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北美作业代写:Corporation financial risk

2018-09-13 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Corporation financial risk,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了企业财务风险。财务风险,指的是在各项财务活动中,由于内外环境及各种难以预料或无法控制的因素作用,导致企业在一定时期或一定范围内所获取的财务收益与预期目标发生偏离而形成的使企业蒙受经济损失的可能性。财务风险是无时不在和不可避免的,企业要想稳定地发展,就必须认真分析财务风险形成的原因,防范和化解企业的财务风险。

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Under the condition of market economy, every financial activity of an enterprise is faced with certain financial risk. How to correctly understand and guard against these risks has become an important issue in enterprise financial management. Financial risk exists objectively. Enterprise managers can only take effective measures to reduce financial risk, but cannot completely eliminate it. Financial risks of enterprises are also uncertain, which is very harmful to the development of enterprises. Therefore, it is necessary to study the causes of financial risks and preventive measures, so as to improve the economic benefits of enterprises.

Financial risk refers to the possibility of economic loss caused by deviation between the financial gain obtained by an enterprise in a certain period and a certain range and the expected goal in various financial activities due to the internal and external environment and various unpredictable or uncontrollable factors. The complexity of the external environment such as national politics, economy, culture and technology, as well as the internal environment such as people, finance and material all determines the existence of financial risks under the condition of market economy. Correct understanding of financial risks, strengthening the prevention of financial risks and improving the financial risk mechanism are the internal requirements for enterprises to improve economic efficiency and maintain steady development.

Financial activities are the precondition of production and operation activities. They are the organic unity of activities such as fund raising, investment, occupation, consumption, recovery and distribution. Risks may occur in various activities.

Financing risk refers to the risk that the enterprise fails to obtain the fund use benefit according to the established target and the enterprise fails to perform the contract according to the original requirement to meet the expected result of the fund supplier. Financing risk is the most important link in financial risk management of the whole enterprise. It is mainly manifested in the instability of capital use efficiency, unreasonable capital scheduling and unreasonable capital structure. The unreasonable capital structure plays an important role in the financing risk of enterprises.

Enterprise investment can be divided into inward investment and outward investment according to the investment of capital. The risk of inward investment is mainly due to the lack of detailed analysis and research on the feasibility of the investment project. The risks of foreign investment mainly lie in the lack of understanding of risks and blind investment, which leads to huge losses of enterprises.

The risk of capital recovery mainly refers to the risk caused by the uncertain recovery time and amount of receivables. In the sales process, due to the lack of understanding of customers' debt paying ability and credit status, as well as the unreasonable formulation of credit policies and settlement methods of the enterprise, blind credit sales of accounts receivable have been unable to be collected for a long time, thus increasing the collection costs and even becoming bad or bad debts.

The risk of income distribution refers to the adverse impact of income distribution on the enterprise's future production and operation activities. On the one hand, the risk of income distribution comes from the improper grasp of the form, time and amount of investors' distribution. On the other hand, it is the risk of income recognition, that is, due to the influence of objective environmental factors and improper accounting methods, less calculation of costs and more recognition of current earnings, so as to inflate current profits and make enterprises pay taxes in advance, leading to the financial risk caused by a large amount of capital outflow from enterprises in advance. Or it is to calculate cost cost more, affirm current income less, reduced profit thereby, affected company reputation. Therefore, enterprises should carefully choose accounting methods, reasonably confirm current earnings, and at the same time choose appropriate dividend policy according to their own situation, which will neither reduce the corporate reputation nor frustrate the enthusiasm of investors.

Financial risk exists in all links of financial management, and the causes of different financial risks are different. The specific performance is as follows:

The complexity and changeability of the macro environment of financial management is the external cause of financial risk.

The environment of financial management mainly includes economic environment, market environment, humanistic environment and legal environment. The complex and changeable external environment change may bring the development opportunity for the enterprise, may also bring the threat. If the financial management system cannot adapt to the complex and changeable external environment, it will inevitably bring danger to the enterprise. As is known to all, the financial risks brought by the subprime mortgage crisis have prompted the Chinese government to increase macro-control and the capital chain of enterprises is tight, thus increasing the pressure on enterprises to raise funds and repay loans and, in an invisible way, increasing the financial risks of enterprises.

