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Posters during the war

2018-10-23 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Posters during the war,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了战争时期的海报在两次世界大战期间,海报以丰富的题材和最新的时事战局等内容,成为当时人们获取前线消息和政府宣传策略等的手段。海报具有强烈的视觉冲击效果,能够产生良好的信息传达作用和宣传鼓动作用。所以在战争期间,海报被广泛应用于反战宣传和提高士气等方面。战争期间,宣传正义、动员全民参战的海报设计吸引了许多著名平面设计师的参与,从而出现了许多极为杰出的设计作品。

Posters,战争时期海报,essay代写,作业代写,代写

During the two world wars, poster, with rich themes, touching stories, and the latest current events, became a very important means for people to get news from the front, understand the national form, and the propaganda strategy of the government. Poster painting has a strong visual impact, can produce a good role in information transmission and advocacy. Therefore, during the war, posters were widely used in anti-war propaganda, exposing the enemy, improving morale and encouraging production. During the war, many famous graphic designers were involved in the poster design of publicizing justice, attacking the enemy, and mobilizing the whole people to fight in the war, thus many outstanding design works appeared.

During the war, many famous graphic designers were involved in the poster design of publicizing justice, attacking the enemy, and mobilizing the whole people to fight in the war, thus many outstanding design works appeared. The personal expression of the poster, together with the special material, culture and spirit conditions in the war period, made the poster design techniques, layout style and other aspects different from the previous poster design style, leaving a strong color in the entire history of graphic design.

The poster styles of the first and second world wars are various, but according to the central theme of "war", the poster functions during the war can be roughly divided into several types:

Soon after world war ii, allied media began to expose the atrocities in Germany and Japan in order to make the domestic people realize the evil nature and great harm of the enemy. The theme first appeared in the cartoonists' work, but was quickly adopted by British and American poster designers. On allied posters, the elderly, women, and children became the biggest victims of the German invasion. For example, on a Soviet "revenge" poster, a woman holding a child who had been killed by the German army, was surrounded by a village in flames. Japan, on the other hand, is often portrayed as an unfaithful, brutal, dwarfed and evil nation.

"When two armies meet, the brave win", whether the front battlefield or the rear aid, morale is always one of the important factors to determine the victory of the war. High morale soldiers fought bravely, and high morale people in the rear were willing to take the initiative to raise money for the war.

In order to encourage soldiers, many posters have adopted ways of informing soldiers and the public at home about frontline operations, achievements or major events to achieve more realistic effects. Such as the Chinese posters "niang tzu guan dacheng", the Soviet union's "glorious liberators of Ukraine", "soldiers, militia, women united in defence of Moscow", "the flag of victory placed over Berlin", etc. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the American posters designers quickly created a number of powerful posters based on this theme. The "remember December 7" poster vividly recreates the scene that Americans will never forget.

In addition, many recruitment advertisements are also delivered through poster form. Posters of this type include "put on the most powerful wing, share the blue sky with the marines," "get ready to join the U.S. Marine corps," and "America is calling, join the U.S. civil defense," among others. Allowing women to join the army was arguably one of the most remarkable breakthroughs of the 20th century. During the World War I, 11,000 women served in the armed forces in the United States and Britain. However, they are mainly engaged in non-combat tasks such as nurses, secretaries and cooks.

War is a comprehensive contest of economic and material production strength. In the face of the protracted World War II, no country can be said to be adequately prepared to consume enormous resources. So, countries have to create new institutions and policies during the war to produce food and supplies quickly and in large quantities. In the early days of the war, workers were often described as soldiers in the rear. The poster designers compared the workers on the rear with the fighters on the front, and stressed that their work was of equal importance and necessity for winning the war. For example, in the pun poster, the workers' drill is parallel to the machine gun in the hands of the soldiers, showing that the rear production is as important as the front combat.

In fact, raising war funds is the same as encouraging production to guarantee the supply of resources, but it has a more intuitive way of raising war funds: issuing war bonds, stamp duty tickets, lending money to Banks and enterprises, launching private organizations to donate money, aircraft, artillery, and so on. Of all the poster types, the call to buy war bonds is by far the largest. The poster, "all in one," features marines planting the American flag on the peak of iwo jima. Originally one of the most famous war pictures of the World War II, it was later used by the U.S. Treasury to make posters and sell war bonds. In addition, many companies, private organizations and commercial organizations print war bond posters, some in cooperation with the government, others entirely at private expense. War money is like ammunition when you compare a country's military to a machine gun that attacks the enemy.

Since the United States began to resist relatively late in world war ii and its domestic economy was less affected by the war, American posters are generally used in the design way of other allied countries' war posters, which are far superior in quality and quantity to other countries. American war posters generally use full-color printed realistic style posters created by artists. We'll have a lot to eat this winter, mom, won't we Planting my own cans "is a scene of mother and daughter making cans in a realistic way. The whole picture is natural, happy, the little girl's happy face and her mother's firm posture to stabilize the confidence of the American people in the war at that time.

Throughout the Soviet union were Allies during world war ii in the Anti-Japanese War time is longer, the front one of the more widely, the domestic economy and people's livelihood is affected by the war, but as a result of the Soviet union in the early years of the war the comprehensive national strength is stronger, so, although the poster design there are no American poster design style diversity, costly, but is still relatively good posters from China. At the same time, in terms of design style, the Soviet war posters generally used red to represent the Soviet union and black to represent the invading states such as the nazis. For example, "under the direction of Lenin's flag, we march forward to victory" is a picture of Lenin in the center of the picture, below is the Soviet soldiers forge forward. The whole picture is red, with a strong Soviet style. "Bayonet through the throat of fascism!" A red bayonet with a five-star sign pierced the throat of the evil tiger. The tiger's mouth and bayonet, the red bayonet, the yellow tiger, the black swastika, constitute a very visual impact picture.

In the anti-Japanese base areas under the leadership of the communist party of China, posters called "propaganda pictures" were also put up in villages and villages, which vividly revealed the evils of the enemy to the anti-Japanese army and people, and publicized the importance and necessity of the Anti-Japanese War. But unlike the fine, colorful posters in Europe and the United States, the posters in China's anti-Japanese base area are mostly small, monochrome woodblock prints, and the paper is coarser. It also reflects the hard environment of the Chinese people during the Anti-Japanese War. Among the creators of these patriotic "Chinese war posters", some of them became well-known artists such as ye sheyu, gu yuan, yan han, li shaoyan and so on. For example, a poster designed by li shaoyan titled "the gift from the Soviet union to Hitler in 1942" shows three Soviet soldiers pressing Hitler into the coffin. The whole picture is painted in black monochrome, with the style of line tracing showing the victory of the Soviet union, to encourage the Chinese people's morale. Liao han's poster "burning yangming fort on fire" is a typical poster style during the Chinese war. The whole picture adopts the style of engraving. The black and white poster is solemn and solemn, and the strong sense of line in the air expresses the tense situation of the battlefield at that time.

During the two world wars, war posters with rich themes, beautiful pictures and moving contents were widely displayed in the streets, barracks, workshops and other public places of the warring states, forming a special landscape in that special era. With the passing of the war smoke, the past of the patriotic passion, rich in historical content and highly artistic war posters, has been gradually forgotten to the people do not know today. Through the war posters, we can also view the first world war and the second world war from a new perspective -- the perspective of art of war. While feeling the impact and shock brought by art of war, we can also appreciate the deadly struggle between good and evil.

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