks very little about the low class. Do they live moderate lives or poor ones? Is the gap between the rich and poor broad? We can’t know the answers from Marco Polo’s narrates.

Finally, China is a country with religion belief, though it’s an idolatrous and mysterious one. The book mainly tells two examples. The first one is about the lost-found idols. People can find their lost things through an old woman who can communicate with those two idols, and Marco Polo himself finds his lost ring in this way, which must impressed him deeply. The second example is that Chinese connects planets with birth, and makes decisions, including very important ones like marriage, according to this connection. Of course this kind of religion belief is very different with the Christ one, but it must be noticed by Marco Polo, that’s why he depicts most cities with “the people are idolaters” and intentionally tells these two stories.

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