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美国作业代写:The truth of Marxism

2017-11-24 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The truth of Marxism,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了马克思主义真理性。任何理论学说的真理性必须体现时代性,只有反映时代特征并具有时代使命的理论学说才具有真理性。而马克思主义的真理性与其产生的特定时代密切关联。马克思主义的真理性体现在直面时代矛盾和时代需要,正确地回答了时代的主要问题,是对时代特征的正确反映和对时代使命的高度概括。

The truth of Marxism,马克思主义真理性,essay代写,paper代写,美国作业代写

Scientific understanding of the truth of Marxism needs to unfold from the aspects of Time dimension, regularity dimension, practicality dimension, value dimension, wholeness dimension and open dimension. Only by closely linking Marxism with the times of reflecting the contradictions of the times, the needs of the times, the characteristics of the times and the Mission of the Times, and closely related to the regularity reflecting the laws of the objective world, especially the law of the development of human society, is closely linked with practical practice from social life Closely linked with the value of embodying the value of human society and the value of nature, closely connected with the integrity of the whole of the ideological system, and with the openness of enriching ideological content in practice and keeping pace with the times, can we fully and scientifically understand the truth of Marxism.

The truth of any theoretical theory must embody the times, only the theoretical theories that reflect the characteristics of the times and have the mission of the Times have the truth. The truth of Marxism is closely related to the specific times it produces. The truth of Marxism is embodied in confronting the contradiction of the times and the needs of the times, answering the main problems of the times correctly, is the correct reflection of the characteristics of the times and the high generalization of the mission of the Times.

Marx said: "Every principle has its emergence in the century." Marxism is not born out of thin air, but has a profound background of the times, the background of the Times is the contradictions of the times, the needs of the times, the voice of the Times and the Mission of the Times. It is the contradictions of the Times and the outstanding problems raised by the times that promote the emergence of Marxism and embody the truth of Marxism. Marx and Engels pointed out: "The degree to which the theory is achieved in a country always depends on the extent to which the theory meets the needs of the country." Marxism is not only the call of the Times and the product of the Times, but also the development of the Times and the new era.

Marx and Engels lived in the era of capitalist production mode in Western Europe has a considerable development of the era, is the capitalist in the promotion of productivity development and human civilization progress at the same time, but fell into the profound social contradictions can not be overcome by their own era, is the proletariat and the bourgeoisie " The era of class struggle has taken on a more vivid and threatening form in practice and theory. Marxism is the theory for the proletariat to seek emancipation service, and it is a scientific system which embodies the proletarian ideology and the proletariat class interests for the proletariat to strive for the whole rights and interests of political rights, economic rights, cultural rights, social rights and interests. According to historical materialism, "the same ideas and ideas of every historical period can be explained simply by the living conditions of the economy of the period and by the social and political relationships determined by these conditions". In the era of Marx and Engels ' life, the sharp contradictions between capitalist productivity and production relations, economic foundation and superstructure, for Marx and Engels from the angle of social basic contradiction and the development of world history to clarify the historical inevitability of these contradictions, and to demonstrate that socialism must replace capitalism provides realistic objective conditions, The proletariat's struggle against the bourgeoisie for liberation has put forward the realistic demand of Marxism. Marx and Engels participated in the Proletarian revolutionary practice of opposing the bourgeoisie, and the inheritance and innovation of human civilization, founded the theory of historical materialism and surplus value, provided a scientific world outlook and methodology for the proletariat to correctly understand the problems of the times and solve the problems of the times. As Lenin said, "All of Marx's genius lies in the fact that he has answered all the questions raised by the advanced human mind." As far as Marxist philosophy is concerned, dialectical materialism and historical materialism, as the product of the Times, are the most complete and profound theory without one-sidedness. "Marx's philosophy is a complete philosophical materialism, it gives the great tools of understanding to the human, especially to the working class."

The truth of any theory is embodied in the correct reflection of the objective law and the profound summary and refinement, in the field of humanities and social sciences, only those theoretical theories that reflect objectively the law of the world, especially the law of the development of human society, are of truth. Law is the inevitable connection of the essence of things in the course of development, and it is only by fully revealing and conforming to the law of the development of things that it helps to guide people's understanding of law and practice.

Whether it is Marxist dialectical materialism or historical materialism, because it reflects and summarizes the law of natural development, the law of Human society Development and the Law of emancipation of man, it has profundity and truth. Marxism holds that: "The law of Dialectics is abstracted from the history of nature and the history of human society." The historical materialism has a realistic reflection on the objective law of the development of social history, and it has the implication of history dialectics. In the social and historical field, Marxism has surpassed the so-called fashionable thought of the utopian socialism and so on, it is the truth that it reveals the movement law of capitalist society correctly. In his speech before Marx's tomb, Engels this is a profound summary and highly evaluation of Marx's contribution: "Just as Darwin discovered the law of organic Development, Marx discovered the law of the development of human history," Marx also found the modern capitalist mode of production and the bourgeois society produced by the special laws of movement. As a result of the discovery of surplus value, this place is enlightened, and all the previous research done by bourgeois economists or socialist critics is only groping in the dark. Marx and Engels used the basic principle of historical materialism to reveal the law of capitalist development, to uncover the secret of capitalist exploitation, from the inherent contradictions between capitalist socialized production and private ownership, it was concluded that the death knell of private ownership must be sounded and that socialism replaced capitalism is the objective law of the social development of history.

