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No need to maximize the utility

2020-07-15 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

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下面51due教员组为大家整理一篇优秀的代写范文- No need to maximize the utility,供大家参考学习。这篇文章讲述的是功利主义理论指出,最大的行动可以最大程度地发挥效用,这通常被定义为人类的福祉和利益。功利主义的创始人杰里米·本瑟姆(Jeremy Bentham)对它的描述是,这是一项行动所带来的全部乐趣,其中不包括该行动中的苦难。如果该行为有助于增加幸福感和幸福感,那是正确的行为。相反,如果它创造了相反的事物,则此举是错误的举动(EyalNir 4)。人们一生都在追求幸福。行动的唯一目的是获得他们想拥有的幸福。就这一点而言,如果功利最大化,功利主义就会对人们的日常生活产生负面影响。

No need to maximize the utility

The theory of utilitarianism states that the greatest action could maximize utility generally defined as well-being and benefits for human beings. The founder of utilitarianism, Jeremy Bentham, gave the description of it that it is the total pleasure from an action excluding the suffering in this action. If the action contributes to increase well-being and happiness, it is a proper action. On the contrary, if it creates the opposite things, this action is a wrong one (Eyal, Nir 4). People are always on the way of pursuing happiness in their whole life. The only aim of the actions is to gain the happiness they would like to own. In terms of this point, the utilitarianism has its negative influence on human’s daily life if the utility were maximized.

 

We can describe the utilitarianism briefly that it is to maximize the total utility or to obtain the best happiness by most people. Supposed that our society maximize the utility and the following examples will show results. First of all, if a dead donates his healthy organs to save other patients, in principle, he does a great thing. And then, there are two patients need an organ to save them but the cure rate are 80% and 20% respectively. If the later one were willing to give up the chance, is it right according to the theory of utilitarianism? Could we come to a conclusion: a healthy people go to the hospital to have a body check, supposed ten people could be saved by killing him. Is it ethical as per utilitarianism? The answer is obvious. In today’s society, it could not come true. Moreover, another example would also prove that we should not maximize utility. People could contribute to the interest of the whole society by smoking (McDaniel, Patricia 2). It might be ridiculous after reading these words. Why? Because the buyers have to pay high-tax when they buy the cigarettes contributed to increase the nation’s revenue which may be used to develop other social welfare. At the time, the tobacco industry grows and therefore, there are more employment opportunities. With the growth of smokers, the dead rate increase and it saves more pensions for aged people. It lessens the pressure of the society in terms of utilitarianism. However, it is apparently unethical to advocate smoking. The results always seem to be quite logical from the examples above but the progresses are absolutely inadvisable.

 

In conclusion, we should be clear that society is a community that composed of every single individual and everyone is one of the parts of it. We have to maintain it jointly. The utilitarianism completely ignores the right of the minority group. It is not a fair practice and it does not suit the society due to right equality (Kaswan, Mark 41). If we pursuit the advantage of the result blindly, the society would be in chaos. Although a person could benefit from his selfishness, it is not the truest happiness. That is to say only people join all together, can they get to the ideal happiness. In addition, the sense of happiness or pain could not be measured and the life as well. Different people have different feelings towards the same thing. Just as an old saying goes, “only the wearer knows where the shoes pain.”  

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