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The paradox of language in wilde's novels

2018-12-28 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The paradox of language in wilde's novels,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了王尔德小说中的语言悖论。王尔德在其小说中,经常使用到的悖论语言是关于生活哲理和人生感悟。王尔德小说悖论语言的一个重要特点,就是他会使用夸张的艺术手法,将句子写得悖于情理,但是如果读者经过深思熟虑的话,就会得到相反的观点。王尔德在小说中频繁使用这些悖论语言,成为王尔德对其质疑、进行解构的重要工具。

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As a representative figure of aestheticism, the paradoxical language in wilde's novels has strong ironic effect and artistic expression, and embodies wilde's unique aesthetic way. This paper defines the connotation and function of paradoxical language, expounds the paradoxical language in wilde's novels, and probes into the value of paradoxical language in wilde's novels.

Paradox is a comprehensive problem that can lead to contradictory conclusions and that brings together logic, mathematics, philosophy and linguistics. Any kind of paradox is caused by the logic of language and the way of knowing things. In literary works, paradox mainly contradicts analects of Confucius and narrative paradox. In his book paradoxical language, Brooks, an American critic, defined the connotation of paradoxical language and believed that "all kinds of linguistic planes are constantly falling, and eventually there will be various overlaps, differences and contradictions". He mainly used this paradox to analyze and elaborate the poetic language, and believed that the language in other literary genres would have similar characteristics and could fully express the author's intention.

Domestic scholars shu-juan lei thinks, "we will be in the literary creation and aesthetic objects from the perspective of the unity of opposites to projection, on the surface of language to present a paradox with reasonable combination of statements, written in mourning scene scene, from music scene's poignant scene, emotion and reason, in the opposite each other artistic technique of expression is called paradox phenomenon." Therefore, the paradoxical language in literary works USES literary language, which focuses on expressing the author's feelings and cognition of the world.

Brooks believes that in the process of literary creation, sometimes the author will deliberately destroy the stability of words so that words in literary works can modify each other. Although the original meaning of words is destroyed, irony and amazing rhetorical effect can be achieved. Therefore, Brooks summed up the characteristics of paradoxical language as irony and surprise.

Among all the paradoxical languages, wilde's comment on love and marriage is undoubtedly the most striking. "a person's love always begins with self-deception and ends with deceiving others. This is what people call romance. Wilde believed that the beginning and the end of love are deception, the difference is, the beginning of love is to deceive yourself, the end is to deceive others. Wilde's paradox of love, contrary to common sense, seems to be grandstanding, but it is not. Although love begins with two of a kind, this two of a kind is based on the cognition of personality, appearance, education, family and economy. This kind of cognition has a strong blindness in a certain period, especially at the beginning of love. In fact, in love, many lovers think that the other is their prince charming or Snow White, they are each other's "Mr. Right", even sometimes they can not believe this view, there is a strong self-deception. At the end of love, "it ends in cheating," wilde said. "The beauty of marriage," he said, "is that it becomes a necessity for the other person to become dependent upon it through cheating." In this paradox of marriage and love, wilde regarded the most contemptible "deception" of marriage as the most attractive thing and even called it the "necessity of life".

In wilde's opinion, marriage was regarded as a sacred thing in Victorian times, but actually it was hypocritical and unavoidable. Although Victorian political relatively liberal, she in many respects, has carried on the bold reform and innovation, but on the question of marriage is too conservative, when there are a large number of defending the feudal society chastity view and guard of marriage, this also is "Tess of the" and "Jude the obscure" and so on was born and anti-feudal novel important cause of social uproar, but also from a sense that as a final trial and was put into prison for Oscar Wilde. As a rebellious literary genre, aestheticism wilde as an important representative figure of, he fancied himself is the most rebellious artist after British byron, in his view, he has done is eccentric, as in its literary critic Epstein 1998 the New York review of books, "Oscar Wilde in his extreme aestheticism and playboy is not only face the challenge of the hypocrisy of the Victorian era, but also constantly challenged the most stubborn manners in British history." Wilde declared that "marriage is not as chaste and sacred as those feudal guardians said, but full of deceit and helplessness." He also believes that the reason why men and women get married is not because the relationship is on fire, but that men get married because they are tired, women get married because they are curious, and the result is not very happy, because the result is the same path, the end is disappointed. And if one falls in love at first sight and stays together all one's life, then "those who are faithful see only the triviality of love, and only those who are unkind really feel the pain and tragedy of love." Wilde believed that pain was just a synonym for beauty. He wrote in prison, "the most horrible place in prison is not to break your heart, because the heart is made to be broken. In other words, the numbing and numbing thing loses its existence value, so pain has its real value and significance.

