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Freedom of movement in the United States

2018-11-07 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Freedom of movement in the United States,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国的自由迁徙。当今世界的美国,其公民可以任意前往任何一个州去居住,并且可以享受该州本地公民的一切权利,受到与本地公民完全同等的待遇,这就是迁徙自由权!但这项权利并非每个国家公民都拥有的。这是因为美国实行特殊的户籍管理系统,而且还有更重要的就是“自由”。与此同时,自由迁徙对于社会的进步也具有重大的意义。

Freedom of movement,美国自由迁徙,essay代写,作业代写,代写

"Freedom of movement is the right of every citizen to leave his or her country of origin and to travel, settle and find employment elsewhere. Freedom of movement can be divided into broad sense and narrow sense. In broad sense, freedom of movement refers to the right of citizens to leave their original places of residence and to travel or settle in other places within the prescribed scope. In the narrow sense, freedom of movement only refers to the right of citizens to travel and settle freely in the territory of the country where their nationality is located. Freedom of residence and movement is one of the fundamental human rights.

The basic human right of freedom of movement has been recognized by many international conventions and the constitutions of most countries. At the same time, many countries give corresponding regulations to protect the special rights of citizens. In addition, freedom of migration also has relevant characteristics. Firstly, freedom of migration has subjectivity, that is, freedom of movement represents a certain subjective will of human beings. Such freedom is not governed by external forces, but a freedom of movement governed by subjective will to choose a better life. Secondly, freedom of movement has its foundation, and the realization of this right is the foundation and premise for people to realize other rights. To some extent, the right to freedom of movement has a deeper meaning: equality. Such as equal distribution and enjoyment of social resources by citizens, non-discriminatory and equal treatment of citizens when they move."

For this right of the United States to have now such a wide range of application is also the result of the gradual development of society.

At the beginning of the nation, the United States was a typical federal country. The government's rights were based on the people. However, the poor citizens at the bottom of the United States did not have complete freedom of movement. At that time, the economy of the United States was relatively backward, and citizens of major states did not want beggars to come to their states to share the public welfare.

Later, "Americans' freedom of movement was expanded. After the civil war, the United States further established the right to freedom of movement, especially after the economic crisis in the 1920s and 1930s, the social status of homeless beggars has been greatly transformed and enhanced. Also, during world war ii, federal courts passed regulations supporting the migration of the poor. Since then, the court has repealed unreasonable local provisions through the due process and equal protection clauses of the fourteenth amendment. The full freedom of movement was established in the 1980s.

There are still some countries that cannot very well return this right to the people. This is because freedom of movement can easily lead to chaos in the movement of citizens in a country. However, in a federal country like the United States, the freedom of movement can be well left to the people to realize, which has to let us explore its reasons.

Every Chinese citizen is born with a household registration that restricts our freedom of migration. On the contrary, there is no such strict household registration system in the United States.

Some may wonder: how can the local government effectively manage the flow of citizens without a household registration? This is due to a unique system of "household registration" in American society.

U.S. governments at all levels obtain information about their citizens from the department of motor vehicles. That's because in the United States, nearly all U.S. citizens have a driver's license, and according to regulations, vehicles that have been in a place for more than 15 days must be registered, otherwise they are deemed invalid and drivers must be deported. Therefore, information about the local inflow and outflow of residents can be obtained by changing the vehicle registration information. In the United States, a driver's license is an identification card, and a driver's license is required wherever identification is required. For those who can't drive or are not allowed to drive themselves, they have to go to the department of motor vehicles to apply for id CARDS,

In addition, the U.S. government can learn about residents' changes through their social security records. Every legal resident in the United States will have a social security card, and each card will have a social security number, the same as the id number of every person in China, also known as social security number. This is the basis for American citizens to receive social welfare security, so whenever they move to a new place, they will take the initiative to go to the social security agency to complete relevant changes, so as to achieve their social welfare without interruption.

Driver's licenses and social security CARDS have kept the flow of people in the world's most populous country in check at all times, so society is not out of control. Of course, this is a basic condition that guarantees the freedom of movement of the American people without chaos. Some people may notice that the big cities are not crowded with people because of the free movement between urban and rural areas.

In the economy, we all know that there is an invisible hand in the market. At present, we see people's enthusiasm for big cities, leading to higher and higher entry barriers for first-tier cities like Beijing, Shanghai, guangzhou and shenzhen. Therefore, enterprises will choose areas with lower production costs to start production again, and the labor force will flow into new areas with the transfer of enterprises. Therefore, we can say that "freedom" is actually the most effective regulation mechanism. From a macro perspective, if people are regarded as part of nature, the political and economic liberalism is essentially naturalism, that is, the doctrine that makes the laws of nature work, rather than the restriction of human freedom by human fantasy. This is the fundamental reason that the American people have complete freedom of movement without causing chaos in the movement of the American population.

Freedom of movement is everyone's inherent right, and one of the driving forces of sustained economic development. It is also an important symbol of whether a country has entered modern civilization. Therefore, a country's restriction of citizens' rights is bound to be detrimental to its own economic and political development. Although today's traffic is very developed, if there are strict household registration restrictions are also exempt from foreign ownership. Every year, hundreds of thousands of migrant workers in our country leave their homes to live in cities. For them, cities are not their home. However, this is not the case in the United States, where they can be locals wherever they go. Therefore, the development of a country requires the people to realize such rights. The status of the United States in the contemporary world is also inseparable from it to some extent. It is an immigrant country, and everyone can freely choose the place to develop.

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