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The integrated management mode of American cyberspace

2019-01-19 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The integrated management mode of American cyberspace,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国网络空间的一体化管理模式。美国的白宫设立了网络安全协调办公室,在其统一协调下,各部门各司其职,形成政府层面的网络安全管理体系。其中,国防部制定网络整体发展战略和政策,运行和保护国防信息系统和网络;国务院负责与网络安全相关的外交工作;国土安全部作为联邦政府确保网络安全的核心机构,协调全国网络安全告警和关键信息基础设施信息共享;联邦调查局负责美国国内恶意网络活动;中央情报局、国家安全局负责国外网络空间恶意活动;商务部制定与网络安全相关的标准和框架;财务部、司法部也承担了一些辅助性管理工作。

cyberspace,美国网络空间的一体化管理模式,essay代写,作业代写,代写

The United States has established a leading position in the field of cyberspace by virtue of its huge information technology advantages. However, the huge scale of the development of cyberspace and the rapidly rising level of digitalization, software and networking also make the United States face more problems in the management and security of cyberspace. In recent years, the United States has taken various measures to solve the management problems encountered in the construction and operation of cyberspace from the aspects of management organization construction, top-level design, military-civilian cooperation, international cooperation, procurement management and supply chain security management, forming a unique integrated management mode of cyberspace.

At present, the cyberspace management system of the United States is mainly composed of three levels, namely, the government, the military and inter-ministerial cooperation institutions. They have a clear division of labor, form a system and cooperate with each other to jointly ensure the rapid development and safe operation of the cyberspace of the United States.

The White House has set up the cyber security coordination office. Under its unified coordination, each department will perform its own duties and form a cyber security management system at the government level. Among them, the ministry of defense formulates the overall network development strategy and policy, the operation and protection of national defense information systems and networks; the state council is responsible for diplomatic work related to cyber security. The department of homeland security, as the central agency of the federal government to ensure cyber security, coordinates national cyber security alerts and information sharing of critical information infrastructure. The fbi is responsible for malicious cyber activity in the United States; The cia and nsa are responsible for malicious activities in cyberspace abroad; The ministry of commerce formulates standards and frameworks related to cybersecurity; The finance department and the justice department also take on some supporting administrative work.

The U.S. cyber command was established in 2009 to plan, coordinate, integrate, synchronize and direct operational activities, and the services have established a cyber operations command to support the cyber command. The cyber command presents operational and information assurance requirements to the dod cio, who sets specific policies, processes, and standards.

In 2013, the us department of defense adjusted the cyber command, dividing the forces under its jurisdiction into cyber protection force, national mission force and combat mission force, so as to clarify its responsibilities. Among them, the network protection force is responsible for the army's network security; The national task force is responsible for securing the nation's electrical grid, financial institutions, and other critical infrastructure. The mission force is responsible for providing cyber attack capabilities to regional commanders.

The United States has formed a cover of homeland security, intelligence, defense, law enforcement network space in four areas of emergency system, set up an inter-departmental, national telecom, the computer emergency response team coordination centre, the national center for network security, industrial control system network of emergency response team, the national response coordination center, national infrastructure coordination center, the national network survey joint task force and other institutions, effectively strengthen the collaboration between departments, improve the ability to deal with emergency network space.

The United States has further enhanced the strategic position of cyber security in national security, guiding the administration of cyber security by formulating or revising policies and legal frameworks. In recent years, the United States has launched a series of strategies and policies, such as the international strategy for cyberspace and the national strategy for trusted identity authentication in cyberspace, basically establishing a strategic policy system at the top level of the country, and planning the overall construction of the us cyberspace force from the perspectives of diplomacy, economy, intelligence, military and technology.

