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The Clarinet​​

2019-01-24 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The Clarinet,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了单簧管。单簧管是一种木管乐器,在17世纪由德国乐器制造商发明。最早用单簧管演奏音乐的是18世纪的夏安·罗杰。到了19世纪,单簧管才被大型管弦乐队所采用。从19世纪50年代开始,这种乐器逐渐发展成为现代乐器。由于它的范围很广,单簧管经常在风带中起带头作用。20世纪早期,它首次被用于爵士乐,自此成为了传统爵士乐的重要标志

Clarinet,单簧管,essay代写,作业代写,代写

Clarinet is a wood-wind instrument which was invented by the German instrument maker in the 17th century. The earliest known music played with clarinet is the set by Estienne Roger in the 18th century. It was only in the 19th century that clarinet was adopted by large orchestras. The instrument evolved into its modern from by the 1850s (Rice, 13). Due to its wide ranges, clarinet often assumes the lead in wind bands. It was first used in Jazz in the early 20th century, and has become an important symbol for traditional Jazz since.

The performance skills and musical expressiveness of clarinet have evolved in accordance with the diversification and development of music. Since the initial development of Jazz in New Orleans in the 1910s, clarinet was one of the major musical instruments used in a band. Traditional Jazz, originated from New Orleans and boomed in Chicago, is the generic name for Dixieland Jazz and Chicago Jazz (Kinzer, 285). As the earliest Jazz that can be heard nowadays, traditional Jazz emphasized on instrumental ensemble. Coordination of trumpet, clarinet, trombone, bassoon and drum, New Orleans Jazz gives people intensive exciting and vivid sensations. Clarinets in New Orleans Jazz were often responsible for the accessory melody, which is a significant and integrated part of the band. Sidney Bechet (1897~1959) was among the best clarinet plyers when Jazz was born. In the history of Jazz, Bechet was the first to make his own solo record playing soprano and clarinet. He is famous for the extensive use of tremolos in his performances. His musical achievements have made a name in the Jazz world is as big as Armstrong.

Entering the Swing era, clarinet remained as an iconic instrument for Jazz. Swing gained popularity in the 1930s. it often involved bands of twenty to thirty artists (Big Band). Therefore, the 1930s is also known as the Big Band era of Jazz music. From the musical perspective, the most significant feature of Swing, as the name suggests, is the way it makes the listener move along the music. Swing was believed to be the best music to dance to back then. In the Big Bands, there were usually several sub group in charge of different musical components. Benny Goodman (1909~1986) played an important part in 1935, as Swing became the most popular style of Jazz. His band was one of the most famous Big Band in the Jazz world, giving him the name the “King of Swing”. Goodman was trained to play clarinet since he was 11. He joined his first band in Chicago only five years later. By 1938, Goodman was one of the best in the band, and among the most popular Jazz artist in the country. His music weakened the African ethnic traits in Jazz, such as the heavyhearted melody and inharmonic sounds, but kept the rhythm in it. With the combination of Jazz and classical music, his Jazz became soft, swift and smooth (BennyGoodman.com). As the first white lead of a Jazz band, Goodman successfully brought Jazz to the white audience. Besides Goodman, Artie Shaw and Woody Herman are also great clarinet players in the Swing era.

After the 1940s, the Big Band era was coming to an end. Clarinet also stepped off the center stage of Jazz bands, as new styles of Jazz were developed. In the 1940s, Bebop emerged with the emphasis switched to improvisation and harmony. The most distinguished feature of Bebop is the speed and level of expertise of the artists. The extremely talented musicians were able to showcase their personality through bands of smaller sizes. The size of the band no longer mattered as individuality was celebrated. In the small bands of three to six members, each artist was experimenting with music continuously in their performances, both consciously and unconsciously (JazzinAermica.com). Different musical instruments took turns to solo, and rapidly switching between different ones, making the performance unique and exciting. As saxophone required much simpler finger skills, which made it easier to adapt to the fast-paced Bebop performances, the role of saxophones became much more important, and clarinet was no longer the center of attention.

Cool Jazz and Hard Bop emerged roughly in the same ear as well. However, clarinet did not play an important part in the popularity in these music styles. The revive of traditional Jazz in the 1950s made clarinet a popular instrument once more. Many of the music create by Jazz artists, such as clarinet player Acker Bilk and his band Bristol Paramount even made into the pop charts (Ziefel, 7). As an instrument that emerged from the very beginning of Jazz, clarinet has become a symbol of Jazz itself. After reaching its peak in the Big Band era, clarinet was no longer the most essential element of Jazz, but it will always be imprinted in the gene of Jazz and continue to inspire future artists.

Reference:

BennyGoodman.com. Benny Goodman, the King of Swing. Accessed from: http://www.benny goodman.com/about/biography.html

JazzinAermica.com. Bebop: Style Sheets. Accessed from: http://www.jazzinamerica. org/jazzresources/stylesheets/10

Rice, Albert R. The Clarinet in the Classical Period. Oxford University Press, GB, 2003, doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342994.001.0001.

Ziefel, Jenny R. A Living Instrument: The Clarinet in Jazz in the 1950s and 1960s, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2002.

Kinzer, CharlesE. "The Tios of New Orleans and their Pedagogical Influence on the Early Jazz Clarinet Style." Black Music Research Journal, vol. 16, no. 2, 1996, pp. 279-302.

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