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留学生作业代写:The protection of historic blocks

2017-09-19 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The protection of historic blocks,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了历史街区的保护。如今,历史街区已经被视作一种不可再生的资源了,所以在城市发展中我们必须要对它进行保护。历史街区内的历史文脉、建筑景观、社会关系等的发展构成了历史街区生命的延续。合理的历史街区的更新应是分期、分步推进的。若条件尚不成熟则应谨慎处理,不要盲目改造设计。

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Today, historic neighborhoods have been regarded as a non-renewable resource, and we should cherish these historic neighborhoods as much as minerals and oil. Along with the development and progress of the times, the unique city culture has been paid more and more attention by people. In the practice of urban design, there are many problems, such as the rational renewal of traditional blocks, the continuation of regional culture, the prominent characteristics of the city, and the revitalization of the neighbourhood.

A key element is architecture, but these buildings are not isolated architectural monomers. The buildings in the historical block are scattered, primary and secondary, and the connection echoes constitute a harmonious whole. It is these structures and functions that are linked together that make the whole historic block have a rich and pleasant space. Therefore, the designer must take control of the whole of the historical block, grasp the space, style and context of the whole block, so that the renovation of the block is still a harmonious unity of the whole.

The diversity of the environment is also the most important in the protection and renewal practice of historic districts. The first is the diversity of life, the activities of people in the neighbourhood are the source of the vitality of the block, so a variety of life activities is the fundamental to maintain the vitality of the neighbourhood, and secondly, the diversity of sense, should be reasonable to preserve the various characteristics of the blocks in each of the buildings and structures, in order to maintain the diverse landscape. However, it is necessary to note that this diversity is not chaotic, should be orderly, in the renewal should do a good job of spatial integration and reconstruction.

The vitality of the historic block rests on the sense of place in which it is formed. Designers should be people-oriented, fully consider the psychological and behavioral needs of users to create a pleasant block space.

The development of historical context, architectural landscape, social relations and so on in historical blocks constitute the continuation of life in historical blocks. It should maintain its "life" to protect, develop and update historic districts. The concept of sustainable development revises the idea of Dajian in the reconstruction of urban renewal. The renewal of a reasonable historical block should be phased and step by stage. In the History district protection renewal practice, finds out the main problem of the historical block, under the condition to allow the preferential treatment, if the condition is immature then should handle carefully, do not blindly transform the design.

The spatial texture is the most able to show the regional nature of the historical block. In the urban design of the historic district protection and renewal, there will be different ideas to deal with the existing spatial texture and the building environment, and the corresponding space form will also be produced. Historical blocks often have a unique style and cultural characteristics, so the space texture and the continuation of historical context has become the basic principle of protection and renewal practice. For buildings that will be built in the neighbourhood, they should follow the texture of the old blocks. New buildings placed or inserted or replaced in old buildings for organic protection and alteration. Should not be for the pursuit of the surface of the environment to beautify the large-scale demolition and new, lost the historical context of the block.

First of all, the coordination of space scale is a kind of designer's pursuit of beauty, in practice, the new building should be in harmony with the original historic block in the aspect of volume and style. Secondly, the urban design of historical blocks not only should look at the spatial scale from the esthetics level, but also pay attention to the historical block space accord with human body scale, the suitable human body scale facilitates the user in the block area, enhances the use efficiency of the block space.

In general, the height-width ratio of buildings and streets in historic neighborhoods is greater than 1:2. Functionally, life and commercial streets are more open than traffic streets, and geographically, the colder parts of the north are more open than the hot areas of the south. Therefore, in the protection and renewal practice, we should pay attention to the influence of many factors such as region, climate, environment atmosphere, use function and so on space scale. It should be noted that the streets of the life of the road should not be blindly widened, should be reasonably set the width of the road, so that it conforms to the standard of human use, to facilitate the user back and forth through the road, into the streets on both sides of the building interior space.

On the spatial interface, the main focus of urban design is its pattern, color, texture and so on. The spatial interface of building is the most intuitive perception, and its material, color, style, scale, detail and so on should be paid attention to. In addition, no building is an independent individual, they are an important element of the historic block, starting from the whole block of buildings, consider the unified interface formed by the façade of the continuity, rhythm, and the interface with its external space relations. The control of the urban design for the building interface is to ensure the whole sense of the block entity space and to coexist harmoniously with the surroundings.

The bottom interface of the historic block space is the road interface, which covers the geometric shape of the road, the relationship between the building and the road, and the road pavement. In the historical block, the road plane form is turning, curved, branched and reticulate, so the rich road network form bears the colorful street landscape, and the designer pays attention to the design of protection and renewal. The ground is one of the most accessible interfaces with people, and users can easily pay attention to the interface when they walk around the block. The ground is cleverly designed by designers to convey far-reaching connotations that inspire users to associate. The design of the ground interface in the regional city of History Street embodies the most vivid on the pavement, and the road paved with road, gravel, Fang Shilu and green brick. The different design of the paving material also corresponds to the different level of the street space, and the main street of many historic blocks is the stone road, and the alley is either the green brick road or the pebble path. For the protection of the historic District, it is advisable to use the local building materials in the area, and to extend the traditional paving mode to reflect the regional features, so that users resonate.

Historic District protection and renovation of urban design, should protect and reasonable use of traditional historical values of neighbourhoods, streets and buildings. To explore the local cultural characteristics, the continuation of the historical context, focus on the spirit of the place, respect for the feelings of users. The renovation of historic districts shows that modern urban design is going to be complex, the designer can not only complete the design of the material building space and landscape environment, but also strive to create a good social atmosphere and an efficient internal mechanism.

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