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作业代写:The Martian

2018-06-04 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The Martian,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了电影《火星救援》。《火星救援》是一部根据同名小说改编而成的电影,影片讲述了由于一场沙尘暴,马克与他的团队失联,孤身一人在火星上生活,然后想方设法回到地球的故事。影片出色的视觉效果有力地吸引了观众的眼球,保证了其在商业上的成功。同时,影片在叙事层面也表现得十分突出,尤其是其采用日常化的叙事手段,与众多同类影片形成鲜明对比。

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The reason why a good film and television work is called a good work, there must be its undoubted features. Film directed by ridley Scott the Martian, according to Andy will adapted from The novel. The film tells the story of mark who lost contact with his team because of a sandstorm, living alone on Mars and then trying to get back to earth. Ridley, who made his mark in the film world with dueling, never lost sight of his films. The Martian to set The scene in Mars for humans is unproductive, film with large red and orange to make visual effect, on The one hand, related to The surface of Mars does exist a large number of iron oxide, on The other hand when shooting Scott to enlarge The tone, but also to let The audience could feel mark alone on Mars endured a dry, desolate and lonely. The excellent visual effect effectively attracts the attention of the audience and ensures the commercial success of the film. At the same time, the film is also very prominent in the narrative level, especially its use of the daily narrative means, and many similar films form a sharp contrast. This paper analyzes The Martian's narrative strategy from two aspects: The grand narrative background and typical daily narration.

With the development of film art, the audience's viewing interest also in constant change, film narrative began increasingly drive ensured reference method, nonlinear narrative, montage film language use in practice constantly, film narratology has also become a distinguished school in the strong vitality of the. Ridley is the director of a very will tell a story, in the film, often there will be a grand narration background, such as science fiction film "alien" in humans and aliens, "blade runner," human and human cloning for the earth; The costume war film gladiator is set in the peak of the Roman empire. The religious epic "pharaohs and the gods" replays the story of Moses leading the jews out of Egypt. Mr Ridley's preference for grand narrative Settings continues in The Martian.

The Martian's narrative background is grand, first embodied in The subject of interstellar exploration. With the development of science and technology, human beings are not satisfied to limit their exploration to the earth, and the development of space is gradually put on the agenda. With the success of the Apollo spacecraft landing on the moon in 1969, the confidence of mankind has been greatly improved, and various art works of space exploration have begun to emerge in large Numbers. As a model of modern art, the space exploration theme in the film has formed a stable type. ? George Lucas's Star Wars, Alfonso caron "gravity", Christopher ? Nolan's star through "the success of the film, such as space is the subject of popular film. Ridley understands science fiction movie to The audience appeal, in The Martian, he will be The hero in The desolate Martian surface, and set up base on Mars, Mars adventure car, Martian space suits, such as particle propeller has The defamiliarization thing for The audience. "Defamiliarization" means to continuously break or fix the psychological pattern of people, make people feel startled from the numbness of passivation state, with a novel and special way, readjust the interest relations, feel the vitality of the object and richness. By doing so, ridley satisfies the audience's aesthetic requirements of "defamiliarization". Mars scenes, for example, in Mars, has a different landscape and the natural environment and the earth, the whole environment looks is given priority to with red, was full of sand and rocks, the sky looks grey, extreme lack of water resources, acting like a desert. So do alien scene, was not the creation of Scott, in space, the future of science fiction film before also have similar visual aesthetic pattern, such as Andrew ? Stanton, the earth has been abandoned in "wall-e", has become a sea of orange rubbish package, Duncan ? Jones moon in black and white and dichromatic build a moon cold, Francis ? Lawrence's "I am legend" has been destroyed by a virus in New York has also become a piece of yellow doomsday scenarios. The Martian's vast array of long-range shots of Mars are meant to convey that it is a lifeless mass, producing an exclamation of an elegiac elegy.

At the same time, ridley also tries to create a real sense of Mars, so that the audience can integrate into the story of the film and think about the protagonist in the ground. In the classification of genre films, most films about interstellar exploration are classified as science fiction films. In science fiction movies, fantasy must be based on scientific principles, and fantasy that is not based on science can only create castles in the air, but cannot make the audience feel the recognition from the bottom of their hearts. First of all, the overall appearance of Mars in the film is very similar to the pictures sent back from Mars by the curiosity rover, which enhances the authenticity of the film. Second, whether potatoes can really be grown on Mars is the question that most viewers are asking. If you can't solve the problem of food, film to mark all description of daily life has lost its authenticity, by mark in front of the difficulties of life keep an optimistic attitude to infect the audience would be impossible. In dealing with this problem, the film is also based on a lot of scientific knowledge. According to relevant studies, the soil composition of Mars contains enough sodium, magnesium, aluminum, phosphorus and calcium, but lacks certain nitrogen. In the film, the lack of nitrogen is solved by human excrement. In addition, potatoes need enough water and air to grow and maintain room temperature. It is also feasible to generate water by burning hydrogen in the film. There is also a scientific basis for the film's main character, mark, who goes into space in a convertible. When the rescue operation really begins, mark will leave Mars in a space shuttle to dock with hermis and return to earth. In order to reduce the weight of the airborne device, try to reduce resistance, to ensure the success of the docking, need only a possible launch device on things, so the launch of roof and Windows and operation Settings should be removed, so the mark of airborne device is really turned out to be "open". Because the air on Mars is so thin, a convertible is possible.

