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Philosophy of ancient Chinese poetry

2020-07-16 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

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下面51due教员组为大家整理一篇优秀的代写范文- Philosophy of ancient Chinese poetry,供大家参考学习。这篇文章讲述的是通过描述演唱对象来表达情感的方法在中国古代诗歌中已被广泛使用。通过使用这种方法,诗人可以自由地打破现实的束缚,并沉迷于他们梦dream以求的事业中。通过所有这些冒险,这些诗揭示了他们的热情和一些哲学概念。宋代诗人陆游的“梅花三号”和苏Shi的“远古红崖倒影”的苏诗只是两个很好的例子。

Philosophy of ancient Chinese poetry

The method of expressing emotions through describing concert objects have been frequently used in the Chinese ancient poems. By using such methods, the poets are free to break the cage of really and to fall in the exultation of their dreamed ventures. Through all those ventures the poems reveal their weltanschauungen as well as some philosophical concept. The “Plum Blossom three” of the Song dynasty’s poet Lu You and the “Reflections on the Ancient Red Cliff--To the tune of Niannujiao” of Su Shi are just two good examples to illustrate.

It is already known from the name of the “Plum Blossom three” that Lu is a poet who was fond of eulogizing plums. However, this very poem for plum is peculiarly meaningful and different from others. Literally understanding, the poem described the scene of plum blossomed in a cold windy wither morning. To be more specifically, the poem is translated as following:

“I heard that the plum blossom on the mountain have already started to bloom in the cod winter wind, and the plum blossom all over the mountain make it just as pure as the sown that falls down from the sky. I just want to know in what way I can separate my body into thousands of part, so that I am free to stand in front of each plum tree to see the blossom to bloom.”

The upper section of the poem depicted the wide scene of the plum blossom all over the mountain, using both realistic and analogy methods to manifest the traits and ventures of the plums, which respectively to be its purity and the tenacity that allows it to for on a freezing morning and is capable to be compared with the innocence of the snow. The lower section then talks about how the author loved the plums that he even wished to separate, or to copy himself into thousands of pieces and want to watch each plum blossom to bloom in the winter day. This is definitely an obsession to the plum blossom, while the author tried to express his pursuit of nobleness and unsulliedness by converting himself to the plum. This could be understood as the Lu thought he share the same ventures that the plum blossom has. The purity and the tenacity of the plants were just the poet thought himself of. And when he asked about how could he transformed into thousands of pieces, it is actually a sign that he is making an analogy to the plum. Thus,because of the same ventures that appeared on the plums and the poet, he was then able to transformed into the plum. Or in another word, those two thing, the blossom and the human became one. And this is a typical example of a spirit of venture makes two different things linked together and they are free to convert for each other , and by different things, I mainly mea a natural object and a creature. This is the hoary of Taoism, as people referred to as the Equality of things.(Y Z, Han. 2013) This theory firstly and well explained in the classic paragraph of Peripateticism, written by Zhuang-Tsi. Considering the plights in reality, Zhuang-Tsi viewed spiritual freedom as the ultimate idea of life. And that the same spirit is free to choose its physical form or its appearance as long as the spirit lives. Thus, as Lu considered himself to be pure and tough, just as the plums supposed to be in the winter wind, they were connected by the spirit of purity and tenacit. Technically speaking from the aspect of the Zhuang-Tsi theory, they were free to transform into one another—mainly means that Lu was free to transform into the plum blooms and then turn back to himself. Not only were they of the same spirit, but they also live in one another. This is a form of the fundamental element of dialectics in Taoism which is based on idealistic theories where spirit is the central of the universe.

The “Reflections on the Ancient Red Cliff--To the tune of Niannujiao” of Su Shi is also another classic of the Song dynasty’s poem, for thousands of years it is sang by hears and people with lofty ideals to express their ambitions to the world. The poem itself is also a success in its writing technic.To understand the poem, I may explain it by translating it to ordinary English:

“The Great River flows eastwards,

Sweeping away all the series of the history,

For thousands of years, valiants and heroes are no more.

West of the ancient fort, they say, stands The Red Cliff

Duke Zhou of the Three-Kingdoms’era used to fight a great war here.

Rocks pierce the sky, shore-tearing

Waves swirl into piles of snow.

What a glorious sweep of land,

Once a stage for so many a hero!

My thoughts drift to those years when Zhou

Had newly married the beautiful Qiao,

Vigour and valour aglow.

A feather fan and a silken hat in his hand,

He masterminded the fire-attack on the enemy,

Over a casual chat

To see their fleet perish, blow by blow.

Back from my mental vagrancy in that bygone age,

I must laugh at myself: letting sentiments grow

In an early age appeared grey hair on my head

But isn't life a dream, after all?

Let me pledge this cup to the River,

Leave me alone drinking and toast to the moon.”

The upper section of this song is also focused on the description of the view that the author have seen. Su started from the scene of the continuously flowed great river of Yangtze,which reminded hime of the heroes the river has witnessed in those thousands of years,ever since the first human dwelled here, until the author himself, the river has never stopped flowing, but the human being has already generated for countless times. It seems that human longevity is so tiny compared with that of the great nature. However, as human spirit in trapped in idiosoma that is limited by time, human just cannot experience what the nature have gone through. Th ethers of the old time have survived great battles and wars, but they never survive the test of the time. Great have they done, but they left nothing to this world any longer. In the lower section Su wrote down his feelings and his emotions both for the ancient heroes and his own time. He realized that he had been pursuing the greatness of the past, the glory that has disappeared in the long run of the history, but when he look back to the reality and his own time,he found nothing but himself and the Yangtze River and the corrupted government . By the time he wrote this song, he is already 47 years old. Ambitious as he used to be, he was no longer strong enough for fight for his dream any more. What’s more, he was so frustrated. He expressed the feeling of despise of thinking too much, which led him to grow grey hair in an early age. The truth turned out to be he was lowered state by the government because of some misunderstanding of the officer in the capital government. Comparing himself with Zhou, who happened to be in his 30s when he defeated his enemy and married an extraordinarily beautiful noble lady. Su felt so shameful. The beautiful scene of the mountain and the river encouraged him to chase for his dream, but it also gave him the feeling of failure and frustration. How he hoped to fight for himself again. There was contradiction in his mind, but he still choose to stay in where he was in stead of fighting. He wished that the spirit of heroes should remain in the great view of the mountain and rivers. From this point the philosophy in Su’s song bears resemblance to that in lLu’s poem. Su was inactive, he gave up his faith in making a bright future for himself as well as for the country and started to find spiritual consolation from nature.He hoped to go beyond time and select a certain spirit to dedicate to the time. Such views of Su’s poem is typical idealistic. In this way the spirit is not again limited by time, it is free to combine with a certain natural object(Meng, Q. L., & University, L. 2015). Personally speaking, I regard such idea as the first time people try to break the limitation brought by the concept of time. Time is actually a physical concept, but in the far ending of the philosophy, physic and philosophy collapse and they become one, just as the spirit and material may combine in the universe we live.

The “Plum Blossom three” of the Song dynasty’s poet Lu You and the “Reflections on the Ancient Red Cliff--To the tune of Niannujiao” of Su Shi talk about different feeling of life, but they share much similarities in the philosophy behind the letters and characteristics.

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