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作业代写:The freedom

2018-06-08 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The freedom,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了自由。自由是人类生存的基础,也是人们不可或缺的最为基本的权利之一。对于那些只要是在自然状态之中企图夺取任何人自由的人,必然要被假设为具有夺取其他一切东西的企图,其原因在于自由是其他一切的基础。所以自由不可被强迫夺取,它是人类最为珍视的财富之一。

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Freedom is regarded as the cornerstone of modern society, Locke has been considered as one of modern liberalism caused them, but the extent to which Locke is a modern sense of freedom, is a question worth discussing. This requires a further study of Locke's liberal thought, discussing the basis and limits of his freedom.

Standing on the horizon of the distinction between the ancient world and the modern world, freedom is one of its trademark distinctions. According to Kant's famous saying, freedom is the keystone of the world. Of course, it can only be the keystone of modern society that makes modern society. Lok for freedom jie but most hard, has been considered as one of modern liberalism caused them, but the extent to which Locke is a modern sense of freedom, is a question worth discussing.

Compared with human freedom, only the freedom of god can be regarded as true freedom. Although Locke's ideas are not always the same, there is enough evidence in his argument to support this assertion: there is a distinction between god and man throughout. "If we look at those higher than man, and enjoy the perfect happiness of the gods, so we can have a reason to judge said, they choose the good, although more easily than our passive, but we don't have any reason to assert that they are more free, more than we don't happy." In the ultimate sense, is only god can have absolute freedom, freedom and people have is the secondary sense of the word, but lok for the freedom of the person's care makes him a position from time to time. It is in this sense that one of the foundations of human freedom rests on the freedom of god. Although Locke believed that a man is a free man if he has the power to act or not act in the direction that determines his action. However, Locke in his own on the world of free thought, and to try to expand the people's freedom, so Locke, explains the decisive role doesn't limit freedom was developed that ability. For example, if a man's fetters are removed, and the door of the prison is opened to him, he may be free, for his actions or his stops are by his heart. Locke argued that after god created the human and world, so the human said that is instructed by his feeling and human reason, to take advantage of those to survive what they need, and give him by means of self-preservation, just as god through rooted in animals, such as feeling and instinct to achieve the purpose of the same. Therefore have no doubt that before god announced these words, even though these words must be understood as is uttered in words, or doesn't even have the form of the words given, according to the will of god and the human has been chartered to use the power of all things. In other words, human beings are created by god, and they rely on god to obtain the means to preserve human life. In this sense, god is the basis of Locke's assertion of freedom.

But humans also rational, Locke in dealing with god and reason, on the one hand, he thinks human born rational, rational is acquired by education, think god give people a rational again at the same time, the rational people is the foundation of freedom, it seems to be contradictions. But Locke's god is often a god assimilated by reason, a god governed by reason. Rational born is given to god, a reasonable explanation is that Locke sought to mediate the conflict between faith and reason two different world, but as a philosopher Locke makes the adjustment is always in a rational world, not in the scope of a belief and religious. In other words, Locke combines and USES traditional theology to demonstrate his liberal views. People's freedom and according to his own will to freedom of action, is based on his rational, rational can teach him to understand his to its own law of action, and made him know for his own free will listen to what extent. Before he has a reason to guide his actions, let him enjoy unlimited freedom is not to be essentially free of privilege, but put him into the beast, let him in and beast unfortunate state, far less than people in the state. This is not a state of freedom. Out of the bondage of reason, even in the state of nature, reason has its fundamental function. However, this disengagement from reason is to enter a state of nature. "People live together according to reason, and there is no common leader between them who has the power to judge them, and they are in a state of nature."

Obviously, in Locke, human beings are naturally free. However, since man was created in the image of god, man is endowed with the most basic intellectual endowment. Or rather, humans are rational beings. In the course of discussing the natural law, Locke believed that the state of nature has a kind of natural law which everyone abides by and plays a dominant role in it. And reason, which is the law of nature, teaches all human beings who are willing to conform to reason. For in Locke's thought there may be more human thought than the fine sands of the Ganges, wider than the sea. If he "had not been guided by reason as a star and compass, fancy and emotion would have led him into many strange paths". Rational increase the a person to almost equal status with angels, if a man put aside his rational, his messy mind can make him to fall to the point of far more brutal than the beast. So human freedom -- if there is a basis or a reliance -- is based on reason. Locke had a special consideration for the relationship between freedom and reason. In his discourse on the relationship between parents and children, Locke believed that when children were still in the absence of rationality to guide their will, they lacked their own will to follow. Whoever USES his intelligence in his place should make a claim for him. Parents must regulate his will and his actions. But when the child reaches the point where his father becomes a free man, he becomes a free man.

