代写范文

留学资讯

写作技巧

论文代写专题

服务承诺

资金托管
原创保证
实力保障
24小时客服
使命必达

51Due提供Essay,Paper,Report,Assignment等学科作业的代写与辅导,同时涵盖Personal Statement,转学申请等留学文书代写。

51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标

私人订制你的未来职场 世界名企,高端行业岗位等 在新的起点上实现更高水平的发展

积累工作经验
多元化文化交流
专业实操技能
建立人际资源圈

Gender equality survey in Japan

2020-06-19 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

网课代修,网课代写,作业代写,北美代写,代写

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- Gender equality survey in Japan,文章讲述尽管研究表明,日本的态度正在朝着性别平等的方向转变,但仍然存在着基于女性和男性家庭角色的文化基础设施。自2008年以来,人们采取了更加直截了当的行动,力求实现两性平等。这是由于创纪录的低出生率和创纪录的高自杀率。研究表明,这些趋势在很大程度上归因于社会地位较低的那些人,她们认为自己更可取,尤其是妇女。自1980年代以来,日本的贫困一直在增加。日本也发现自己处于经济悬崖上。全球研究表明,妇女在整个社会中的利用是她们实现更大稳定和经济增长的最有保证的途径(4)。这引发了政府对性别平等的推动。尽管有更多的妇女在工作,但该运动的文化支持尚未取得成果。

 

Gender equality survey in Japan

OCTOBER 5TH, 2012BY KATIE MCGREGORCATEGORY: CULTURE

 

Sometimes I forget that it took a lot of strong, powerful people to give me the equality that I take for granted today.

 

Although studies indicate that attitudes in Japan are changing towards gender equality, there is still a cultural infrastructure based on feminine and masculine domestic roles. Since 2008 there has been a more vocal move towards greater gender equality. This was due to record low birth rates, and record high suicide rates. Studies indicated that these trends were in great part due to those members of society that were of lower status, and considered themselves to be more dispensable, most notably: women. Poverty had been increasing in Japan since the 1980s. Japan also found itself to be on an economic precipice; global studies indicated that the utilization of women in society as a whole was their most guaranteed path towards greater stability and economic growth (4). This initiated a government-based push towards gender equality. Although more women are working, the cultural backing for the movement has yet to come into fruition.

Statistics relating to gender equality

Income Ratio: (1)

The estimated female to male earned income

Japan has an income ratio of 0.44 and a rank of 45 out 65 possible values. The mean value is 0.5 indicating that Japan is below the global average.

Gender Equality Index: (2)

The Gender Equality Index (GEI) is a measure of the equality of women in a country based on relative education, economic participation, and empowerment. A GEI of 100 would indicate true equality, as of yet, no country carries an index of 100.

Of the 157 countries measured. Japan is ranked at 93 with a GEI of 59.

The mean value GEI of all 157 countries is 61, indicating that Japan has a GEI below the global average.

Women’s Economic Opportunity Index: (3)

WEOI- A quantitative and qualitative index determined by the following categories for women:

· Labor policy and practice

· Access to finance

· Education and training

· Legal and social status

· General business environment

· Japan has an index of 68.15 and an index rank of 32 out of 113 countries assessed.

Country

Income Ratio: (1)

GEI: (2)

WEOI: (3)

Sweden

0.67

88

88.21

Germany

0.59

78

83.94

Spain

0.52

77

70.52

Australia

0.70

75

80.46

Hong Kong

0.73

75

72.9

Canada

0.65

74

80.54

United States

0.62

74

76.72

Israel

0.64

72

70.21

Russia

0.64

71

50.34

Thailand

0.63

70

56.76

Mongolia

0.87

70

N/A

Poland

0.59

70

67.96

Ireland

0.56

69

76.41

Brazil

0.60

68

61.18

Greece

0.51

65

69.38

Chile

0.42

62

60.91

Mexico

0.42

61

60.39

Kenya

0.65

59

41.32

Japan

0.45

59

68.15

Malaysia

0.42

58

55.3

Zambia

0.56

56

36.85

Iran

0.32

54

33.02

Ethiopia

0.67

53

31.25

South Korea

0.52

53

66.22

United Arab Emirates

0.27

50

48.6

Niger

0.34

47

N/A

Morocco

0.24

45

44.11

India

0.32

41

42.68

Yemen

0.25

30

19.23

 

Table 1: Abbreviated statistics relating to gender equality of 29 countries. The table is ordered by value of GEI.

