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A Discussion Of Economical Development Of Qin Dynasty

2020-03-20 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面51due教员组为大家整理一篇优秀的代写范文- A Discussion Of Economical Development Of Qin Dynasty,供大家参考学习。这篇文章讲述的是秦朝是中国封建社会第一个集权国家。秦朝在经济上取得了巨大的进步。本文旨在探讨秦朝经济是如何在秦朝得到如此良好的发展的。在农业生产方面,由于土地和人口的增加,秦代农业生产得到了发展。农业生产受土地、人口、气候等因素的影响。土地是农业生产的基本要素之一。“地主贵族”被废除了商鞅的改革,建立了“中央官僚机构”(Kielmas2017)。所以最常见的地主是官僚主义的地主,他们是靠军事功绩获得头衔的。秦始皇统一中国后,土地所有权的二元结构全面确立。

A Discussion Of Economical Development Of Qin Dynasty

The Qin Dynasty was the first centralized state in feudal society in China. In the Qin Dynasty, great economical advances were made. In this article, it is to discuss how the economy of the Qin Dynasty developed so well during the Qin Dynasty.

 

In terms of agricultural production, there was the development of agricultural production in Qin dynasty as a result of more land, and people. Agricultural production is affected by land, population, climate and other factors.  And land is one of the fundamental factors in agricultural production. “The landowning aristocracy” was abolished Shang Yang’s reforms and a “centralized bureaucracy” was set up(Kielmas, 2017). So the most common landlords are the bureaucratic landlords who won their titles by the military achievement. After Qin unified China, the double structure of land ownership is fully established. At that time the power of aristocracy of the six countries was weakening a lot, a large number of rich people were relocated to Guanzhong and other places. Thus, there was a small number of landlord class during the Qin dynasty. People is another dominant factor in agriculture. At the beginning of Qin dynasty, the vast territory of Qin was sparse, and the population of the country was few. In addition, it was necessary to have a large number of people to march to fight. But Qin in the process of eastward expansion, there was the timely addition of the labor, which is a very important factors in the Qin agricultural development . A large number of farmers owned a small land, and they attached to the feudal state. Thus, they are the main force to restore the development of agricultural production of Qin dynasty.

 

In addition, the improvement of farming tools and water conservancy also greatly promoted the economy development of Qin dynasty. The Qin state’s economy was based on agriculture(Kielmas, 2017). After the reform of Shang Yang in Qin Dynasty, a lot of monarchs of Qin regarded agriculture as basics in ruling the country and attached great importance to water conservancy construction. There was also promotion of iron and cattle farming. The Dujiangyan Irrigation System, Zheng Guqu, and other tens of thousands of ditches and dams built during the Warring States Period were still used after Qin's reunification. Moreover, with the construction of water and land transportation in the Qin Dynasty, a large number of new water conservancy facilities were built in Longxi, Guanzhong, and other counties, so that more farmland was irrigated. Thus, yield per unit area of farm lands was increased. Iron tools have been widely used in the Warring States. During the Qin Dynasty iron farm tools had some new development. Archaeological discoveries in recent years made people see a large number of iron plow, iron, iron hoe, iron sickle, etc.in the Qin Dynasty. Archaeological discoveries proved that they were quite widely distributed, and the shape of them has improved. The use of iron farm tools and cattle in farming was good to provide a convenient condition for the development of wasteland as farmland, the building of water conservancy, the increase of the efficiency of farming.

 

There is also of a universal standard developed as a result of Qin dynasty economic legislation and regulations, which had a huge effect on Qin dynasty 's economic development.The implementation of the central authoritarian system and the implementation of the county system needs the building of a universal standard.  Qin Shi Huang--- First Emperor of Qin ascended the throne, paid a lot of attention to the building of a series of universal standards in the various areas of economical sectors. After Qin Shi Huang--- First Emperor of Qin ascended the throne, he also enacted the law to regulate agricultural production to promote the development of agriculture. In terms of the handicraft industry controlled by the official government, there was relevant laws and rules made by Qin dynasty for the product specifications in order to make sure product specifications to be consistent. In addition, in order to protect the quality of products, the Qin Dynasty established a production responsibility system and product inspection and appraisal system. For product quota, labor calculation method was also developed. According to the season, labor, gender, age, proficiency, it was to calculate the number of products in different ways. As for the management of market trade, it was required for the sale of goods to have a clear price tag. It was Prime Minister Li Si who promoted standard weights and measure units all over the Qin Empire(ancient-china-history.com, 2017). In the Qin Dynasty, there were establishment of The “banliang,” as the single currency of the Qin state . Another sort of currencies and their use was forbidden. At last, a universal standard was set up on the use and management of weights and measures. Unified monetary system and the use of universal standards of other measures have provided conditions for economic development. A series of economic legislation have established a strict and almost harsh responsibility for different economic sectors.

 

 

To sum up, there are inseparable relationships between the development of Qin economy and . The rulers of the Qin Empire established a series of political, economic and cultural systems in the development of the empire. Especially the legislation of the economy has made important achievements to the development of economy.  The economic legislation made in Shang Yang reform has laid a solid economic foundation for the whole country's economy and for the later Qin dynasty’s competition for the Central Plains of China.  

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