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作业代写:The origins of the cold war

2018-03-14 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The origins of the cold war,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了冷战的起源。冷战是世界历史上的重大事件之一,是多种因素综合造成的结果,是客观环境和主观认识的统一,在当时是不可避免的。冷战的起源不能单一的归结为某一方的单一因素所造成的结果。更不能主观的解释这一问题。在讨论冷战的起源问题时,大多数学者,认为冷战起源于美国对苏联政策的误解。其实冷战不是由一个或两个国家造成的,而是多个国家合力而为的结果,其中尤其强调了英国在冷战中的作用。

cold war,冷战起源,essay代写,paper代写,北美作业代写

The cold war is a very important problem in the history of the postwar world. The cold war was the result of a combination of various factors, which was the unification of objective environment and subjective knowledge, which was inevitable at that time. The origins of the cold war cannot be attributed solely to the results of a single factor. It is more difficult to interpret the problem subjectively.

When discussing the origin of the cold war, most scholars believe that the cold war originated from the misunderstanding of Soviet policy. The cold war was not only formed by one or two countries. It is a result of the combined efforts of several countries, with particular emphasis on Britain's role in the cold war.

Objectively speaking, the cold war is the logical result of the realignment of the world power pattern caused by the second world war.

The second world war destroyed the old balance of power, make the collapse of the power of Germany and Japan, Britain and France will come as second-rate country, the pride of the world for centuries, Europe has been exhausted, it lost according to their wishes and interests to arrange the ability of the world, this creates a tremendous power vacuum. After the war, the United States and the Soviet union became the most powerful force in the world, becoming the main rival. One of them. The United States has a big advantage in strength, and the U.S. stands out economically. Militarily, the United States has also become the leading power, with the best equipped army and the world's most powerful sea and air force, and a monopoly on nuclear weapons. As another superpower, the Soviet union was devastated in the war, but the economic base did not collapse. And militarily, after the war, the Soviet union had the largest, most effective and technically sophisticated army. The wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet union was unsustainable, and it was impossible to fight a new world war. They tried to engage in a comprehensive confrontation in a non-war way, maintaining a cold peace in the confrontation. Thus, after the war, the United States and the Soviet union developed a comprehensive cold war around the world hegemony and formed a world pattern of confrontation.

The cold war was created in the process of building a new global system and world order after the war, and the conflict between the two systems was the source of the cold war. The history of the modern world is a continuous process of globalization, which makes the major countries think more from the global perspective. As we see, after the smashing of fascism, the United States and the Soviet union, as the most able to determine the postwar world arrangements, had a conflict of ideas about the postwar world.

America's conception of the postwar world began early in the war. At the beginning of 1940, according to the instruction from the Roosevelt, the U.S. state department has established the "advisory committee on foreign relations problem", its main task is to "starting from the best interests of the United States," the postwar American "in order to establish an ideal world order and need the basic principles of". The Soviet union had its own view of the world system, which was the view of Stalin's world system in the late and early postwar period. Stalin believed that the second world war changed the power of capitalism and socialism, and the overall crisis of the world capitalist system deepened. The Soviet union should break through the situation of construction of socialism, to expand the scope of the socialism and the Soviet union, the influence of building a "heterogeneous" with the capitalist world system, against the socialist system in the world. The socialist market system which is parallel to the capitalist world market and the socialist camp against the capitalist camp. Therefore, the cold war is a confrontation between the two systems. It is the struggle for the leadership of the world in the context of globalization, and the core of which is what kind of world to build.

As an important field of politics, law and philosophy, ideology is closely related to foreign politics. After the war, ideology played an important role in international relations. It is the strength of the state that plays a decisive role in international relations, but ideology has a potential impact on national relations. The ideological differences between the western countries and the Soviet union, led by the United States in the later period of the war, have gradually come to light. The Soviet union and the United States, one of the largest socialist countries and the largest capitalist countries, are fundamentally opposed to each other. To this end, the Soviet union consolidated and expanded the socialist camp after the war, which posed a threat to the capitalist system of the western countries led by the United States in ideology.