The truth of Marxism is not only embodied in the understanding of the law of society, but also in the understanding of the laws of nature. Through the analysis of the relationship between man and nature, Marx and Engels it reveals the law of harmonious coexistence between human and nature, puts forward the law of coordinative development of organism, nature, society and human form, expounds the law of the Unification of Man's initiative and the dynamic, and analyzes the law that human beings do not respect nature and must be subjected to severe retaliation. Marx and Engels believed that the human free and conscious activity and the human's free and comprehensive development all established in the cognition law, the conformity law and according to the law affairs. Engels pointed out in the anti-Turin theory: "Freedom does not lie in the illusion of escaping from the natural law and independent, but in the understanding of these laws, so as to be able to plan to make the laws of nature to serve a certain purpose." This is the same no matter to the law of the external nature, or to the rules of the physical existence and spiritual existence of the dominant person itself. ”

The truth of any theoretical theory must have the function of guiding practice, only those theories which always combine theory with reality and have the function of guiding practice have the truth. Understanding of the essential features and basic functions of Marxism, although people can take different perspectives, however, no matter how people interpret the essential features and basic functions of Marxism from different angles, they can not ignore the vivid image inscribed on Marx's tombstone and generalize the important values of Marxism in great depth. This is the final outline of the outline of Feuerbach, written by Karl Marx in 1845: "Philosophers interpret the world in different ways, and the problem is changing the world." Marx used very concise language to show to the world that Marxism is the materialism of practice and the doctrine of transforming the world to liberate mankind.

For this reason, Marx distinguishes between the new and old materialism in the outline of Feuerbach: "The foothold of old materialism is ' citizen ' society, and the foothold of neo-materialism is human society or socialized humanity." Marx stressed: "Social life is essentially practical." Any mysterious thing that lures theory into mysticism can be rationally solved in human practice and in the understanding of this practice. "This shows that the reason why Marx and Engels founded their theory, not to show their own knowledge of the broad, nor to gloat about the construction of their own theoretical system, not to put their theory on the shelf, hide the mountains, but to use the knowledge of the truth to arm the people and guide social practice, Make it a great tool of understanding and practical tools to guide people to understand the world and transform the world consciously.

The Marxism theory has the function of combining with practice and guiding the fulfillment, but also lies in that Marxism has found the main body of the practice activity and the impetus to push forward the history, this is the proletariat of the whole world. As the grave digger of the bourgeoisie, the proletariat is the most complete revolutionary, they represent the future of the development of social form, they lost in the struggle against the bourgeoisie is only the chain, will be the whole world. Lenin put forward at the beginning of the article "The Historical Destiny of Marxist theory": "The main point in Marx's theory is to expound the role of the proletariat as the creator of the Socialist society." Since Marx expounded this theory, has the world's development confirmed this theory? Lenin's question has been confirmed by the socialist Movement, especially the socialist cause of Chinese characteristics. It is because Marxism is not a dogma but a guide to the practice of proletarian revolutionary struggle, not an empty talk but a truth that inspires the proletariat to strive for the realization of the historical mission, so that no other theory in human history can transcend Marxism.

From the value dimension of unifying the value of human society and the value of nature to understand the truth of Marxism

The truth of any theoretical theory must be of value, and only the theoretical theory that embodies value, realizes value and creates value has truth. The truth of Marxism comes from the value of the value of Marxism embodies the true rationality, and the value of Marxism is an important prerequisite and foundation of Marxist Truth, and the truth of Marxism is the inevitable result and end of Marxist value, and Marxism is the organic unity of Truth and value. Only by combining the truth scale with the value measure, can we grasp the truth of Marxism better.

Value is an important category that reflects the relationship between the two-way generation and reciprocity of the subject and the object, which embodies the function and significance of the subject and object in the object relationship. Marxism regards the contradiction between human society and the need for coordination as two categories, namely, the contradictions and relations between man and nature, and the contradictions and relations between man and society. Attaching importance to and actively coordinating these two kinds of contradictions and relationships embodies social value and natural value, and promotes harmony between man and society as well as the value goal of harmony between man and nature in the unification. In the system of human-nature-society, Marxism discusses the development law of nature, the law of Human society Development and the Law of human emancipation, in the process of the whole liberation of Nature Liberation, social emancipation and human emancipation, expounds the preconditions, main contents and basic paths of realizing the freedom and liberation of the proletariat and the general working people. On the basis of historical materialism, it interprets the law of the development of natural history and the Law of human history, and reveals the thought of combining social civilization and ecological civilization in the whole theory system of philosophy, political economy and scientific socialism, which embodies the idea that Marxism can realize social value and The pursuit of the unification of value and natural value of man.

In the pursuit of human liberation and human freedom and all-round development of the same time, Marxism on the natural value of giving full attention. Marx and Engels thought that "man is the product of nature" human society, like nature, has its own history and its own science "thought," This kind of communism, as the completion of the naturalism, is equal to humanitarianism, and as the completion of the humanitarian, equal to naturalism, it is between man and nature, The real solution of the contradiction between man and man is the real solution of the existence and essence, the object and the self confirmation, the freedom and the certainty, the struggle between the individual and the class. It is the answer to the riddle of history, and knowing that it is the answer, the thought of advancing social progress and development in the trinity of "naturalism-humanitarianism-communism" is the typical combination of social value and natural value.

The truth of any theoretical theory must embody the integrity of a complete and strict theoretical system, and only those with complete ideology, rigorous discourse logic, profound analysis and theoretical theory with scientific research methods. The entirety of Marxist theoretical system comes from the objective and truthful reflection of the whole existence of nature, society and human being objectively and organically connected, which embodies the methodological characteristics of dialectical systematic thinking.

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