Oscar Wilde in his novel, is often used to striking paradox language philosophy about life and the life feeling, etc., "only the shallow people never judge a book by its cover" "of people who pray and response should be always can not get to satisfy, otherwise he can only to be a messenger and is no longer a prayer" "for the attractive people, if I say, are those who spoil, this is what they charm", "anyone can make history, only a great man can write history" "crime is not vulgar, but vulgar must be crime" "superficial quality can forever, "Waste is the luxury of the poor, extreme poverty is the luxury of the rich." "a smile is a good beginning to a friendship, but it is the worst ending."

"Only superficial people can't judge a book by its cover" sentences, the author does not have any fuzzy or hidden metaphor, meaning but the statement with the traditional "shallow men judge a book by its cover, in contrast," a wise man, although seemingly fallacy, wilde's language actually played an amazing art rhetorical effect, also more clearly illustrates his unique insights, "superficial people aren't clear understanding to the appearance and inner, are indispensable". After all, appearance is what affects people's first impression. Life has taught us that it's hard to impress a person if their looks are boring. And that's the conventional wisdom. An important feature of wilde's paradoxical language in his novels is that he would use exaggerated artistic techniques to write sentences that go against common sense, but if the reader thinks carefully, he will get the opposite view.

Wilde frequently used these paradoxical languages in his novels, which became an important tool for wilde to question and deconstruct them.

The paradox of language is characterized by paradox. Wilde made use of the feature of language paradox and the special language form of language paradox to criticize the upper class at that time and express his dissatisfaction with many unfair phenomena in this society. In short, behind wilde's seemingly contradictory paradoxical language lies his deep thought of bravely revealing and criticizing the social reality. Paradoxical language is also the feature of wilde's novels and other literary works. As stated earlier, Oscar Wilde paradox of language is a big part of the love and life philosophic theory and so on, through these conflicting language, such as exaggeration and counterarguments, era not only overturns the false morals and social customs, and shows his wise thoughts, brings together the abundant social imagination, concise into rich in philosophical ideas, strengthen the characters in the novel language expressive force, make the hero image more clear.

Wilde lived in an era when new social thoughts and trends emerged after the industrial revolution in Britain. However, some traditional social customs and Christianity suppressed people's thoughts, and people rebelled against and overturned the traditional life concepts and various social customs at that time. Wilde felt the hypocrisy of society with his keen eyes, deconstructed the "paradox" of language, reversed those well-known maxims of the police department, or propagated them as virtues that people regarded as unconventional things. In a word, wilde's paradoxical language, which seems illogical, ridiculous and contradictory, contains the most real social phenomena and triggers readers' deep thinking.

Wilde believed that the way of paradox is the way of truth. Through his life full of contradictions and paradoxes of art practice and life practice, he is the most comprehensive interpretation of this. In art and reality, wilde was always in the paradoxical thought and action in his life, and he skillfully connected it with his life practice and artistic creation, so that the paradox was reflected in his novels all the time and showed wilde's life destiny. Born into a wealthy family, wilde had a happy upbringing. Later, after completing the classical courses at trinity college, Dublin, he went to Oxford University for further study. Although he was not a serious and hard-working student, he could get good grades. Wilde, who has a good family education and school education, has a strong preference for fancy clothes. "In terms of language, wilde was fond of paradoxical language that deliberately went against the common sense, and his unique artistic thought and lifestyle accompanied him throughout his life. Wilde came to London to develop after publishing his first collection of poems. Although he has never won a single prize in literature, he has become a bit of a celebrity in London society and has even been caricatured in some magazines for his flamboyant, eye-catching clothes, maverick manner and unconventional manner of speaking.

But life has its ups and downs, its ups and downs. Wilde's darkest years began in 1895 when he was jailed for a lawsuit. Although wilde did not stop writing literature in prison, it was difficult for him to write classical literature, and his literary career was interrupted. Wilde left for Paris immediately after his release from prison. His health was in poor condition and he himself was inclined to commit suicide. Wilde lived in France until his death in Paris. As a representative figure of aestheticism, wilde's literary achievements ended there. No matter the spirited wilde or the gloomy wilde, his novel creation style has never changed and he is skilled in the language of paradox. In a sense, it is the most direct interpretation and explanation of his own "paradox" life.

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