2016-12-20 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文
Abstract:Unlike our ancient ancestors who lived in small communities and had little contact with the outside world, there exists an increasing contact and exchange among different cultures in our modern world for the globalization .Greetings, which usually happen before starting a conversation, are very important and may shape the image of the speaker. So, it’s necessary for us to learn to use the appropriate ways to greet others. The purpose of this essay is to help people from different cultures background to know more about how to greet others in intercultural communication.
Nowadays, the whole world is in the process of globalization, appropriate words and deeds are playing a decisive role in achieving successful communication. To be polite is an important part of communication，especially when we talk to others. It’s instinctive to most people during communicating with others in the same culture to use their own language. But when speaking another language, especially in a different culture which you know not that much, it’s important for one to be aware of the different meanings of the same words.
Because of cultural difference, we always find it difficult for people to understand each other, even hurt other in intercultural communication. Sometimes, words that mean to show politeness can make people feel very embarrassed, courteous behaviors can also be misunderstood as absurd and vulgar. Therefore, studying cultural differences and the correct intercultural communication manners is essential.
The intercultural communication is not only important in people’s communication, but also essential in other area. Like in the business field, it important to find out the foreign client’s likes dislikes and expectations; avoid being offence to their visitor through ignorance or assumptions.” (Angelena Boden 2006: 11-13). From this quotation, we can find the importance of across-communication. We mostly communicate by speaking, so learn to be polite in intercultural communication is very important.
U.S. Americans uphold the ideal that everyone “is created equal” and has the same rights. This includes women as well as men of all ethnic and cultural groups living in the U.S. There are even laws that protect this “right to equality” in its various forms. The general lack of deference to people in authority is one example of equality. Titles, such as “sir” and “madam” are seldom used. Managers, directors, presidents and even university instructors are often addressed by their first or given name.
The U.S. American lifestyle is generally casual. You will see students going to class in shorts and t-shirts. Male instructors seldom wear a tie and some may even wear blue jeans. Female instructors often wear slacks along with comfortable walking shoes.
Greetings and farewells are usually short, informal and friendly. Students may greet each other with “hi”, “how are you?” And “what’s up?” The farewell can be as brief as: “See you”, “Take it easy” or, “come by some time” (although they generally don’t really mean it). Friendships are also casual, as Americans seem to easily develop and end friendships.
Perhaps you are comparing American salutations to British ones. Every culture is different. American greetings do tend to be less formal. The reason for this is hard to establish. Perhaps it has something to do with the American Revolution! In the 1700’s the Americans broke away from British rule. They began to form their own customs and culture. A change in customary greetings would have arisen from this.