Study on Critical thinking--美国Essay代写范文
2017-01-03 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文
美国留学生Essay代写范文:“Study on Critical thinking”，这篇论文主要描述的是批判性的思维是我们常用的思维方式，也是一般思维过程中重要的一部分，我们会在思维的过程当中提出想法，然后进行假设某些存在因素，通过批判性的评价来验证一些未经检查的假设，当然我们在运用批判性思维时也存在的一定的误区，那就是容易对“批评”一词产生消极的认知。
Critical thinking is a part of general thinking process. During the thinking process ideas, assumptions, hypotheses, beliefs and premises are born as the result of working out psychological and biological reactions. Critical thinking consists of three important steps or stages. These stages are: becoming aware that certain assumption exists, making this assumption explicit and final steps are making sure in its accuracy. So, critical thinking assumes critical evaluation of any assumptions, which appear during our thinking process. In order to evaluate them critically, we ask ourselves several questions. Is this assumption true? Are there any special conditions, which make it true? Are there any special conditions, which make it false?
There are some general mistakes concerning critical thinking. Usually we tend to treat word “critical” negatively. We believe that critical evaluation brings negative effect trying to destroy any assumptions finding only their counterparts and blunders. In reality critical thinking is rather positive process, which creates more realistic perspective. Critical thinking is a very important process, because it includes realistic evaluations of unchecked facts and assumptions. Very often unchecked facts or information lead to wrong decisions and poor consequences. In personal communication and close interactions critical thinking can help to understand the position of other people and imagine what consequences can have our actions not only for them, but for us also.
Problem solving process includes:
- setting up the problem ;
- defining negative sides of the problem, main difficulties and limitations;
- defining positive sides of the problem, what can be used in order to resolve it;
- finding new ideas, brainstorming, etc, aiming to escape negative sides and use positive ones;
- choosing the best variant most suitable for the problem resolved, building a ranking list of solutions, starting from the most effective ones.
There are several forces which influence the process of decision making. These forces can be divided into two major groups. The first group includes objective forces, which can not be influenced by the problem solver. These forces include the problem to be solved such as costs, risks, losses; its positive sides and limitations. Another type of forces consists of subjective forces, which are influenced by the personality of problem solver, his skills, attitude to the problem and his or her sensory input.