Overall, I believe the statistics support the claim that Japan does not have gender equality. When compared with other countries, Japan has an unacceptable inequality between the genders, especially considering other countries of similar economic and political stature.

Although statistics have thus far built my soapbox, my own personal experience and observations are why I chose to write on this topic. Women are not equal to men in Japan, and are not afforded the opportunity to act as an equal.

“Women are simultaneously victims of themselves as well as victims of men and are upholders of society by acting as mirrors to men.”

-Virginia Woolf

From my experience I have found that Japanese women are just as much the perpetrators of sexism as men. At my schools there are gender roles to the services done in day-to-day life. Lunch and tea are served by the women. This is true with no exceptions at any of my schools. Although there are female principals, the highest career rank in the school, they are still expected to serve their male subordinates.  At one of my schools all the teachers go into the cafeteria for lunch, the female teachers serve the lunches and assist the students, the male teachers only watch. I am exempted from these gender roles, because I am a foreigner. This seems odd to me, as it implies that they know what they are doing is wrong, but they have no desire to change.

 

Drinking is a delicate system of hierarchies and gender roles in Japan. The person of the highest rank is prioritized, their cup should never be empty. The elderly are prioritized over the young, bosses over subordinates, and men over women (9). Women are expected to serve men and each other. As much as I hate to admit it, I believe getting “shit faced” greatly diminishes the gender dichotomy. Rock bottom is the same, irregardless of one’s own anatomy.

Women’s option to get “shit faced” is hampered by Japanese culture, and by women’s fear of sexual assault. Japan cannot have gender equality until women are not sexually victimized.

The nature of culture and sex in Japan is infamous. There is a significant tourism pull based around sexual activities, whether it’s for animated porn, soaplands (bath brothels), hugely expensive sex dolls, sex toys, or the far to large market of trafficked women. The legal age of consent in Japan is 13, though most prefectures have laws making it older, and the average is 16 (10),(12). Unfortunately, the low age of consent subjects girls of a much younger age to sexual pressures. It also allows a market of sexual material that is illegal in all other OECD nations. Common themes that draw sexual tourism are fetishism, the deviance of subject matter, and victimization of women. These traits also perpetuate sexism.

One of the great facilitators of feminism in western cultures was the pill. It gave women the power to choose when to have sex, and who to have sex with. It simultaneously made sex a less deviant act, and made it less of a commitment (11). By taking away much of the prize nature of sex, men and women were able to enter into many more relationships as equals. It also gave women the opportunity to delay the age of pregnancy. This led to an increase in the number of women who got degrees. It also gave career women more time to look for a suitable husband, thus increasing the chances a woman would pursue a career path to begin with. The pill reduced the ‘sacrifice’ women made to work (5). The pill was not legal in Japan until 1999, the use of the pill is still very low, with only 1.3 percent of Japanese females between 15 and 49 using it (6). The social changes that the pill affected in the West are not yet prevalent in Japan. Japan is due for a sexual revolution.

 

Elbow grease and time are still the predominant method for completing household chores in Japan. Dryers, dishwashers, ovens, all tools for saving time (and energy!) on domestic chores are not widely available in Japan. None of these tools is environmental, a large reason for not using them in Japan, but they are locking women in the role of “homemakers” (7). The failure to use technology to eradicate the necessity for domestic labor diminishes the value of women (8). Laundry can easily become an all day commitment, it is acutely apparent that a change in the laundry system of Japan, would lead to an outstanding cultural shift.

Cleaning is generally done by the women. This is where Ben has been subversive for the feminine cause. He cleans. This is surprisingly subversive, and makes people feel quite awkward. They try to tell him, there is no need for him to help, but without admitting to sexism, they cannot come up with a reason to ask him to stop. I will act subversively by assisting with the men’s chores, which are generally those considered physically demanding. Because Ben and I are being helpful, we are simultaneously ruffling feathers, and being polite. We are foreigners, which gives us a free pass to make cultural faux pas. Ben and I take this as an opportunity to allow our foreignness shed light on the rampant sexism found in nearly all facets of Japanese life.

51due留学教育原创版权郑重声明:原创优秀代写范文源自编辑创作,未经官方许可,网站谢绝转载。对于侵权行为,未经同意的情况下,51Due有权追究法律责任。主要业务有essay代写、assignment代写、paper代写、作业代写服务。

51due为留学生提供最好的作业代写服务,亲们可以进入主页了解和获取更多代写范文提供作业代写服务,详情可以咨询我们的客服QQ:800020041。

上一篇:Please make room for the girl 下一篇:New Oriental Education technol