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美国作业代写:The value of classical furniture

2017-12-13 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The value of classical furniture,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了古典家具的价值。一件古典家具的价值应包括其材质价值、艺术价值、实用价值、历史价值等,此外还有雕刻和装饰题材的思想性以及文化内涵,这些都是评价古典家具不可缺少的内容。就目前情况看,最困扰广大消费者的当属材质问题。因为不同材质的价位差别甚大,直接影响古典家具的价值。

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The art of furniture is a new discipline that arose in the 1980s with the development of various historical and cultural arts. Is the product of the high development of Chinese historical and cultural art. No matter what kind of artifacts, the history of the development of the Chinese people has no alternative to witness in kind.

The value of a piece of furniture should include material value, scientific value, artistic value, practical value, and more than hundred years of antique, then have historical value. In addition there are carvings and decorative themes of the ideological and cultural connotations, these are the evaluation of furniture indispensable content.

As far as the situation is, the most disturbing to the vast number of consumers is a material problem. Because the price of different materials vary greatly, directly affect the value of furniture. Because the vast number of consumers lack of all kinds of high-grade wood, furniture manufacturers and sellers are also mostly vague, individual mercenaries to use people to appreciate high-grade wood psychology, shoddy, where black wood no matter how good or bad fake rosewood; where the yellow wood is more called pear or pear. This behavior disrupts the normal value order and greatly impairs the interests of consumers.

There are about 15 species of rosewood plants, while the traditional red sandalwood only one. A Mysore for southern India. Name "Sandalwood Rosewood". This sandalwood rosewood because of different ecological environment and with different characteristics, some of the wood color appears Venus-shaped, some present chicken blood-like, and thus derived from the Venus red Sandalwood and red sandalwood and other names. In the Rosewood plant, in addition to sandalwood rosewood, the rest of the species are attributable to the "grass flower pear" in the population.

Dalbergia genus is also dozens of species, only China's Hainan island produced as "Huanghua pear", Scientific name "Dalbergia Dalbergia". The south of our country called this wood "fragrant sticks". In addition, all belong to "acid sticks" fan raise. and "Acid sticks wood" namely people commonly known as "mahogany". The Acid branch wood is divided into three kinds, the black Acid branch color is black, the wood is hard, it is easy to be mistaken for red sandalwood. Red Acid Branch grain straighten straight, color red, not difficult to identify. White acid sticks are lighter in color and can be easily mixed with rosewood flowers and pears. The correct determination of the material is essential in evaluating the value of furniture.

For example: Sandalwood rosewood, the rate of wood is very low only 10--15%. Do chairs, such as small pieces of furniture, general 6.5--7.8 million yuan a ton. Big, long table, and cabinet type large furniture, the length of more than 1.5 meters, its price at 10.2 million yuan a ton. and rosewood genus of grass flower pear wood, the material rate of 70%. Its price is much lower, as long as thousands of yuan a cubic.

The price of Huanghua pear is more expensive, do large logs will be 500,001 or 600,001 tons. And the most expensive acid branch wood but 40,000 yuan or so a ton. With the shortage of materials, the price of all kinds of wood rose, at any time the different material prices, is to judge the value of furniture important link.

The scientific value includes the shape design and structure of furniture. In Ming style furniture reflects the most prominent. The manufacture of Ming style furniture is mostly from practical point of view, according to People's Daily needs, and determines its shape, scale and structure. On the basis of the necessary modifications to achieve the use of functional and beautiful shape of the perfect combination.

In the plastic arts aspect, the Ming style furniture mostly has the obvious side foot to receive the cent, takes a piece of Ming type four early armchair as an example, the surface height 50 centimeters, two front legs upper side inside is 50 centimeters, but the lower side is 54 centimeters, the two legs each fork out 2 centimeters. The lateral side of the two legs is 37 cm, while the lower side is 40 cm, and the two legs each fork out 1.5 centimeters. The back side column is 47.5 cm away and the lower side is 50 cm. Other objects such as desks, stools, cabinets and so on have this phenomenon.

Why do you do this? This is because the ancient people to achieve a stable, beautiful effect. People's eyes see things there is visual error, the farther the view of the Zhao small, the person's sight height is 1.5 meters and the table height is 80 centimeters, the chair surface height is about 50 centimeters. If there is no side of the foot to receive points, in the visual effect must be top-heaviness feeling. If the side of the foot to receive points, not only the visual effect is beautiful, but also make furniture quite stable sense.

The Ming and Qing dynasties furniture modelling and the scale also reflected the furniture and the human body each department's proportion relations, like the chair and the stool height is 50 centimeters, the person's calf height is 45 centimeters, the person sits in the chair or the stool, the double pedal is in the transverse 枨, the evil spirit is good-looking. The armrest height of the chair is about 23 centimeters, the person sits on the chair, the small arm is parallel, the natural droop, just flat on the armrest.

The most worth mentioning is the back angle of the Ming Dynasty chair, its back board all with thick plate to dig system. is the "S" shape. It is based on the natural curve of the human spine design. The upper end of the chair is slightly backward curved, and the middle of the head is also curved back, so that the back is formed 100 degrees to 105 degrees of inclination. Sitting face more flexible rattan seats, people sitting on the top, rattan mat under pressure droop, and the front edge of the sitting face form 3 degrees to 5 degrees of inclination, this angle, according to modern ergonomic research, the best angle for the rest of the human body. This shows that our ancestors in the Ming Dynasty 500 years ago, the shape of furniture and the relationship between the various parts of the body organically combined. Its scientificity is still very important for future generations and even for reference.