In addition to developing strategies and policies, the U.S. department of defense has issued a series of top-level documents on cyber operations, which guide the management of cyber operations and specify the authority and responsibilities of various agencies. The U.S. cyber command concept of operations, version 1.0, defines the command coordination relationship between the cyber command and the various services and regional commands in the course of operations. In June 2012 issued the CanLianHui network transitional command and control plan of action, will be a bigger network attack and defense rights granted to the combat command, in the center of each war zone set up joint network unit and network security forces, according to the combat troops in battle plan and action plan and implement the corresponding network, network operation and operation integration, maximize combat effect. In March 2013, the us-led NATO issued the international law applicable to cyber warfare -- tallinn handbook, which clarified the principles that NATO countries should follow when launching cyber attacks and countermeasures that can be taken to defend against cyber attacks.

The network technology research and development management agency is composed of a steering committee led by the assistant secretary of defense for research and engineering and related work organizations, responsible for solving common and basic problems and cross-departmental coordination work; The defense information system administration, the defense advanced research projects agency and the military research institutes are responsible for the management of technology research and development; Related information technology companies and large defense companies undertake specific research and development work for the military, while the military also accelerates the absorption of commercial cyberspace technology. Through this model, the United States can more efficiently solve the contradiction in talent, technology, management and capital.

The U.S. military has established interagency collaboration with the departments of homeland security, energy, the fbi, the cia, and the national security agency. If the source of the attack is determined to be overseas, cyber command, cia, and nsa will be in charge; If the attack originated at home, it would fall under the purview of the fbi and the department of homeland security. Such a move would effectively improve the government's ability to deal with cyber emergencies and reduce duplication of efforts in the establishment of cyberspace authorities.

The United States government attaches great importance to strengthening exchanges and cooperation with other countries' governing bodies. In 2010, the United States and the European Union initially reached a cyberspace cooperation strategy covering military and civilian fields. In 2012, America military and the militaries of Japan, South Korea and other countries strengthened cooperation in cyberspace. In 2013, the United States and the Japanese government reached an agreement to strengthen cooperation between the cyberspace management agencies of the two countries in the areas of cyber threat information sharing, international coordination and cooperation on cyber security policies, and combating cyber threats in critical infrastructure.

The fiscal 2011 defense authorization act according to the need of network space and equipment in low degree, importance, cost, technology complexity, risk, etc, put forward a "quick process" and "prudent application" two kinds of procurement procedures, and to further deepen the adjust procurement procedures, reform the related decision-making management system and cumbersome decision-making review process. The navy rapid acquisition and deployment information assurance and cyber security capability, released at the end of 2012, also proposes three acquisition procedures for different applications of cyberspace systems.

Equipment used for cyberspace after failure, the characteristics of the need to constantly upgrade, released in 2011, the department of defense "business system of defense procurement policy memos, and adopt the gradual acquisition mode, will be divided into multiple iterations, each procurement batch each iteration process implementation function and test evaluation, as soon as possible to find design defect and holes and adjust in time. In addition, American military understands the software upgrade in cyberspace as a continuous improvement. On the one hand, it fixes the existing defects through software upgrade; on the other hand, it meets the new network attack and defense requirements through software version update.

The U.S. military is attracting more innovative companies to bid by, among other things, establishing clearer bidding procedures to increase competition and efficiency. The air force plans to spend $9.89 million in fiscal year 2014 to support operations of unclassified offensive cyberspace systems, and to launch a complete follow-on contract for network logistics support within five years. To this end, the air force will conduct an open review and classification of operations around specific cyberspace operations to facilitate company tenders.

In order to understand the basic situation of the supply chain at all levels in the cyberspace, the United States has carried out a level-by-level review and evaluation activity for the network industry. The evaluation office under the bureau of manufacturing and industrial infrastructure policy of the ministry of defense and the technology evaluation office under the bureau of industry and security of the ministry of commerce are responsible for the implementation, and are supported by various military services, research institutes and consulting companies. Through the network space is the prime contractor and the subcontractor and low-level suppliers review and assessment of the system, the U.S. government can find the weak link of the supply chain and excessive dependence on foreign suppliers and competition insufficient link, direct defense of network supply chain management and risk early warning, supervision and network to support the ministry of defense of merger, split, and related industrial base policy, prevent the loss of key ability.

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