This tells us that, although freedom and reason are enjoyed by human beings, it cannot simultaneously prove that people are capable of practicing them. "So we are born free, as we are born rational; But this does not mean that we can actually use both: age brings reason when it brings freedom. Therefore, before people can actually use their reason, if they enjoy freedom, it can only be a "natural freedom". It is clear that the acquisition and enjoyment of this freedom is based on obedience to the parents. A child is free by his father's rights, by his father's reason, which shall reign over him until he has his own reason. However, this natural freedom is not in contradiction with the freedom of adults, because the latter is the real freedom, that is, the reason for human being. "People's freedom and, therefore, on the basis of his own will to freedom of action, is based on his rational, rational to let him know he governs the law of own behavior, and let him know that he and his how far the distance between the free will." That is to say, when he reached this realm, natural freedom will be replaced by the real freedom, people also can be considered to know the extent to which the application and follow the law of degree of freedom, and freedom have been obtained. Before that, he must be guided by those who are supposed to know the degree of freedom that the law allows. So, in a state of people haven't reach true freedom, his reason is not suitable for harness before his will, he must obey the discipline of others, someone needs to education him, make it as a dominate his will. So Locke's emphasis on education. It is important to remember, however, that when human beings pass through this childish period of childhood, sons are to sit on equal terms with their fathers, as teachers and apprentices enjoy equal freedom. Because by this time people have become rational beings.

It is only when people have reason that they have the sense of self-judgment. When Locke discusses the ability of people, he said, if people don't get by the heart after the judgment of good and evil at the end of the results, and by other things to decide, so it is not free. For the goal of freedom is to achieve the good that is chosen. Therefore, since man is a rational being, he receives

The domination of one's own mind must be determined by one's own thought and judgment to pursue good things. Otherwise, he will be at the mercy of others, and he will not be free. "Pursue real happiness of this kind of inevitability is the foundation of all freedom, the nature of the highest wisdom perfect vertices, is careful, the unremitting pursue true happiness and strong, so we must proceed with caution, watch the happiness will think as true happiness, that's just what we the necessary foundation of freedom." Universal happiness is what is called the greatest good, which is what all human desires tend to be. The greater the necessity, the greater the freedom. With this freedom, so in the presence of any special beauty, people can have any inspect whether it has a tendency to cause real happiness, whether or not in conformity with the true happiness, without having to be forced by the will of the people decided to implement some special action, and to obey the specific good caused by the desire. People want to get real happiness, reason is the indispensable important factor, because people to the pursuit of happiness, you need to have a correct understanding of the outside world, rather than for their vacant ignorance. Only reason can be the most powerful weapon for people to distinguish the real happiness, because the happiness of life is the purpose that people pursue. Therefore, this happy life is a kind of inevitability for people, and the knowledge and judgment of this kind of inevitability must be guided by reason. The reason that god gives to man is to restrain his own emotion, to make it eliminate the excess or excess of human desire. Only in this way can we know the consequences that things will have for people according to their own laws and properties, and Locke believes that people have such an ability. It is clear from experience that the human mind in many cases has a capacity that limits the fulfillment and fulfillment of human desires. "Therefore, it is free to consider all the objects of desire, to examine their various aspects, and to weigh them against the other objects. That is why men are free.

Thus, Locke will, god as the foundation of free thought is the most basic, people equally enjoy freedom, people are rational, at the same time they also no difference to subject to the same laws, no matter they are in a state of nature and constrained by natural law, or is in a political and social constraint by a government proclaimed in writing method, anyone's life, liberty, or property is not affected by others. As you can see, what Locke wanted to show was the idea that freedom could not leave the law. Rational human beings have a real sense of consciousness, which is especially needed in the political society.

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