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留学生作业代写:The communicative features of American mainstream culture

2018-02-01 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The communicative features of American mainstream culture,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国主流文化的交际特征。文化因素会影响一个国家的交际特征。各国在不同历史因素的影响下形成不同的文化,人们在同一个文化氛围的熏陶下,会形成一种相对固定的思维方式和交际模式。美国在主流文化中个人主义和平等观念的影响下形成自己特有的交际特征,美国人喜欢直截了当鲜明的表明自己的立场观点态度。人们认为人人平等,没有高低贵贱之分,在这种平等观念的影响下形成了交际中无拘无束不拘礼节的特点。

American mainstream culture,communicative feature,essay代写,paper代写,美国作业代写

Cultural factors can affect the communicative characteristics of a country. This paper mainly discusses the influence of American mainstream culture on communication. The mainstream culture in the United States includes individualism, equality, materialism, etc. Its communicative features are mainly straightforward, clear and informal. This paper mainly discusses the three characteristics of American communication and the influence of mainstream culture.

With the expansion of the opening to the outside world and the deepening of economic globalization, the interaction with people from different countries and cultures, especially with Americans, has been increasing. In the process of communication, it is inevitable to encounter language barriers and different styles of communication, which requires a better understanding of the characteristics of American communication, in order to avoid some of the problems caused by cultural differences. On the other hand, the rapid economic development in the United States occupies an important position in the world, and the study of the mainstream culture and communicative characteristics of the United States is of great significance to better understand the United States and strengthen international exchanges and cooperation. Therefore, it is necessary to study the communicative features of American mainstream culture in order to achieve better communication with the United States, to realize cultural exchange and economic cooperation.

Under the influence of different historical factors, people form different cultures, and under the edification of the same cultural atmosphere, they will form a relatively fixed mode of thinking and communication. The United States, under the influence of individualism and equality in the mainstream culture, forms its own communicative characteristics: straightforward, clear and informal.

Straightforward means that verbal action is straightforward and mealy. Because Americans are pragmatic, they quickly cut to the chase in conversation. They usually avoid too long greetings and farewell words, and like the shorter the better the conversation after a playful remark began to say "I talk with you the purpose is ...". Such words are often heard in American conversations, "well,whats on Your mind?" "," Please, "business." Or "Lets get to the". In the words of praise, Americans show their pleasure directly. Women in the face of male praise of their own appearance, do not feel embarrassed, but very calm acceptance, and express their gratitude. Because they do not think that this is rude behavior, but it is the performance of politeness. In rejecting the demands of others, they will not beat around the bush, but very directly say "No" to people. In the view of the American people, straightforward, straight to the point is the best way to communicate with people, beating around the bush is not sincere performance, so the American communication is always very frank and direct.

It is clear that verbal expression is clearly expressed in communication, rather than nonverbal cues such as gestures and expressions to express implied meanings. Americans think that language is the first, but nonverbal behavior is used to emphasize and modify the meaning of words. People are very focused on improving the skills to express ideas accurately. In American legal system, the text code is supreme, its content is specific Shampe, the incidental ingredient content is low. From this point of view, American communication is independent of the communicative situation. From the perspective of Hall's strong and weak context, American communication belongs to the category of weak context. In the weak context culture, the communication of connotation is mainly held by the speaker, whose duty is to clarify the idea systematically in a clear and explicit language. In such a culture, the information is clear, direct, meaning completely encoded into words and words. In the view of members of this culture, if the information is not detailed, others will not be able to understand their full ideas accurately. This is in line with the American emphasis on the language and skills of leaders, and it is often important in the presidential campaign which candidate's speech is more persuasive. Another American stressed that the clear feature is that Americans often use "absolutely" "certainly" "positively" and other meaningful words, clearly express their views. They are always doing everything possible to avoid ambiguity and ambiguity, and many idioms can illustrate this, such as "he's hesitates is lost", "the squeaky wheel gets the grease" and so on.

Informal etiquette in communication refers to the freedom of speech, free from the influence of external power or environment, to express their ideas freely. American culture is weak in rank and identity, and is more casual in mutual communication, which is limited by etiquette. They attach great importance to the feelings of the heart, like the straightforward, Americans encourage verbal conversation and emphasize the expression of technology and eloquence, people think that talented people not only think and should be good at expressing themselves effectively, through their own words influence to convince each other to reveal their individuality. So Americans in the communication are mostly active, positive expression of their views, talk. Even when talking to elders or superiors, be honest with yourself. When there is disagreement, people will actively demonstrate their views. In the United States class, once there are questions, students will immediately put forward, found that the mistakes will be debated with the teacher, often adhere to their opinions, arguing fiercely. They often do not take into account the teacher's so-called "face", but prefer to express themselves frankly. In social interactions, such as in restaurants, Americans and service girls are free to chat and talk freely with strangers in public places. Those who insist on being polite to others are old-fashioned and impersonal in the eyes of the American people. The best thing they could do for those important people is "he is ordinary". Americans like to call everyone in the same way, and they begin to call on their names soon after their acquaintance, saying that such treatment is ultimately a respect for others.

Communication is the activity between people in social intercourse. Communicative feature is a remarkable feature formed in the process of long-term communication. Each kind of communicative characteristic has its specific cultural background, the individualism and the equality idea in the American mainstream culture is the important reason which affects the American communication.

The United States is an individualistic and socially oriented country. In the United States, everything is in the interests of the individual, the individual as the center, emphasizing individual rights and personal interests, the sanctity of human dignity inviolable. The most closely related to individualism is the concept of competition, which advocates competition and considers competition as an effective way to achieve personal success. People believe that tiandaochouqin, advocating independence and self-improvement, individual struggle. They regard each individual as the most important unit in social life, and the achievement of individual goals is higher than that of the collective. In the pursuit of personal honor and achievement on the road, Americans generally do not consider other people's face problems. In the United States, the personal orientation of communication is a tool used to meet individual needs to achieve personal goals. Therefore, the American communication is always straight into the theme, straightforward, clear statement of their position.

In the United States, the concept of equality was incorporated into American national consciousness from the beginning of statehood. Equality is not a matter of "equality" or "average", but the spirit of mutual understanding, mutual respect, regard each other as the same as themselves. Americans believe that everyone is equal, and that the State should ensure the realization of this right in the form of law and through educational opportunities. In interpersonal relationships, people advocate equality, parents and children is an equal relationship between friends. The teacher is not an absolute authority, the student can discuss the argument with the teacher. They think that in theory the individual is equal, no life to be stronger than others, this concept in the United States in the style of communication is that Americans on different occasions, in the social class differences on the basis of the disparity, still like to talk about personal thoughts. The concept of equality is also manifested in the appellation, in the American family, the elderly are equal rather than dominant relationship between the elders, the Americans call their names, they think that the appropriate kind. This sense of equality in people's minds has allowed Americans to express their unfettered character in communication.

The individualism and the concept of equality in the mainstream American culture have an important influence on the formation of American communicative characteristics. Under the influence of individual-centered pursuit of individual interests, Americans like to express their position and attitude in a forthright and clear-cut manner. In the United States, people think that everyone is equal, there is no high or low, under the influence of this concept of equality has formed the characteristics of unrestrained informal communication. However, there are some deficiencies in this article, such as the competition awareness and materialism in the mainstream culture of the United States will also have a certain impact on the communicative characteristics, and the characteristics of American communication should have other characteristics, such as private, problem-oriented, but also need to further deepen.

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