Second, the film's grand setting is reflected in the global cooperation in the rescue process. Hollywood films appear constantly in recent years Chinese elements, such as "transformers" the forbidden kingdom "kung fu panda" and other films, and its use of Chinese elements present the trend that more and more mature. This can be seen both as a focus on a rising China and as a means to exploit it. In The Martian, when NASA's supply rocket exploded, it didn't have enough time to prepare another rocket. China is about to launch a helios rocket, giving the space agency an opportunity to work together. When the Chinese rocket was launched, Chinese and American people celebrated together. After mark's rescue, the world was in a sea of joy. And NASA is paying back, too, with the launch of the v rocket and the presence of Chinese astronauts. The pursuit of outer space is the cause of all mankind, and while the United States remains the leader, it does not mean that it has achieved perfection. The film magnifies saving mark, an astronaut on Mars, as a part of the space industry of all mankind, and further magnifies the narrative background of the film.

In space exploration under the background of grand, many science fiction movies are focus on the "event" of human life and death, and for focusing on the daily life are few and far between. Ridley is not in The Martian, mark feat accomplished in The surface of Mars, is in The case of lack of food grow potatoes self-sufficiency, to some extent to reduce The sanctity of space exploration, and make The film more life breath.

Of The Martian, Mr. Ridley USES a typical day-to-day narrative. "The daily narrative" originally comes from literary creation, is refers to in the process of literary creation, the events in everyday life as the main body in the narrative, is also can be defined as a daily life narrative based range, or performance object. Although film does not belong to literary creation, it belongs to the rank of art. The process of film creation is also a process of narration. And The movie The Martian is in itself according to Andy ? will adapted from The novel. For the vast majority of people, daily life means a fulcrum in the current material world, giving people a sense of "survival". Unlike the spectacle narration, which gives the audience sensory stimulation, the daily narration aims to make the audience feel happy by touching the audience's mind. Throughout the narrative thread of the film, the American astronaut mark walter, with their own team suffered a large space storms, Mars exploration journey has to end, and the mark is because was hit by a storm rolled up objects legacy on the Mars, return the earth companion all thought mark has died. But mark was lucky to survive, and his solo life on Mars became the focus of the film's narrative. Living alone in the Martian mark its own humor, optimistic attitude toward life and solid knowledge of botany, rely on their own strength, fully use of all equipment and various materials on hand, grow potatoes on Mars, keep yourself alive until the next mission to Mars arrives. Meanwhile, after the death of mark has been announced on earth, it appears through a NASA technician's surveillance of space that mark is still alive. Then came mark's contact with earth and the Mars mission. From the perspective of the whole narrative line, the film focuses on the description of mark's life scenes on Mars, which is the application of typical daily life narration.

In terms of characters, the film also played down mark walter's heroic image, and in turn shape the image of a man struggling to survive, the everyday narrative played an important role in the process. In many interplanetary exploration movies, the narrative focuses on the classic heroes to show the great progress of human science and technology or the spirit of adventure. This kind of narrative mode wakes up the worshipping plot of the audience through the creation of the hero image, thus attracting the audience's attention. Ridley is not. His astronaut, mark, is a real, living person, and a person in everyday life. As the most basic content of human life, daily life has a great foundation. Daily life is highly inclusive, involving political, economic, cultural and other aspects, and has important cultural and social significance. Although people may not be used for daily life too much attention, but there is no denying that daily life is people such as emotional experience the joys and sorrows, happiness or the person directly affects the survival state of the tragedy and witnesses. Mark lacks heroic feats, and what he does is more of a trivia, most notably growing potatoes. Ma Keyin food not enough to support his life, the heart germination of the idea of grow potatoes, he made a series of efforts to achieve it: the feces of preserved food nutrients, bulldozing solve the problem of soil, use cart to live hold shape with thin film to create a specific temperature environment for the growth of plants, in order to solve the water again and again for the growth of potatoes for calculus try burning hydrogen water solution. Also, when potatoes are grown successfully, they are replanted according to their current food reserves, the amount of food they eat each day, and the length of their life cycle.

In addition, mark in the film there are many little things in daily life, from the little things you can see, although the mark is not in the traditional sense to save humanity hero, but he is strong in their lives. After returning to the base, for example, the wounded mark found a medicine box and began to sew his wounds. As can be seen from mark's series of movements, he has rich medical knowledge, and the rapid treatment of his wound also minimizes the damage to his body. In order to relieve the loneliness of staying alone on Mars, mark also found many ways to relax himself. For example, mark listened to music and took a bath in the living cabin. Assess colleagues' music taste; Record your life status with a recorder. Grumbling about NASA's failure to tell its teammates that it was still alive. These details in the film are full of life, and they are the most common things that individuals experience in their daily life. It is through this kind of daily narration that the film presents the character of mark in a more three-dimensional way in front of the audience.

The Martian has been a box-office hit both locally in The United States and in The Chinese film market, earning a reputation among viewers. The daily narrative mode in the grand background is the key factor to the success of the film. On the one hand, interstellar exploration has created a grand background for the narration of the film, which conforms to the contemporary social audience's demand for watching science fiction films and satisfies the audience's curiosity about outer space. On the other hand, through a series of life scenes, such as the protagonist mark planting vegetables on Mars, bathing and listening to music, the audience has a real experience of life on Mars. It is with a series of trifles of daily life that the film reveals mark's unyielding qualities in the face of loneliness, fear and difficulties. In addition, The Martian's unique narrative mode provides new experience for The creation of space-based science fiction movies.

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