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作业代写:The religious culture of Spanish architecture

2018-07-11 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The religious culture of Spanish architecture,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了西班牙建筑的宗教文化。西班牙的历史十分独特,几千年来不同种族在这片土地上留下了旖旎的宗教文化遗产,在西班牙,几种宗教文化相互渗透和融合,致使西班牙形成了多元而又神秘的建筑文化。宗教建筑,是有灵魂的建筑,它除了融合了其背后的历史故事之外,亦展现了统治者的崇高信仰,而西班牙的宗教建筑就是西班牙宗教历史变迁的舞台。

Spanish architecture,西班牙宗教建筑,essay代写,paper代写,作业代写

Throughout the history of architecture, we have never seen an independent "Spanish style" among various classical architectural styles. But Spain's history is unique, different ethnic groups for thousands of years left on this land of religious and cultural heritage, in Spain, several religious culture mutual infiltration and fusion, the Spain formed the mysterious and pluralistic architectural culture. Through the introduction and analysis of several typical buildings in Spain and the combination of the historical background and religious culture of the architecture, this paper presents the readers with the religious culture of Spanish architecture.

Hugo, the great French writer, once said, "there is no important thought of man that cannot be written on stone by the art of architecture." As a country with a strong religious tradition, Spain enjoys worldwide reputation for its architectural art. And we as Spanish professional students, in the study of two years of Spanish culture, we recognize the charm of Spanish culture, which caused our great attention is Spain's architectural culture, the Spanish construction has its own style, but this is the characteristic of it. Spain's history and the geography position is very unique, behind its ancient architecture development and its history, religion must be linked together, this paper is intended to explore the Spanish construction of religious culture.

Islam and its architectural features. Islam is one of the world's religions, along with Buddhism and Christianity, it is called the world's three major religions. In the 7th century, Mohammed, a mecca, first rose on the Arabian peninsula, meaning "obedience" and "peace". People who believe in Islam are collectively called "muslims".

In the 8th century, the moors who invaded Spain built a fortress in what is now the square of saint Nicholas, marking the beginning of the era when the moors ruled granada. A.D. 1002 to 1031, the decline of cordoba caliphs kingdom caused many independent Muslim countries, including the qi dynasty established the kingdom of granada, reed of the dynasty ruled from 1010 to 1090. Under the regime, granada developed and maintained the caliphate's artistic achievements.

The alhambra palace is located in a small hill in granada surrounded by a winding, undulating redstone wall, also known as the red castle. The palace of alhambra was built by the ruler of the nasir dynasty, Mohammed I. Although it has been repaired several times, it still has a very typical islamic architectural style. There are four main atrium in the palace of alhambra: the myrtle atrium, the lions atrium, the dahala atrium and Halley atrium. The "embassy hall" in the palace of alhambra is the most famous, located in myrtle palace. It is the largest and most luxurious hall in the palace, where Sudan meets foreign guests. The intricate patterns on the walls are based on natural elements such as shells, flowers and stars. Islamic architecture has a unique tradition of decorative patterns. Legend has it that during his lifetime, the prophet muhammad believed that painting portraits was an act of the devil. Just like this, the decoration patterns of mosque buildings are not allowed to use animal patterns, but only the patterns of plants or words.

In this magnificent elegant Arab palace, these used as decorative art design is roughly can be divided into three types: one is flowers and plants pattern, give priority to with flower, leaf, column, winding out numerous design, pattern regularly and pay attention to symmetry. Two is geometric figure, have circular, ripple shape, polygon to wait, or single use or a few kinds apply to. There is also a pattern of flowers and plants in the collection pattern, which is also very standard. The third is to make lace decoration with Arabic numerals, which is different from the rules and symmetry of plant figures and collective figures. Curved alphabetic strokes can not only be arranged neatly, but also be rich in change, giving people a sense of movement. Therefore, the decorative pattern is not only a fine work of Arabic calligraphy, but also a fine work of lace pattern art.

Several of the great stylistic features of islamic gardens are perfectly embodied in the alhambra palace. In this unique architectural complex integrating castle, residence and king city, people can see that islamic art and architecture are exquisite, rich and subtle to the extreme.