Ming and Qing furniture rugged, in addition to the selection of high-quality wood, there is an important reason is its scientific and reasonable tenon-riveting structure. With the high strength of hardwood, the precise and complicated tenon riveting is fabricated with a small section. A piece of furniture, must be composed of a number of components, between the components and components, are through various forms of tenon riveting, the various components skillfully combined. form a whole of furniture. Some sites can accommodate six to seven components from different directions. A good classical furniture, whether plastic arts, or structural mechanics, have reached the degree of excellence, with important scientific value. It shows not only the ingenuity and diligence of the working people, but also the precious spiritual wealth left behind by the satin belt.

The art of furniture is a new discipline that arose in the the 1980s with the development of various historical and cultural arts. is the product of the high development of Chinese historical and cultural art. No matter what kind of artifacts, the history of the development of the Chinese people has no alternative to witness in kind. Historical relics can not only reflect the historical development and the role of historical witness, but also can complement and correct the errors and effects of historical documents. From this aspect, historical relics show its outstanding value and position. Each piece of historical relics is a comprehensive carrier of various historical information.

Historical value requires accurate chronology, and the objects themselves must have a solid chronological basis, such as: 款识, 款识 has the period of the year, indicating this device He Chao, year, the month system; there is an acquisition and a memorial, that is, where a person has purchased the device in the year or month, or where a person has been made or produced in a place. Some also reflect the location of furniture production. To understand the local furniture features have a great help. Although some artifacts have no 款识, there are historical records and other records to confirm its production age and the process of circulation. Also belongs to the accurate annals of things. These have a clear year of furniture can be used as a specimen of similar artifacts, we study the development of furniture in various periods, changes and other similar furniture to the determination of the era provides a strong basis, has important reference value.

Traditional furniture as a part of the social material culture, and people live with each other, accompanied by the coexistence of people. It is not only for people to use the necessities of life, nor is it just the record and performance of craftsmen's art, in different historical periods, the use of furniture also embodies a strong sense of national ideology, national moral concepts, and national behavior patterns. Over the past thousands of years, furniture has always been closely related to the politics of society, culture and People's customs, beliefs, lifestyles and so on. In terms of its decorative theme, it fully reflects the traditional Chinese cultural thought and aesthetic taste.

The aesthetic concept embodies at home, is in satisfying the use of the function of the front, the furniture of each part of the different artistic modeling, or a variety of methods on the surface of the component decorative decorations, so that the artifacts are both practical and ornamental. In the visual effect to give people a comfortable feeling. Each picture embodies the profound cultural heritage of the Chinese nation. Each picture, can tell a beautiful little story. It is a material carrier, but also full of spiritual inner letter, can be said to be a clever combination of material and spiritual civilization. A beautiful furniture must have the perfect unity of form and content, and the function of decorative patterns is to let people comprehend the emotional condition of ideological culture. It is a remarkable characteristic of cultural value to cause people's emotion by image beauty and cultural thought.

Artistic value is simply the art level. The skill level of the craftsman determines the artistic standard of the utensil. The difference of artistic level, measured by value, is called artistic value. Artistic value is created by the artist, its superb pioneering spirit and unique artistic style. Not only enrich people's spiritual life, give people the enjoyment of beauty, but also the inheritance of our culture and art creation today.

We advocate bold innovation, must be in inheriting cultural tradition on the basis of innovation. I have seen a case of sculpture, a Maitreya Buddha, standing tall, left hand holding gold, right hand column with a stick, from its carving level can be counted as medium, but the author does not understand the ancient traditional cultural knowledge. He moved from the Taoist god of wealth to gold pieces, and from the birthday of the man who moved the stick, with substitute, east to beat the way to do a nondescript things. Although he has made bold innovations, but this kind of innovation goes to the opposite side, becomes the dross, its value of course also can not talk about.

On the furniture production process, generally divided into carving, inlay, painting three kinds. This is the most popular artistic technique in furniture art.

Carving techniques are subdivided into flat carving, relief, round, through carving, comprehensive carving, Mao carving six kinds, according to various patterns required to apply different artistic techniques.

Inlay decoration, refers to the stone Luodian and other materials embedded in wood or lacquer ware, the composition of a variety of decorations or patterns. Inlay also known as "Hundred Treasures inlay", for the Ming Dynasty Zhou Yi first, also known as "Week inlay" or "Week system".

Although the furniture inlay material is many, among them the snail mosaic occupies the majority. The next is colored enamel, woodcarving, all kinds of stone, all kinds of porcelain pieces and gold and silver pieces. The general rule is that the higher the economic value, the less the quantity.

The inlay snail craft is divided into two kinds, a kind of thick snail, a kind of thin snail meadow. The thick snail is more common, but the thin snail because the existence quantity is few, the world is rare to see. The thin snail is also known as "multicolored snail". The inner epidermis of the colored shells is peeled and embedded on the lacquer ware. The thick level is equivalent to the newsprint used today. Very difficult to peel. The processing difficulty is also much higher. Such artifacts are only popular in the late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, and later with the decline of the destiny, no longer able to make this process.

Painted decoration, refers to the decorative furniture decorated with color paint. Generally divided into monochrome paint and add color paint two major categories. Monochrome lacquer with black pigment mostly, followed by red paint, purple paint, brown paint, Huang and so on. Color paints are based on monochrome paint.

Whether carved or inlaid or painted, artists are required to have advanced artistic accomplishment. The artifacts of the system should be lively and vivid. If there is only shape and no God, stiff and stiff, the value of its nature can not be compared and discussed.

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