Capital structure mainly refers to the proportion between the equity capital and the liability capital of an enterprise. Due to the unreasonable capital structure and high cost of liabilities, enterprises have a heavy financial burden and insufficient solvency, thus generating financial risks.

Enterprise financial managers have insufficient understanding of the objectivity of financial risks. As long as the enterprise has financial activities, there must be financial risks. Financial activities involve the whole process of enterprise activities, including investment, financing, profit distribution, inventory management, accounts receivable management, etc. Financial personnel simply believe that as long as the funds are well managed and used, there will not be risks, and they cannot fundamentally grasp the nature of risks, thus increasing the possibility of financial risks.

Financial decision error is an important reason for financial risk. The key to avoid financial decision-making error is scientific financial decision-making. There is a widespread with at present, the past experience or according to their own judgment to make decisions, the feasibility of investment projects is a lack of system analysis and research, lack of understanding of the risk of investment, resulting in the investment decision-making errors, make investment project cannot obtain the expected earnings, bring greater financial risk.

Financial risk is closely related to the survival and development of enterprises. As long as there is a market, there is a risk, as long as there is competition, but the risk is not so terrible, the financial risk of enterprises can be prevented and resolved through a series of measures.

The macroscopical environment of financial management is directly related to the survival and development of enterprises. The complexity and variability of financial management is one of the important reasons for the financial risk of enterprises. It exists outside the enterprise, the enterprise can't exert influence or control, so the enterprises should play their subjective initiative, analyze the macro environment changing financial management research, grasp its change law and tendency, and develop a variety of contingency measures, timely adjust the financial management policy and change management methods, to improve the quality of the financial management personnel, perfect each rules and regulations, make the enterprise financial management system run effectively, thus improve enterprise financial management macro changes adaptability and strain capacity, reduce because of macro environment changes and brings to the enterprise financial risk.

Only with perfect financial management system can enterprises achieve long-term development. The establishment and improvement of financial early warning system is the top priority of financial management. Financial early warning mechanism is a common method to enable enterprises to identify, analyze and judge the possible risks in advance, issue an alarm and prompt relevant personnel to prevent risks. The establishment of short-term financial early warning system and the preparation of cash flow budget can provide enterprises with early warning signals, enabling operators to take early measures; Establish a long-term financial early warning system and establish a financial analysis indicator system, among which the most representative indicators are profitability, debt paying ability and development potential ability.

Theoretically speaking, the enterprise has the lowest comprehensive capital cost ratio and the best capital structure in a certain period, so does the financial risk. A company's capital structure cannot be optimal if it is conservative or aggressive. Only by giving full play to the role of financial leverage, determining an optimal capital structure and matching the financing risk with the financing cost can an enterprise maximize its value.

The risk prevention awareness of financial management personnel plays an important role in controlling the financial risk of the whole enterprise. In the face of the ever-changing financial management environment, higher requirements are put forward for the quality of financial personnel: a strong awareness of risk prevention should be established, and the awareness of risk prevention should be infiltrated into all links of financial management; I need to master solid financial accounting professional knowledge and have the ability to collect, sort out and analyze financial information. It is necessary to be sensitive to financial risks, have accurate professional judgment ability, timely discover and estimate potential financial risks, and be able to make judgment and propose solutions to risks in specific environment. It is necessary to master financial, securities, investment and other relevant knowledge to play a consulting role in the decision-making of enterprises. Meanwhile, it is also necessary to have extensive contact with production, marketing, human resources and other departments to reasonably allocate the capital of enterprises to the place where it is most needed, so as to make full and effective use of capital and reduce risks.

Improve the scientific level of financial decision-making to prevent financial risks arising from decision-making errors. Financial decision is the most critical and important decision in enterprise decision. In the process of decision making, various factors affecting decision making should be fully considered, and the method of calculation and analysis combining qualitative and quantitative methods should be adopted, and the scientific decision model should be used for decision making. According to the model analysis, the financial decision plan with less risk and greater benefit is selected to avoid the risk.

In short, financial risks are omnipresent and inevitable. To maintain their own survival and further development, enterprises must carefully analyze the reasons for the formation of financial risks, and pay attention to, prevent and resolve the financial risks of enterprises. Only in this way can the enterprise stay invincible.

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