Christianity is a monotheistic religion that believes in the core values of Jesus Christ, the Lord god and the holy spirit.

There are three kinds of Christian architecture: Roman, Byzantine and gothic. The religious architecture is one of the world's largest gothic church, gothic spire is the feature of high, in the design using cross arch, fly coupons, slender columns, combined with a stained glass window, make the church produces a strong religious atmosphere. Gothic architecture exquisite, publicity, full of heroism. It is impossible to avoid medieval Christian philosophy to talk about gothic architecture. There is no gothic architecture art independent of the essence of Christianity.

The city of seville was built in 43 BC. It was occupied by the Romans, the visigoths and the arabs. A Moorish tribe established an independent kingdom there in the 11th century. In 1248, the city became prosperous when fernando iii, king of castile, captured it in the "war of light and healing" and drove out the moors. In 1492, after Columbus discovered the American continent, there was an Indian archipelago trading house, which monopolized Spain's overseas trade. The house of exchange moved to cadiz in 1717 and has been in decline since the 18th century.

The seville cathedral was built during the Arab cultural boom. In 711, the moors invaded Spain and began the 500-year rule of Spain by the Moorish. Seville, on the other hand, became an important center for Muslim activities in Andalusia. In 1184, the arabs began today in sevilla cathedral built on the base of the mosque, completed in 1198, was the Muslim pilgrimage shrines, once in the islamic culture flourish.

Sevilla cathedral is in the middle ages of the world's largest churches, it has been a Christian world as the biggest religious buildings, and the Vatican's st Peter's cathedral, London and st Paul's cathedral known as the world's three cathedral.

The structure of the cathedral has three characteristics: the rib frame is the bearing member of the vault; The use of independent flying buttress makes the whole building filled with sacredness and solemnity; Use the coupon to adjust the coupon Angle, there is an upward trend. From the outside, it can be seen that its high and pointed top has the saying of "the symbol of the resurrection of Christ".

Cathedral after many renovation and decoration, in addition to the local details, now it's hard to see from the appearance of the mosque's original appearance, this is a typical Spanish expansion of Christianity after its lost faith and the will. The solemn gothic architecture serves the faith everywhere, and the islamic architecture seen at a glance declares the glorious people who once occupied it. It has been hollowed out by catholics in the heart of Islam, and served as a Catholic saint. The transformation and integration of architectural style reflects the conflict between faith and culture.

Architecture is a symbol of culture and a frozen art. Architecture embodies culture on the material level. Spain has a long history. For a long time, it has been ruled by different rulers. In order to show the superiority of its religion, the rulers have repeatedly damaged and rebuilt it. Therefore, the influence of religion on Spain has never been cut off since ancient times. The history of Spain is also a religious history, which is deeply involved in all aspects of Spanish social life. After several mixed successively invasion, Spain in a variety of culture, a variety of religious baptism communion and the form is different from the unique cultural characteristics of either party, and these wonderful fusion of religious culture, also a variety of different styles in Spanish buildings reflect incisively and vividly. Both architecture and culture have the essence of expressing their cultural spirit. In Spain, various religions and cultures intersect to form a beautiful landscape. Religious architecture, however, is a spiritual architecture, which not only integrates the historical stories behind it, but also shows the noble faith of the ruler. People use their great wisdom and imagination, to show the one specific knowledge of construction entities, in addition to academia and construction of architectural aesthetics of architectural history and expand a space with development of theory and practice fields, especially for the study of the religious culture provides a great platform, let's explore the building within their culture and ideology, it is Spanish religious history stage.

Through the study of Spanish style at different time points behind and brilliant interpretation of diversified religious culture, let us deepen the understanding of the culture, to promote Chinese and western cultural exchange, the two countries to develop tourism is of great significance. In addition to the exclamation of great buildings, we should face the development of history behind them. At the same time, as a student majoring in Spanish, he has a deeper understanding of the history and culture of his country, which is of great significance to the development and exchanges between China and the west.

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