During world war ii, the United States and the Soviet union formed an anti-fascist alliance and maintained friendly cooperation. However, as the second world war drew to a close, the ideological conflicts between the United States and the Soviet union became increasingly apparent. After the war, the United States has a clear ideological goals, to accomplish their ideology, both Roosevelt and harry Truman, the final stages of the war and the postwar foreign policy are more or less with the anti-communist ideological factors. In the face of the Soviet union, the ideological motivation of American foreign policy to promote American social system and values is becoming more and more clear. In Western Europe, the United States is trying to stabilize local politics with economic aid, and to support western European regimes that are crowding out communists. Thus, ideological differences became the main factor of the cold war's origins and aggravated the color of the cold war.

The basic contents of national interest include: the survival and security of the country: economic development and prosperity: and the expansion of national prestige and power. The connotation and extension of national interest depends on the strength of a country and its status in the world, so it is not fixed and different. The most basic elements of the post-war Soviet union's interests were the preservation of Soviet security, the establishment of the Soviet sphere of influence and the predominance of the Soviet union in post-war Europe and world politics. It is an effective means to realize national interest. To this end, the Soviet union began to formulate and implement corresponding plans and measures during the war and after the war.

The spheres of influence and interests of the United States, Britain and the Soviet union established the dominant position of the Soviet union and the United States in post-war Europe and the world, and laid the foundation for the formation of the postwar American and Soviet bipolar structure. Within the Yalta system, the Soviet union was the biggest winner, largely meeting its goal of pursuing post-war national interests. Yalta system can meet the security, to set up the sphere of the Soviet union in the territory, and have a say in the international affairs of broad requirements, make the Soviet union by a pre-war surrounded the European powers into a postwar advantage in all aspects of world powers. After the war, the political and military security is an important part of America's national interests, it includes to avoid endangering the survival of a new world war, ensure that the western world is not affected by the political and military threat from the east, etc., that's one side of the defensive and to maintain the status quo. In addition, there is an aggressive and expansive side of the American national interest, which is to expand its influence and influence around the world and dominate the international political arena. This is because America's position as the world's leading power in the postwar era has led American leaders to create a sense of "omnipotence" and "leadership of the world". To achieve these national interests, American leaders have abandoned traditional isolationist policies and become widely involved in world affairs.

In the second world war, Britain was a victorious country, but it was badly wounded by German air strikes, and the war ended as a second-rate power, the largest debtor nation. Not yet at the end of world war ii, the United States and the Soviet union between based on national interests, the plan put forward their claims on the question of the post-war world, contradiction, the British foreign office have the Soviet union as a potential threat. Britain started the cold war with a vested interest. The extreme hate communist ideology, after the outbreak of the soviet-german war has formed an alliance with the Soviet union, but traditional psychological fear of communism and the anti-soviet sentiment is still in the heart of the British rulers, even if the alliance is also a break-up. As a result, Britain wants to divide Germany, which is occupied by allied countries, and to break up its wartime cooperation. The British, though actively advocating the containment of the Soviet union, have declined in their own way. Based on a common strategy and ideology, the UK is increasingly feeling the need to strengthen the partnership between Britain and the us. Otherwise, another devastating war will happen. That is why the UK's policy is challenging and contributes to the origins of the cold war.

Above all, patchy and joint action by multiple factors, contributed to a logical result of the cold war, the factors are not isolated, but rather, the mutual influence and infiltration is capitalism and society pay attention to the two different kinds of political culture in the early post-war the inevitable outcome of the special conditions, at the time is not inevitable. The cold war has had a huge negative impact, so some western scholars believe that the cold war was a recent experience of mass suicide. In addition, it should be pointed out that the cold war is a product of contradictions and intensification, and the comprehensive confrontation between the two groups brings great loss and disaster to mankind. But at the same time, the cold war was also the product of compromise. The two groups of the United States and the Soviet union avoided direct military confrontation in the face of conflicts and heated exchanges, and found other ways to resolve conflicts. This is hard to imagine in the past, which gives us greater confidence in the future peace of mankind.

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